[Federal Register: October 31, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 212)]
[Rules and Regulations]               
[Page 65039-65118]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr31oc08-17]                         


[[Page 65039]]

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Part II





Department of the Interior





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Bureau of Land Management



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43 CFR Parts 2800, 2880, and 2920



Update of Linear Right-of-Way Schedule; Final Rule


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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Bureau of Land Management

43 CFR Parts 2800, 2880, and 2920

[WO-350-07-1430-PN]
RIN 1004-AD87

 
Update of Linear Right-of-Way Rent Schedule

AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior.

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is amending its right-of-
way regulations to update the linear right-of-way rent schedule in 43 
CFR parts 2800 and 2880. The rent schedule covers most linear rights-
of-way granted under Title V of the Federal Land Policy and Management 
Act of 1976, as amended (FLPMA), and Section 28 of the Mineral Leasing 
Act of 1920, as amended (MLA). Those laws require the holder of a 
right-of-way grant to pay annually, in advance, the fair market value 
to occupy, use, or traverse public lands for facilities such as power 
lines, fiber optic lines, pipelines, roads, and ditches.
    Section 367 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (the Act) directs the 
Secretary of the Interior to update the per acre rent schedule found in 
43 CFR 2806.20. The Act requires that the BLM revise the per acre 
rental fee zone value schedule by state, county, and type of linear 
right-of-way use to reflect current land values in each zone. The Act 
also requires the Secretary of Agriculture (Forest Service) to make the 
same revisions for rights-of-way on National Forest System (NFS) lands.

DATES: This final rule is effective December 1, 2008.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information on the substance of 
the final rule, please contact Bil Weigand at (208) 373-3862 or Rick 
Stamm at (202) 452-5185. For information on procedural matters, please 
contact Ian Senio at (202) 452-5049. Persons who use a 
telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal 
Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 1-800-877-8339 to contact the above 
individuals during business hours. FIRS is available twenty-four hours 
a day, seven days a week, to leave a message or question with the above 
individuals. You will receive a reply during normal business hours.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background
II. Final Rule as Adopted and Response to Comments
III. Procedural Matters

I. Background

    Statutory: Section 367 of the Act, entitled ``Fair Market Value 
Determinations for Linear Rights-of-Way Across Public Lands and 
National Forests,'' directs the Secretary of the Interior to: (1) 
Update 43 CFR 2806.20, which contains the per acre rent schedule for 
linear rights-of-way; and (2) Revise the per acre rental fee zone value 
schedule by state, county, and type of linear right-of-way uses to 
reflect current values of land in each zone. In addition, pursuant to 
section 367(a) and (b), the Secretary of Agriculture is adopting BLM's 
rent schedule in 43 CFR subpart 2806, as updated by Section 367, for 
linear rights-of-way granted, issued, or renewed for use of National 
Forest System lands under Title V of FLPMA or Section 28 of the MLA.
    Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking: The BLM published an advance 
notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPR) in the Federal Register on April 
27, 2006 (71 FR 24836). The comment period for the ANPR ended on May 
30, 2006. The purpose of the ANPR was to encourage members of the 
public to provide comments and suggestions to help with updating the 
BLM's and the Forest Service's (FS) rent schedule, as described in the 
Act. The BLM received ten responses to the ANPR, including comments on 
six specific questions posed there. The BLM utilized the comments 
received from the ANPR extensively in the development of the proposed 
and final rule.
    Proposed Rule: The BLM published a proposed rule in the Federal 
Register on December 11, 2007 (72 FR 70376). The comment period for the 
proposed rule ended on February 11, 2008. The purpose of the proposed 
rule was to provide members of the public an opportunity to comment on 
the BLM's proposal to update the linear rent schedule, as described in 
the Act. The BLM received twelve responses to the proposed rule, 
including comments on six specific questions posed there. The BLM 
utilized the comments received on the proposed rule extensively in the 
development of the final rule.
    Previous (1987) Linear Rent Schedule: On July 8, 1987, and 
September 30, 1987, the BLM published regulations establishing rent 
schedules for linear rights-of-way granted under Section 28 of the MLA 
and Title V of FLPMA (52 FR 25818 and 52 FR 36576). The FS used these 
same schedules to charge rent for rights-of-way across NFS lands. The 
update to these previous schedules contained in this final rule also 
affects the FS and users of NFS lands.
    The 1987 rent schedule was developed to set fair market rent and 
minimize the need for individual real estate appraisals for each right-
of-way requiring rent payments, as well as to avoid the costs, delays, 
and unpredictability of the appraisal process in reasonably setting 
fair market rent.
    The 1987 rent schedule established eight fee zones based on the 
distribution of average land values by county in Puerto Rico and in 
each of the states, except Alaska and Hawaii. (The 1987 rent schedule 
did not apply to Alaska and Hawaii; however, the rent schedule in this 
final rule applies to all 50 states and the commonwealth of Puerto 
Rico. Linear right-of-way rental fees in Alaska were previously 
determined on a case-by-case basis based on local market values. There 
are no linear rights-of-way in Hawaii currently administered by either 
the BLM or the FS). Under the 1987 regulations, a county was assigned 
to one of the eight zone values, based on average land values in the 
county: lower-value counties were assigned lower-numbered zones. The 
eight zone values contained in the 1987 schedule were set at $50, $100, 
$200, $300, $400, $500, $600, and $1,000 per acre. A county's zone 
value was translated into a per acre zone rent by use of the adjustment 
formula described below. To calculate the annual right-of-way rental 
payment, the zone rent was multiplied by the total acreage within the 
right-of-way. The formula for zone rent was:

Zone rent = (zone value) x (impact adjustment) x (Treasury Security 
Rate) x (annual adjustment factor)

    The zone value term in the formula was the land value that was 
established for each of the eight zones. The zone values established in 
1987 were never updated, although it is generally recognized that land 
values increased significantly in most areas from 1987 to the present.
    The impact adjustment term (or encumbrance factor) in the formula 
reflected the differences in land-use impacts between: (1) Oil, gas, 
and other energy-related pipelines, roads, ditches, and canals; and (2) 
Electrical transmission and distribution lines, telephone lines, and 
non-energy related pipelines. Energy-related pipelines and roads were 
considered as having a greater surface disturbance impact on the land, 
and were adjusted to 80 percent of the zone value. Electrical 
transmission and distribution lines, phone lines, and non-energy 
related pipelines with a smaller area of disturbance were adjusted to 
70 percent of the zone value.

[[Page 65041]]

    The Treasury Security term in the formula reflected a reasonable 
rate of return to the United States for the use of the land within the 
right-of-way. The 1987 regulations were based on a rate of return of 
6.41 percent for a 1-year Treasury Security.
    The zone rent was adjusted annually by the change in the Gross 
Domestic Product, Implicit Price Deflator index.
    BLM Right-of-Way Program and Revenues: The BLM administers 96,000 
rights-of-way, of which 66,000 are authorized under FLPMA and 30,000 
are authorized under the MLA. However, only 48,600 are subject to a 
rental payment. Wyoming and New Mexico together account for slightly 
more than 30,000 of the rights-of-way subject to rent. The BLM 
collected approximately $20.6 million in right-of-way rental receipts 
for fiscal year 2007. This total includes receipts from both linear and 
site-type rights-of-way. Seventy-seven percent of all right-of-way rent 
receipts were collected by five BLM State Offices. These five State 
Offices and the revenues collected are listed in Table 1.

Table 1--Right-of-Way Rental Receipts for ``Top Five'' BLM State Offices
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Total rental
                      State office                         receipts (FY
                                                               2007)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nevada..................................................      $4,386,150
Wyoming.................................................       4,086,382
California..............................................       3,210,892
New Mexico..............................................       2,669,556
Arizona.................................................       1,408,414

    Total...............................................      15,761,394
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Rent receipts from communication uses, which have their own rent 
schedule, totaled approximately $5 million, while receipts from other 
site-type rights-of-way, which normally require an appraisal to 
determine rent, and/or initial ad hoc billings, totaled approximately 
$9 million.
    In fiscal year 2007, the BLM collected $6.5 million total rent for 
12,545 linear rights-of-ways using the previous schedule. Of this 
amount, only 133 bills (for $52,400) were for rental payment periods 
(the length of time for which the holder is paying rent) of less than 1 
year. The largest number of bills (5,864) was issued for one-year 
rental payment periods. The rent collected from these one-year bills 
totaled $4,781,000 ($815 per bill) and included approximately $852,000 
for linear rights-of-way located in high value areas, such as in Clark 
County, Nevada, near the city of Las Vegas. The rent for these bills 
was generated using a similar methodology as the linear rent schedule, 
but was calculated using higher land values supported by appraisal data 
(used to develop ``unique zones'' with annual per acre rent values 
ranging from $280 to $6,000). Another 4,993 bills were issued for 
$133,172, covering a 5-year rental payment period. The average 5-year 
bill totaled $27, or less than $6 per bill on an annual basis. Lastly, 
a total of $89,000 was billed for rental payment periods of between 6 
and 30 years.
    To summarize, in fiscal year 2007 the BLM collected a total of 
$20.6 million in right-of-way rent receipts, but of that only $5.6 
million was calculated using the previous Per Acre Rent Schedule. 
Another $852,000 was calculated using similar methodology as the Per 
Acre Rent Schedule, but was calculated using higher land values (unique 
zones) supported by appraisal data. In addition, over half of all bills 
generated for linear right-of-way grants in fiscal year 2007 were for 
multi-year periods of 2 years or more.
    Interagency Coordination: The United States Department of 
Agriculture, Forest Service (FS), will adopt without rulemaking the 
revisions to the linear right-of-way rent schedule at 43 CFR 2806.20 
promulgated by the BLM through this final rule. To enhance consistency 
between the BLM and the FS, the FS has indicated that it will 
incorporate some of the procedural or otherwise nonsubstantive changes 
into its directive system. The FS will be publishing a notice of its 
adoption of BLM's rental schedule pursuant to this rule and its 
incorporation of other changes in subpart 2806.

II. Final Rule as Adopted and Response to Comments

Part 2800 Rights-of-Way Under FLPMA

    The BLM is amending the Per Acre Rent Schedule in its right-of-way 
regulations in 43 CFR parts 2800 and 2880. The rent schedule covers 
most linear rights-of-way granted under Title V of FLPMA and Section 28 
of the MLA. These laws require the holder of a right-of-way grant to 
pay annually, in advance, the fair market value to occupy, use, or 
traverse public lands for facilities such as power lines, fiber optic 
lines, pipelines, roads, and ditches.
    As mentioned above, the Act directs the Secretary of the Interior 
to update the per acre rent schedule in the BLM's previous regulations 
at 43 CFR 2806.20. The Act specifically requires that the BLM revise 
the per acre rental fee zone value schedule by state, county, and type 
of linear right-of-way use to reflect current land values in each zone. 
The Per Acre Rent Schedule applies to linear rights-of-way the BLM 
issues under 43 CFR parts 2800 and 2880. So as not to be redundant, we 
discuss the components and application of the rent schedule primarily 
in part 2800 and will not repeat those discussions in part 2880. 
However, we will note any differences in part 2880 that are necessary 
based upon specific statutory provisions of the MLA.
    In addition to revising the Per Acre Rent Schedule, the final rule 
makes minor amendments to parts 2800 and 2880 to bring the previous 
regulations into compliance with the statutory rent schedule changes. 
Finally, there are a number of minor corrections and changes in the 
final rule that are not directly related to the rent schedule. These 
changes are limited in scope and address trespass and the new rental 
payments, land status changes, annual rental payments, MLA hardship 
provisions, and reimbursements of monitoring costs and processing fees. 
These latter items correct some errors in the previous regulations and 
clarify others. This final rule:
    (1) Makes clear that the rent exemptions listed in section 2806.14 
do not apply if the applicant/holder is in trespass;
    (2) Provides that only the Per Acre Rent Schedule will be used to 
determine rent for linear right-of-way grants, unless the land 
encumbered by the grant is to be transferred out of Federal ownership;
    (3) Provides for an annual rent payment term when the annual rent 
for non-individuals is $500 or more;
    (4) Provides for a one-time rent payment for grants and easements 
when the land encumbered by the grant or easement is to be transferred 
out of Federal ownership;
    (5) Provides for a limited phase-in provision to all holders for 
calendar year 2009, and, a possible additional phase-in period upon 
revision of the rent schedule under sections 2806.22(b) and 2885.19(a);
    (6) Revises section 2920.6 to require reimbursement of processing 
and monitoring costs under sections 2804.14 and 2805.16 for 
applications for leases and permits issued under Title III of FLPMA;
    (7) Amends section 2920.8(b) to assess a non-refundable processing 
fee and monitoring fee under sections 2804.14 and 2805.16 for each 
request for renewal, transfer, or assignment of a lease or easement;
    (8) Amends sections 2805.11(b)(2) and 2885.11(a) so that all 
grants, except those issued for a term of 3 years or less and those 
issued in perpetuity under

[[Page 65042]]

FLPMA, expire on December 31 of the final year of the grant; and
    (9) Amends sections 2805.14(f) and 2885.12(e) to make it clear that 
you may assign your grant, without the BLM's prior written approval, if 
your authorization so provides.
    We received many comments on the proposed rule that addressed 
issues common to both the part 2800 and part 2880 regulations. So as 
not to be redundant, we address the comments only in the section they 
pertain to in the part 2800 regulations. Comments that specifically 
address the part 2880 regulations are discussed in that section of the 
preamble.
Subpart 2805--Terms and Conditions of Grants
    The BLM is making two minor amendments in 2 sections in subpart 
2805, which addresses the terms and conditions of FLPMA right-of-way 
authorizations.
Section 2805.11 What does a grant contain?
    Previous section 2805.11(b)(2) stated that all grants, except those 
issued for a term of less than 1 year and those issued in perpetuity, 
expire on December 31 of the final year of the grant. The BLM uses the 
calendar year, not the fiscal year or the anniversary date, to 
establish the rental period for grants. Expiration of grants on 
December 31 allows for consistency and ease of administration, because 
after the initial billing period only full calendar years are included 
in subsequent billing periods. However, the BLM often issues short-term 
right-of-way grants for 3 years or less to allow the holder to conduct 
temporary activities on public land. Previous section 2806.23(b) and 
final section 2806.24(c) both explain that the BLM considers the first 
partial calendar year in the rent payment period to be the first year 
of the rental term. Therefore, under previous section 2805.11(b)(2), a 
3-year grant actually had a term period of 2 years plus the time period 
remaining in the calendar year of issuance. A 2-year grant had a term 
period of 1 year plus the time period remaining in the calendar year of 
issuance. Depending on when the grant was issued, the actual term could 
have been just over 2 years for a 3-year grant and could have been just 
over 1 year for a 2-year grant. Under the final rule, all grants, 
except those issued for a term of 3 years or less and those issued in 
perpetuity, expire on December 31 of the final year of the grant. The 
changes to this section allow holders to use short-term grants for the 
full period of the grant. For example, if a 3-year grant is issued 
under the final rule on October 1, 2008, it would expire on September 
30, 2011, instead of December 31, 2010, under the previous rule. If a 
2-year grant is issued under the final rule on October 1, 2008, it 
expires on September 30, 2010, instead of December 31, 2009, under the 
previous rule. In most cases, the BLM would assess a one-time rental 
bill for the term of the grant, which would reduce any administrative 
impact which might otherwise result from this change. We received no 
comments on the proposed changes to this section, and the final rule 
adopts the proposed section without change.
Section 2805.14 What rights does a grant convey?
    Previous section 2805.14(f) stated that you had a right to assign 
your grant to another, provided that you obtained the BLM's prior 
written approval. The BLM proposed adding the phrase ``unless your 
grant specifically states that such approval is unnecessary'' at the 
end of this sentence to indicate that BLM's prior written approval may 
be unnecessary in certain cases. In most cases, assignments would 
continue to be subject to the BLM's written approval. However, with 
this change, the BLM could amend existing grants to allow future 
assignments without the BLM's prior written approval. This may be 
especially important to the future administration of a grant when the 
land encumbered by a grant is being transferred out of Federal 
ownership, and there is a request to convert an existing grant to an 
easement or a perpetual grant under section 2807.15(c). We received no 
comments on the proposed changes to this section and the final rule 
adopts the proposed section without change.
Subpart 2806--Rents
    Sections 2806.10 through 2806.16 of subpart 2806 contain general 
rent provisions that apply to grants. No changes were proposed to these 
general provisions except to section 2806.14.
Section 2806.14 Under what circumstances am I exempt from paying rent?
    Previous section 2806.14 identified those circumstances where a 
holder or facility is exempt from paying rent. None of the previous 
circumstances change under the final rule. We have, however, added a 
provision (final section 2806.14(b)) that states that the exemptions in 
this section do not apply if you are in trespass. The addition of this 
provision makes it clear that the penalties specified in subpart 2808--
Trespass, which include the assessment of rent for use of the public 
land, and possible additional penalties based upon the rent value, 
apply to all entities in trespass, even those entities that may 
otherwise be exempt from paying rent under section 2806.14. This is 
consistent with how trespass penalties are assessed under current 
policy, and provides for consistency with similar provisions in subpart 
2888--Trespass. Current section 2888.10(c) states that the BLM will 
administer trespass actions for MLA grants and temporary use permits 
(TUPs) as set forth in sections 2808.10(c) and 2808.11, except that the 
rental exemption provisions of part 2800 do not apply to grants issued 
under part 2880. Adding a new provision at section 2806.14(b) makes it 
clear that the rental exemption provisions do not apply to trespass 
situations covered under subpart 2808, as they likewise do not apply to 
trespass situations covered under subpart 2888. The final rule removes 
the existing phrase ``except that the rental exemption provisions of 
part 2800 (section 2806.14) do not apply to grants issued under this 
part'' from section 2888.10(c), because the cross reference is no 
longer necessary (see preamble discussion for proposed section 
2888.10(c)). We received no comments on the proposed changes to this 
section and the final rule adopts the proposed section without change.
Section 2806.20 What is the rent for a linear right-of-way grant?
    This section explains that the BLM will use the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule, except as described in section 2806.26, to calculate annual 
rent for linear right-of-way grants. The per acre rent from the 
schedule (for all types of linear right-of-way facilities regardless of 
the granting authority, e.g., FLPMA, MLA, and their predecessors) is 
the product of 4 factors: The per acre zone value multiplied by the 
encumbrance factor multiplied by the rate of return multiplied by the 
annual adjustment factor. The following discussion explains how the BLM 
adjusted these factors in the previous and proposed Per Acre Rent 
Schedule to arrive at the Per Acre Rent Schedule in the final rule, 
including the determination of per acre land values by county, as 
directed by the Act.

Use of a Schedule

    Section 367 of the Act directs the Secretary of the Interior to 
``revise the per acre rental fee zone value schedule by State, county, 
and type of linear right-of-way use to reflect current values of land 
in each zone.'' Therefore, the final rule retains the use of a schedule

[[Page 65043]]

and no alternative rental fee options were considered.

County Land Values--Use of Published Data

    In the 1987 rent schedule, the average per acre land value for each 
county was based upon a review of the typical per acre value for the 
types of lands that the BLM and the FS had allocated to various utility 
and right-of-way facilities. These values were mapped, reviewed, and 
adjusted, resulting in the placement of each county (except Coconino 
County, Arizona, which was split by the Colorado River) in one of eight 
zones ranging in value from $50 to $1,000 per acre.
    In the ANPR, the BLM requested comments regarding what available 
published information, statistical data, or reports the BLM should use 
to update the current linear right-of-way rental fee zone values. The 
BLM stated in the ANPR that it was considering using existing published 
information or statistical data for updating the rent schedule, such as 
information published by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS). The NASS publishes two reports:
    (1) The Census of Agriculture, published every 5 years (NASS 
Census); and
    (2) The annual Land Values and Cash Rents Summary (Annual Report).
    The NASS Census provides average per acre land and building values 
by county, or other geographical areas, for each state. The land values 
are reported individually for cropland (including irrigated and non-
irrigated cropland), woodland, pastureland, and rangeland, and an 
``other'' category that includes non-commercial, non-residential 
building lots, wasteland, and land with roads and ponds. The average 
per acre land and building values do not include any value for the 
crop, forage, or woodland products produced from the land.
    The NASS data in the Annual Report, as compared to the data in the 
NASS Census (see previous paragraph), includes average per acre values 
for cropland, pastureland, and farm real estate, but only on a regional 
or statewide basis, and not on a countywide basis. Another difference 
between the Annual Report and the NASS Census is the absence of any 
data for Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico in the Annual Report. You can 
find more detailed information about the NASS Census and the Annual 
Report at the NASS Web site at: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/leaving.cgi?from=leavingFR.html&log=linklog&to=http://www.nass.usda.gov/index.asp.
    The BLM received four comments in response to our request in the 
ANPR for comment on the use of available published information. One 
commenter said that the NASS data is appropriate. Two commenters 
recommended using the NASS Census of Agriculture (5-year census) for 
county-level data. One commenter stated that the NASS data seems 
appropriate for updating the schedule, so long as agricultural uses are 
not reflected in the land values used.
    In the development of the proposed rule, the BLM generally agreed 
with the commenters on the ANPR that supported the use of the NASS 
Census data to determine the average per acre value for each county, 
except for the commenter that supported its use so long as agricultural 
uses are not reflected in the land values used. The NASS publishes 
average per acre land and building values, by state and county, each 5-
year period in its NASS Census report. The most recent county values 
are from the 2002 NASS Census, which was published in June 2004. The 
next NASS Census report will provide 2007 data, and it is due to be 
published in June 2009. However, the NASS county per acre land and 
building value data is reflective of the types of agricultural uses 
generally occurring in that county, including land value data reported 
for cropland (including irrigated and non-irrigated cropland), 
woodland, pastureland, and rangeland, and an ``other'' category that 
includes non-commercial, non-residential building lots, wasteland, and 
land with roads and ponds. Land administered by the BLM and FS have 
many of the same agricultural values (grazing, commercial timber 
production, woodland and vegetative sales (Christmas trees, firewood, 
mushrooms, pine nuts, seed crops from native species, etc.). The 
average per acre land and building values do not include any value for 
the crop, forage, or woodland product produced from the land. In the 
proposed rule, we further explained that other Federal and state 
agencies regularly use the NASS Census data when it is necessary to 
obtain average per acre land value for a particular state or county. In 
addition, Congress specifically endorsed the use of this data for 
rental determination purposes when it passed the ``National Forest 
Organizational Camp Fee Improvement Act of 2003'' (Pub. L. 108-7) (16 
U.S.C. 6231). This law established a formula for determining rent for 
organizational camps located on NFS lands by applying a 5 percent rate 
of return to the average per acre land and building value, by state and 
county, as reported in the most recent NASS Census. That law also 
provided for a process to update the per acre land values annually 
based on the change in per acre land value, by county, from one census 
period to another. The law does not mandate the use of zones or a 
schedule, which eliminates the need for an annual index adjustment to 
keep the schedule or zones current. However, the range between the high 
and low county values which results from using the components mandated 
under Public Law 108-7, including the use of a 100 percent encumbrance 
factor, is significantly greater than the range between the high and 
low zone values which result from using the components established 
under either the proposed or final rule.
    The proposed rule used the entire average per acre land and 
building value (by state and county) from the 2002 NASS Census to place 
the county or geographical area into the proper zone value in the rent 
schedule. We used the entire average per acre land and building value 
to be consistent with how Congress used the same data in determining 
annual per acre rent for organizational camps located on NFS lands as 
described above. We also used the entire per acre land and building 
value from the NASS Census because both BLM and FS lands have many of 
the same agricultural values reflected in the NASS Census data.
    The BLM received several comments on the proposed rule's use of the 
entire average per acre land and building value (by state and county) 
from the NASS Census to place the county or geographical area into the 
proper zone value in the rent schedule. The majority of the commenters 
stated that the average per acre land and building value should be 
reduced to remove land with buildings or other improvements, but 
offered no recommendations on how this should be accomplished. Some of 
the commenters stated that irrigated cropland should also be removed 
from the average per acre land and building value, pointing out that in 
most cases the average per acre value of irrigated land is 
significantly higher than non-irrigated land. These commenters 
recommended reducing the average per acre land and building value in 
the NASS Census by 50 percent, but offered no data to support a 50 
percent reduction, except to state that lands administered by the BLM 
and FS are not used for irrigated cropland production, nor do they 
contain rural farm buildings, and therefore, the average per acre land 
and building value should be reduced by at least 50 percent.
    We agree that the average per acre land and building value for each 
county should be reduced by an amount that

[[Page 65044]]

reflects the value of irrigated cropland and land encumbered by 
buildings because BLM- and FS-administered lands do not include these 
land categories. The BLM consulted with officials from the NASS on an 
appropriate methodology to arrive at this figure. The NASS advised us 
that this calculation can be accomplished by comparing the total value 
of irrigated acres and acres in the ``other'' category, to the total 
value of all farmland acres. In 2002, there were a total of 938,300,000 
acres of rural farmland, composed of 434,200,000 acres of cropland 
(50,300 acres irrigated); 395,300,000 acres of pasture/rangeland 
(5,000,000 acres irrigated); 75,900,000 acres of woodland; and 
32,900,000 acres in an ``other'' category (roads, ponds, wasteland, and 
land encumbered by non-commercial/non-residential buildings). In 2007, 
the average per acre value of all land in all categories equaled $2,160 
for a total farm real estate value of $2,026,728,000,000. This compares 
to an average per acre land value of $4,736 for all irrigated cropland 
(a total value of $261,900,000,000 for the 55.3 million acres of 
irrigated cropland) or approximately 12.9 percent of the total value of 
all farmland. Thus, to eliminate the irrigated cropland value from the 
average per acre land and building value of each county, a 13 percent 
reduction is necessary.
    To determine a similar value for the ``building'' component of the 
average per acre land and building value is more difficult, since only 
the total number of acres in the ``other'' category is known (32.9 
million acres, which includes acres encumbered by roads, ponds, non-
commercial/non-residential buildings, and wastelands). In addition, 
unlike the average per acre values that have been determined by NASS 
for pastureland/rangeland ($1,160), all cropland ($2,700), irrigated 
cropland ($4,736) and all farm real estate ($2,160), the average per 
acre value for the ``other'' category is not available. However, since 
the lands in this category are basically non-productive, their average 
per acre value is likely less than the average per acre value for 
pastureland/rangeland ($1,160). Even so, if all 32.9 million acres were 
valued at $1,160 per acre, the total value of all lands in the 
``other'' category would equal $38,164,000,000, or less than 2 percent 
of the total value of all farm real estate. If all lands in the 
``other'' category are valued the same as irrigated cropland ($4,736), 
their total value would still only be 7.7 percent of all farm real 
estate. Therefore, in the final rule we reduced the average per acre 
land and building value by 20 percent (a 13 percent reduction for all 
irrigated acres and a 7 percent reduction for all lands in the 
``other'' category which includes all improved land or land encumbered 
by buildings) to eliminate the value of all land that could possibly be 
encumbered by buildings or which could possibly have been developed, 
improved, or irrigated.
    One commenter suggested that the value for non-irrigated cropland 
should also be deleted from the average per acre land and building 
value because of its commercial nature and its dissimilarity to public 
and NFS lands. The BLM disagrees with this comment. In the 2007 Annual 
Report, the NASS provided the average value per acre of non-irrigated 
land in 20 states, including most of the states in the west with large 
acreages of public and NFS lands, except for the states of Arizona and 
Nevada where there is very little cropland that is not irrigated. The 
average value per acre of non-irrigated land is $1,963, and the average 
value per acre of pasture land in these same 20 states (excluding 
Arizona and Nevada) is $1,976. If the average per acre pastureland 
values were included for Arizona and Nevada, the average value per acre 
of pasture land for all 22 states is $1,926. Thus, there is little 
difference in the mid-western and western states between the average 
per acre values of non-irrigated cropland and pastureland/rangeland. In 
the eastern United States, Federal land holdings, including NFS lands, 
have largely been acquired from the private sector (primarily farm real 
estate) and would likely fall into the same land categories covered by 
the NASS Census. As a result, no further reductions to the average per 
acre land and building value (other than the 20 percent reduction 
discussed above for irrigated lands and buildings) are made in the 
final rule.
    In the ANPR the BLM requested comments regarding whether the 
proposed Per Acre Rent Schedule should split some states and counties 
into more than one zone. The BLM received three ANPR comments 
addressing whether some counties should be split into more than one 
zone. One commenter said that any consideration of splitting states or 
counties into more than one zone should involve discussions with 
stakeholders. One commenter said that zones smaller than a single 
county may lead to undue administrative burden for the BLM 
(establishing boundaries and collecting data). For very high-valued 
lands, rent could be based on 25 percent of the assessed value, 
according to one commenter. Alternatively, high-valued BLM lands could 
be sold or exchanged. One commenter said that wide variations in land 
values within a state or county may require applying the zone 
methodology at the sub-state or sub-county level. In the proposed rule, 
the BLM did not split any county into more than one zone because there 
was no published data, easily obtainable, that would support making 
such a split. We received one comment on the proposed rule suggesting 
that multiple zones be established where land values vary greatly 
within a single county. However, the commenter did not indicate how 
such variations in land values could be easily obtained or identified 
within each county entity. The BLM believes that it is not possible to 
make easy or accurate determinations of variations in land values 
within each county, and therefore the final rule does not split any 
county into more than one zone.
    The BLM also requested in the ANPR comments regarding whether the 
proposed Per Acre Rent Schedule should apply to Alaska. One commenter 
stated that the new linear right-of-way rent schedule should apply to 
public and NFS lands in Alaska if similar published data for land 
values is available for Alaska as for the lower 48 states and the data 
produces a reasonable per acre rental value. As a result, we proposed 
that the schedule apply to Alaska since the NASS Census does include 
average per acre land and building values for 5 Alaska areas: 
Fairbanks; Anchorage; Kenai Peninsula; Aleutian Islands; and Juneau. 
These NASS data produce a reasonable per acre rental value and are 
comparable to the per acre rental values from contracted appraisals 
and/or local rent schedules now in effect in some BLM and FS offices. 
The NASS Census data does not define the actual boundaries for the 5 
areas, and therefore we specifically asked for comments to assist the 
BLM and the FS in determining and identifying the on-the-ground area to 
be included in each of the 5 Alaska areas in the NASS Census. For 
example, the NASS Census average per acre land and building value for 
the Fairbanks ``area'' could be used for all public lands administered 
by the BLM Fairbanks District Office and the NASS Census average per 
acre land and building value for the Anchorage ``area'' could apply to 
all public lands administered by the BLM Anchorage District Office, and 
so forth. Another approach, which both the BLM and the FS prefer, would 
be to identify specific geographic or management areas and apply the 
most appropriate per acre land and building value from the 5 Alaska 
NASS Census areas to the BLM/FS identified

[[Page 65045]]

geographic or management areas based on similar landscapes and/or 
similar average per acre land values. The proposed rule stated that the 
FS planned to use the NASS census data for the Kenai Peninsula for all 
NFS lands in Alaska, except for NFS lands located in the Anchorage and 
Juneau areas. For NFS lands located in the Municipality of Anchorage, 
the NASS Census data for the Anchorage area would apply. For NFS lands 
in the downtown Juneau area (Juneau voting precincts 1, 2, and 3), the 
NASS Census data for the Juneau area would apply.
    The BLM received 2 comments on how the NASS Census data should be 
applied to public and NFS lands in Alaska. Both commenters generally 
supported the methodology of the proposed per acre rent schedule (with 
minor exceptions), but varied slightly in the geographical application 
of the five NASS Census areas for Alaska. One commenter agreed with the 
proposal of using the NASS Census data for the Kenai Peninsula for all 
NFS lands in Alaska, except for NFS lands located in the Anchorage and 
Juneau area. The commenter stated that for NFS lands located in the 
Municipality of Anchorage, the NASS Census data for the Anchorage area 
should apply, and for NFS lands in the downtown Juneau area, the NASS 
Census data for the Juneau area should apply. For the BLM, the 
commenter proposed that the NASS Census data for the Kenai Peninsula 
(Zone 4) apply to all public lands within the BLM Anchorage District 
boundaries, except for public lands in the Anchorage (Zone 6 in the 
proposed rule; Zone 5 in the final rule due to the 20 percent reduction 
in the average per acre land and building value--see discussion above), 
Juneau (Zone 11), and the Aleutian Island Chain (Zone 1) areas. The 
commenter said that for public lands located in the Municipality of 
Anchorage, the NASS Census data for the Anchorage area (Zone 5 in the 
final rule) should apply and for public lands in the downtown Juneau 
area (Juneau voting precincts 1,2, and 3), the NASS Census data for the 
Juneau area (Zone 11) should apply. For public lands in the Aleutian 
Island Chain, the NASS Census data for the Aleutian Islands Area (Zone 
1) should apply. In addition, the NASS Census data for the Fairbanks 
Area (Zone 3) should apply to all public lands within the BLM Fairbanks 
District boundaries. The commenter stated that these zone definitions 
and values would be consistent with both the suggestion in the proposed 
rule and the general fee schedule previously developed by the Appraisal 
Services Directorate (ASD), Alaska, for the BLM and the United States 
Fish and Wildlife Service. The BLM agrees with the commenter's 
suggestions because these zone definitions and values closely match 
previous rent schedules/values developed by the ASD for these same 
geographical areas. Therefore, in the final rule the BLM will apply the 
NASS Census data for Alaska to the geographical and administrative 
areas as follows:

Aleutian Islands Area--all lands within the Aleutian Islands Chain--
Zone 1;
Fairbanks Area--all lands within the BLM Fairbanks District 
boundaries--Zone 3;
Kenai Peninsula Area--all lands within the BLM Anchorage District 
boundaries excluding the Aleutian Islands Chain, the Anchorage Area, 
and the Juneau Area--Zone 4;
Anchorage Area--all lands within the Municipality of Anchorage--Zone 5; 
and
Juneau Area--all lands within downtown Juneau (Juneau voting precincts 
1, 2 and 3)--Zone 11.

    The second commenter, while disagreeing with some of the individual 
elements in the formula, stated that the rent formula, when taken as a 
whole, is well structured and should be extended, as described, to 
Alaska. This commenter did note, however, that the 2002 appraisal 
completed for the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) right-of-way set 
a $391 per acre land value for Federal lands north of the Yukon River 
and suggested that the BLM use this as justification to place these 
lands into Zone 2 instead of Zone 3, as proposed. We do not dispute the 
per acre value of Federal lands north of the Yukon River as determined 
by the 2002 TAPS appraisal. We do, however, note that in arriving at an 
annual per acre rental value for these lands, the 2002 TAPS appraisal 
utilized an encumbrance factor of 100 percent (later reduced to 
approximately 86.49 percent) and an 8 percent rate of return. When 
taken together, these components of the TAPS appraisal produced an 
annual per acre rental value of approximately $31 (later reduced to 
$27) for Federal lands north of the Yukon River and an average per acre 
rental value of approximately $35 (later reduced to $30) for all 
Federal lands along the TAPS corridor. In comparison, the proposed rent 
schedule would have generated an annual per acre rental value of $32.35 
in 2002, while the final rule would have generated $26.35. Therefore, 
the BLM agrees with the commenter, that while issue can be taken with 
individual elements of the final per acre rent schedule, when taken as 
a whole, the schedule is well constructed and produces a reasonable per 
acre rent for all zones. In the final rule, the TAPS will be assessed 
Zone 3 rates for all public land acres within the BLM Fairbanks 
District boundaries, and Zone 4 rates for all public land and NFS land 
acres within the BLM Anchorage District boundaries and the Chugach 
National Forest.
    Puerto Rico, which has no public lands administered by the BLM, is 
not divided into counties. However, the NASS publishes average farmland 
values for the entire Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. The proposed rule 
stated that the FS planned to use the NASS average farmland values 
($5,866 per acre in 2002) for linear right-of-way authorizations 
located on NFS lands in Puerto Rico. The BLM included this same amount 
($5,866 per acre in 2002) for Puerto Rico in the proposed rule for use 
by the BLM in the event that the BLM were to issue and administer 
future linear authorizations in Puerto Rico (for example, a MLA grant 
which involved lands administered by two or more Federal agencies could 
be issued/administered by the BLM). We received no comments on this 
issue and made no changes to the final rule.

Per Acre Zone Values

    The 1987 linear rent schedule contained eight separate zones 
representing average per acre land value from $50 per acre to a $1,000 
per acre. The schedule contained two zones with a $50 range, five zones 
with a $100 range, and one zone with a $400 range. All the counties in 
the 48 contiguous states, except one, and Puerto Rico were in one of 
the eight zones based on their estimated average per acre land value. 
The lone exception was Coconino County, Arizona, where the area north 
of the Colorado River was in one zone, and the area south of the river 
was in a different zone.
    In the ANPR, the BLM requested comments regarding the appropriate 
number of rental zones for the revised rent schedule, and received 
three comments. One commenter said that the number of zones (8) in the 
current schedule is sufficient. Two commenters said that the number of 
zones should not be changed, unless the NASS Census data indicates the 
need for a change.
    In the proposed rule, the number of zones was increased from the 
previous 8 to 12 in order to accommodate the range of 3,080 county land 
values contained in the NASS Census. For the same reason, it was 
necessary to increase the dollar value per zone. In

[[Page 65046]]

the 2002 NASS Census, the county land and building value per acre 
ranged from a low of $75 to a high of $98,954. To accommodate such a 
wide range in average per acre land values, the BLM proposed 2 zones 
with $250 increments, 3 zones with $500 increments, 1 zone with a 
$1,000 increment, 1 zone with a $2,000 increment, 1 zone with a $5,000 
increment, 2 zones with $10,000 increments, 1 zone with a $20,000 
increment, and 1 zone with a $50,000 increment (see Table 2--Zone 
Thresholds).

                        Table 2--Zone Thresholds
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         2002 county land and building
                Zone                                 value
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Zone 1..............................  $1 to $250.
Zone 2..............................  $251 to $500.
Zone 3..............................  $501 to $1,000.
Zone 4..............................  $1,001 to $1,500.
Zone 5..............................  $1,501 to $2,000.
Zone 6..............................  $2,001 to $3,000.
Zone 7..............................  $3,001 to $5,000.
Zone 8..............................  $5,001 to $10,000.
Zone 9..............................  $10,001 to $20,000.
Zone 10.............................  $20,001 to $30,000.
Zone 11.............................  $30,001 to $50,000.
Zone 12.............................  $50,001 to $100,000.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed rule's zones accommodate the per acre land and 
building values of 100 percent of the total number of counties in the 
2002 NASS Census (see Table 3). As land values increase or decrease, it 
may be necessary to adjust the number of zones and/or the dollar value 
per zone. The proposed rule allowed adjustments to the number of zones 
and/or the dollar value per zone after the publication of every other 
NASS Census (once each ten-year period). The adjustments must 
accommodate 100 percent of the county per acre land and building values 
reflected in the 5-Year Census. In the proposed rule, the BLM 
specifically asked for comments on whether 100 percent of the counties 
should be covered by the per acre rent schedule.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR31OC08.000

    The BLM received several comments that supported the number of 
zones, the zone values, and the placement of all NASS counties within 
the appropriate zone value. One commenter encouraged the BLM and the FS 
to verify that the zone values reflect actual undeveloped, non-
irrigated land values in rural areas of the country adjacent to the 
public and NFS lands, to ensure that the land values within each zone 
are appropriate, and the zones assigned to different counties are 
accurate. We believe that we have addressed this concern by removing 
all irrigated land and land encumbered by buildings from the 
calculation of land value and reducing the average per acre land and 
building values by 20 percent from those shown in the proposed rule. 
Even with this reduction, we do not believe that the number of zones or 
the zone values require adjustment. There are still several counties 
that would fall into Zone 12, even with the 20 percent reduction.
    Another commenter suggested that the BLM should discard the zone 
brackets entirely and use the actual NASS Census land and building 
value for each county. The BLM considered this option in the 
development of the proposed rule, but did not believe it conformed to 
the Congressional mandate provided in Section 367 of the Act to revise 
the existing schedule by state, county, and type of uses to reflect 
current land values in each zone. The commenter also suggested that in 
lieu of using the actual NASS Census value for each county, the BLM 
should utilize the midpoint of the zone value to base its calculations 
instead of the upper limit value of each zone. Again, the BLM 
considered this option in the development of the proposed rule, but did 
not adopt it because this calculation change would have been 
significantly different from the methodology used in the previous 
schedule (which utilized the upper zone amount and not the midpoint in 
making the per acre rental calculations) and its use would have 
generated significantly lower per acre rent amounts, while land values 
have generally increased. As a result, we made no adjustments to the 
number of zones in the final rent schedule, the zone amounts, or the 
methodology used

[[Page 65047]]

in the calculation of the per acre rent for each zone.
    The 2002 NASS Census per acre land and building value for each 
county (or similar area) and the corresponding zone number in the Per 
Acre Rent Schedule (based on 80 percent of the 2002 NASS Census per 
acre land and building value for each county) are listed for 
informational purposes at the end of this final rule. Most of the areas 
subject to the Per Acre Rent Schedule are called ``counties.'' 
Exceptions include Alaska ``areas,'' the ``Commonwealth'' of Puerto 
Rico, and Louisiana ``parishes.'' To make the terminology uniform in 
this rule, all such areas are referred to as counties.

Encumbrance Factor

    The BLM proposed an encumbrance factor (EF) of 50 percent for all 
types of linear right-of-way facilities. This is a change from the 
previous rule where the EF for roads and energy-related pipelines and 
other facilities was 80 percent and the EF for telephone and electrical 
transmission facilities was 70 percent. The proposed change is the 
result of public comments on the ANPR, a review of industry practices 
in the private sector, and a review of the Department of the Interior 
(DOI) appraisal methodology for right-of-way facilities located on 
Federal lands.
    The EF is a measure of the degree that a particular type of 
facility encumbers the right-of-way area or excludes other types of 
land uses. If the EF is 100 percent, the right-of-way facility (and its 
operation) is encumbering the right-of-way area to the exclusion of all 
other uses. The land use rent for such a facility would be calculated 
on the full value of the subject land (annual rent = full value of land 
X rate of return). If the EF is 40 percent, the right-of-way facility 
(and its operation) is only partially encumbering the right-of-way area 
so that other uses could co-exist alongside the right-of-way facility. 
The land use rent for such a facility would be calculated on only 40 
percent of the full value of the subject land (annual rent = full value 
of land x 40 percent x rate of return).
    Two comments received on the ANPR on this topic suggested that an 
EF could be as low as 10-15 percent if the right-of-way facility is 
located on undevelopable terrain; a 25 percent EF be used for a 
transmission line that does not affect development of land (``set-back 
areas''); a 50 percent EF be used if development is restricted, but not 
prohibited, or if other land uses are still possible; and a 70 percent 
EF be used if development or other uses are severely restricted. 
Another ANPR commenter stated that the EF should be lowered to 25-50 
percent for power lines, because in the private sector, an electrical 
utility typically makes a one-time payment of 50 percent fair market 
land value for a perpetual easement, allowing other use(s) within the 
corridor as long as the use(s) do not interfere with the power line. 
The commenter also stated that most of the uses that the BLM authorizes 
can also be conducted within a power line corridor without interfering 
with the power line and without restricting the additional use. One 
ANPR commenter encouraged the BLM to use a lower EF than 70 percent, 
based on common real estate practice relating to utility easements. The 
commenter stated that when utilities negotiate the purchase price for 
easements on private land, they typically apply a factor of 50 percent 
or less to the fee simple value of the land involved, to reflect that 
the utility easement is less than fee ownership and has a reduced 
impact. This commenter further stated that the BLM should use a 50 
percent or lower encumbrance (impact adjustment) factor and should 
allow a right-of-way applicant to demonstrate that an even lower impact 
factor should apply.
    In preparing the proposed rule, the BLM reviewed several appraisal 
reports (prepared by the DOI's Appraisal Services Directorate) for 
right-of-way facilities located on Federal lands. These appraisal 
reports showed an EF ranging from 25 percent (for buried telephone 
lines) to 100 percent (for major oil pipelines and electrical 
transmission lines). The BLM also reviewed one appraisal report that 
was prepared by a contractor for the BLM. The contractor did an 
independent solicitation of industry practices regarding this factor 
and again found anecdotal evidence that EFs vary from 25 percent to 100 
percent, with 50 to 75 percent being the most common. One holder 
provided anecdotal evidence that its company typically used a 40 
percent EF for buried facilities and a 60 percent EF for above ground 
facilities when negotiating land use rental terms for its facilities 
across private lands. One BLM grant-holder contracted with a private 
appraisal firm to determine an appropriate EF for a major pipeline and 
found that a 75 percent EF is fairly typical for major projects. 
Finally, our review showed that many state and Federal agencies have 
established an EF by statute or by policy, usually in the 70 percent to 
100 percent range. In the proposed rule, the BLM specifically asked for 
comments regarding the proposed use of a 50 percent EF, especially 
since this was a reduction from the 80 percent and 70 percent EFs used 
in the previous per acre rent schedule.
    We received many comments on the proposed rule supporting the 
reduction of the EF to 50 percent from the 80 percent and 70 percent in 
the previous per acre rent schedule. A few commenters specifically 
stated that the EF should be limited in all cases to no higher than 50 
percent. One commenter stated that the BLM has traditionally appraised 
the acquisition of non-exclusive road easements (the equivalent of a 
BLM right-of-way) using a 50 percent encumbrance factor and that a 
maximum 50 percent EF should be used whether or not the EF is applied 
to the upper limit of each zone value or the mid-point value of each 
zone. One commenter suggested that the EF should be reduced to as 
little as 10 percent, arguing that a transmission facility located on 
public lands devalues the land much less than would an easement on 
private land and that the rights obtained under a grant are also less 
than those obtained under an easement. Another commenter, while 
supporting an EF of 50 percent, believed that the final rule should 
provide holders the option to seek lower EFs via an appraisal. In 
addition, one commenter suggested that the EF be reduced below 50 
percent in those cases where a new right-of-way is granted within an 
existing road right-of-way or patent reservation for roads or utility 
purposes.
    The BLM agrees with the commenters that state that there are 
situations and circumstances where an EF of less than 50 percent may be 
appropriate, whether due to the type of facility, the rights obtained 
or granted, the impact of the facility on the land, or the co-location 
of multiple facilities within the same utility corridor. However, there 
is convincing evidence of situations where an EF greater than 50 
percent is warranted. In fact, for large right-of-way facilities, such 
as interstate pipelines and electrical transmission lines greater than 
138 kilovolts in size, the annual rent or one-time easement payment is 
typically determined using 100 percent of the land value (100 percent 
EF). These major right-of-way facilities not only encumber the greatest 
number of acres, but can have significant and continuing impacts on 
public land resources, including impacts to visual, open space, 
wildlife, vegetative, cultural, recreation, and other public land 
resources. In addition to the documented cases cited above supporting 
EFs greater than 50 percent, two articles published in a professional 
right-of-way journal also show that a 50

[[Page 65048]]

percent EF is indicative of a balanced-use by both the land owner and 
right-of-way/easement holder (see Donald Sherwood, Easement Valuation, 
Right-of-Way Magazine, May/June 2006 at 33). More telling are several 
quotes from utility company officials stating that the typical amount 
of compensation for permanent easements is 50 percent of the underlying 
land value, but that this amount can increase up to 100 percent 
depending on the size of the transmission line or right-of-way facility 
being sited (see William R. Lang and Brett A. Smith, Valuing a Gas 
Pipeline Easement, Right-of-Way Magazine, September/October 1998 at 
32). The BLM recognizes that the EF is closely related to the type of 
right-of-way facility authorized, as well as how it is operated and 
administered. However, to assign a specific EF for each type of 
facility, or type of terrain, or to allow the holder the option of 
completing an appraisal that may establish a lower EF would be counter-
productive to the purpose of using a schedule in the first place, i.e., 
administrative simplicity and the cost savings that a schedule provides 
to both the BLM and the applicant/holder in determining rent for right-
of-way facilities on public lands. (We note that under this final rule 
the holder has the option to complete an appraisal report to determine 
one-time rent for perpetual grants or easements under sections 2806.25, 
2806.26, and 2885.22. In these cases, involving lands to be transferred 
out of Federal ownership, the appraisal report could establish an EF 
lower than 50 percent (see section 2806.25(d)). In determining an 
appropriate EF for the final rule, the BLM has also given consideration 
to the fact that the BLM grants rights-of-way for a specified term, 
usually 20 to 30 years and that the rights granted are subject to 
renewal, relinquishment, abandonment, termination, or modification 
during the term of the grant. We also recognize that the grants issued 
for right-of-way facilities are non-exclusive, i.e., the BLM reserves 
the right to authorize other uses within a right-of-way area, as long 
as the uses are compatible. Given these considerations, and the 
research and analysis cited above, along with consideration of public 
comments and published information, the BLM has determined that a 50 
percent EF is a reasonable and appropriate component for use in the 
rent formula for linear right-of-way facilities located on public 
lands.

Rate of Return

    The rate of return component used in the Per Acre Rent Schedule 
reflects the relationship of income to property value, as modified by 
any adjustments to property value, such as the EF discussed above. The 
BLM reviewed a number of appraisal reports that indicated that the rate 
of return for land can vary from 7 to 12 percent, and is typically 
around 10 percent. These rates take into account certain risk 
considerations, i.e., the possibility of not receiving or losing future 
income benefits, and do not normally include an allowance for 
inflation. However, a holder seeking a right-of-way from the BLM must 
show that it is financially able to construct and operate the facility. 
In addition, the BLM can require surety or performance bonds from the 
holder to ensure compliance with the terms and conditions of the 
authorization, including any rental obligations. This reduces the risk 
and should allow the BLM to use a ``safe rate of return'' e.g., the 
prevailing rate on insured savings accounts or guaranteed government 
securities that include an allowance for inflation.
    The rate of return for the previous rent schedule was 6.41 percent, 
which was the 1-year Treasury Securities ``Constant Maturity'' rate for 
June 30, 1986. In response to the ANPR, two commenters stated that this 
rate of return is an acceptable rate of return for right-of-way uses on 
public lands. Another ANPR commenter stated that the Treasury-bill (T-
bill) rate of 6.41 percent in the current rent schedule is not 
unreasonably high given current T-bill rates around 5 percent. This 
commenter also stated that an annual adjustment of the T-bill rate 
would lead to uncertainty in rental fees, which would have a negative 
impact on utilities and customers, and duplicates the changes reflected 
in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) index. Land values tend to move 
opposite to the T-bill rate, the commenter noted, so including this 
update in the formula would lead to overly-large rental rates. 
According to this commenter, a better approach would be to use the 10-
year average of the 1-year T-bill rates. Three commenters supported 
updating the rate of return annually, using some multi-year average of 
the 1-year T-bill rates. The ANPR commenters said that this approach 
would provide for a current rate of return, while avoiding abrupt 
changes.
    Given the above considerations, the BLM proposed that an initial 
rate of return based on the 10-year average (1992-2001) of the U.S. 30-
year Treasury bond yield rate would be reasonable since most right-of-
way authorizations are issued for a term of 30 years. The BLM chose the 
10-year period from 1992-2001 since it was the 10-year period 
immediately preceding the establishment of the 2002 base rent schedule. 
The ``initial'' rate in the proposed rule (6.47 percent) would have 
been effective through 2011, and then would have adjusted automatically 
to the then-existing 10-year average (2002-2011) of the U.S. 30-year 
Treasury bond yield rate. This method of establishing the rate of 
return eliminates a ``one-point-in-time'' high or low rate with a rate 
that reflects an average over the preceding decade. The proposed rule 
would have allowed for use of the 10-year average of the U.S. 20-year 
Treasury bond yield rate if the 30-year U.S. Treasury bond yield rate 
were not available. In the proposed rule, the BLM specifically asked 
for comment regarding the method that we proposed to establish the 
initial rate of return and how we proposed to update it every ten 
years.
    We received several comments in support of the proposed 6.47 
percent rate of return and the use of the 10-year average of the U.S. 
30-year Treasury bond yield rate to establish the initial rate of 
return. However, two commenters suggested using more current rates: One 
recommended using the one-year Treasury bill rate, while the other 
recommended using the most current 30-year Treasury bond yield. The BLM 
agrees that we should use the most current rates, so that the rate of 
return reflects the most recent value of money, but a 10-year average 
is more appropriate than a rate selected from one point in time. As a 
result, in the final rule, the BLM revised the rate of return downward 
from 6.47 percent (the 10-year average from 1992 to 2001 of the 30-year 
Treasury bond yield) to 5.27 percent, which is the most current 10-year 
average (1998-2008) of the 30-year and 20-year Treasury bond yield 
rate.
    The BLM also agrees with the commenter who stated that a periodic 
adjustment of the T-bill rate, as proposed in section 2806.22(c), would 
lead to uncertainty in rental fees, which would have a negative impact 
on utilities and customers and duplicate the changes reflected in the 
GDP index. The commenter stated that land values tend to move in 
opposite directions to the T-bill rate, so including this variable in 
the formula could lead to overly-large rental rate increases when 
compared to other economic forces, instead of reflecting current land 
values as directed by the Act. The BLM agrees and since the rate of 
return is established by this rule, we will not adjust the 5.27 percent 
rate of return in the final rule except through new rulemaking.

[[Page 65049]]

2002 (Base Year) Per Acre Rent Schedule

    Based upon the above discussion establishing the final per acre 
zone values, encumbrance factor, and rate of return, the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule for the base year, calendar year 2002, is shown in Table 4:

                                      Table 4--2002 Per Acre Rent Schedule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                               Per acre rent for
                                                                                                  all types of
                                                                                                linear right-of-
                                                                                                 way facilities
                                                                                                  issued under
                                                            Encumbrance       Rate of return    either FLPMA or
       County zone number and per acre zone value        factor  (percent)      (percent)         MLA or their
                                                                                                predecessors. To
                                                                                                  be adjusted
                                                                                                  annually for
                                                                                                 changes in the
                                                                                                    IPD-GDP
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Zone 1 $250............................................                 50               5.27              $6.59
Zone 2 $500............................................                 50               5.27              13.18
Zone 3 $1,000..........................................                 50               5.27              26.35
Zone 4 $1,500..........................................                 50               5.27              39.53
Zone 5 $2,000..........................................                 50               5.27              52.70
Zone 6 $3,000..........................................                 50               5.27              79.05
Zone 7 $5,000..........................................                 50               5.27             131.75
Zone 8 $10,000.........................................                 50               5.27             263.50
Zone 9 $20,000.........................................                 50               5.27             527.00
Zone 10 $30,000........................................                 50               5.27             790.50
Zone 11 $50,000........................................                 50               5.27           1,317.50
Zone 12 $100,000.......................................                 50               5.27           2,635.00
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As discussed above, the most recent NASS Census data available is 
for calendar year 2002 and those data, in conjunction with the final 
per acre zone values, encumbrance factor, and rate of return, are used 
to develop the initial or base Per Acre Rent Schedule. In summary, 
final section 2806.20 explains that the base 2002 Per Acre Rent 
Schedule will be adjusted annually in accordance with section 
2806.22(a) and revised at the end of each 10-year period (starting with 
the base year of 2002) in accordance with section 2806.22(b). These 
adjustments to the 2002 Per Acre Rent Schedule, as well as the Per Acre 
Rent Schedule for calendar years 2008 through 2015, are discussed 
below.
    Section 2806.20 further explains that counties (or other 
geographical areas) would be assigned toan appropriate zone under 
section 2806.21. The reference to proposed section 2806.22(c) has been 
removed from final section 2806.20 because proposed section 2806.22(c) 
has not been adopted in the final rule. Proposed section 2806.22(c) 
allowed for the rate of return to be adjusted at the end of each 10-
year period. In the final rule, the rate of return will remain at 5.27 
percent unless revised through new rulemaking. The reasons for this 
change are provided in the ``Rate of Return'' section above, as well as 
in final section 2806.22 below.
    Finally, section 2806.20 explains that you may obtain a copy of the 
current Per Acre Rent Schedule from any BLM state or field office or by 
writing: Director, BLM, 1849 C St., NW., Mail Stop 1000 LS, Washington, 
DC 20240. The BLM also posts the current rent schedule on the BLM 
Homepage on the Internet at http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/leaving.cgi?from=leavingFR.html&log=linklog&to=http://www.blm.gov. Because current 
schedules are easily available, the BLM does not intend to publish an 
updated Per Acre Rent Schedule each year in the Federal Register.
Section 2806.21 When and how are counties or other geographical areas 
assigned to a County Zone Number and Per Acre Zone Value?
    This section explains that counties (or other geographical areas) 
are assigned a county zone number and per acre zone value in the Per 
Acre Rent Schedule based upon 80 percent of their per acre land and 
building value published in the Census of Agriculture by the NASS (see 
discussion above regarding this 80 percent figure). The initial 
assignment of counties to the zones will cover years 2006 through 2010 
of the Per Acre Rent Schedule and is based on data contained in the 
most recent NASS Census (2002). We use the year 2006 as the initial 
year for the assignment of counties because it takes 18 months for the 
NASS to compile and publish Census data, and in the final rule we 
provide 18 months of advanced notice prior to any possible re-
assignment of counties using new NASS Census data (for a total of 3 
years). Therefore, the initial assignment of counties based on the 2002 
NASS Census data could not have occurred until 2006. For example, San 
Juan County, New Mexico, has a 2002 NASS Census per acre land and 
building value of $324. Since 80 percent of this amount ($259) falls 
between $251 and $500, San Juan County is assigned to Zone 2 on the Per 
Acre Rent Schedule for the 5-year time period from 2006 through 2010. 
This section also explains that subsequent re-assignments of counties 
are possible every 5 years (2011, 2016, 2021, 2026, and so forth) 
following the publication of the NASS Census.
    As discussed previously, we received many comments requesting a 
reduction in the NASS Census per acre land and building value. However, 
several commenters also stated that the re-assignment of counties each 
five-year period with less than one year's notice would expose utility 
and pipeline companies to frequent and potentially unpredictable fee 
adjustments. Other commenters stated that utility companies needed more 
advance notice of any re-assignment of counties to new zones on the 
rent schedule than the proposed rule allowed (less than one year) to 
allow adequate planning, budgeting, and recovery of costs associated 
with potentially large fee increases. The BLM agrees with the 
commenters that it is reasonable to allow additional time between the 
publication of the NASS Census data and any re-assignment of counties 
to their proper rental zones to allow companies to adjust budgets and 
recover

[[Page 65050]]

costs associated with the increases. We considered several time periods 
(from 1 to 5 additional years) and concluded that 1 additional year is 
sufficient advance notice to plan, budget, and recover any additional 
costs associated with the re-assignment of counties. As a result, we 
used the year 2006 as the initial year for the assignment of counties 
based on the 2002 NASS Census data (see above discussion). Likewise, 
the next scheduled NASS Census will be for calendar year 2007, but the 
data will not be published until approximately June 2009. Any re-
assignment of the counties under the proposed rule would have occurred 
in rental year 2010. However, in the final rule, the re-assignment of 
counties will occur in year 2011, providing a full 18 months of notice 
as compared to only 6 months of advance notice under the proposed rule. 
For example, if 80 percent of the average per acre land and building 
value of San Juan County stays between $251 and $500 in the 2007 NASS 
Census, San Juan County would remain in Zone 2 on the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule for calendar years 2011 through 2015. However, if 80 percent 
of the average per acre land and building value were to drop to $240, 
San Juan County would be re-assigned to Zone 1 on the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule for calendar years 2011 through 2015, instead of calendar 
years 2010 through 2014, as proposed. Likewise, if 80 percent of the 
average per acre land and building value were to increase to $640, San 
Juan County would be re-assigned to Zone 3 on the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule for calendar years 2011 through 2015.
    In summary, we revised proposed section 2806.21 in the final rule 
to account for the assignment of counties into the zones on the linear 
rent schedule based on 80 percent of the average per acre land and 
building value contained in the NASS Census, instead of 100 percent. In 
addition, the re-assignment of counties to the zones in the per acre 
rent schedule has been delayed by one year (as discussed above) to 
provide adequate time for holders to budget and recover any additional 
costs that may result from being placed into a higher zone based upon 
new NASS Census data each five-year period.
    The adjusted 2002 NASS Census per acre land and building value for 
each county and the corresponding zone number in the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule (based on 80 percent of the NASS Census data) are listed for 
informational purposes at the end of this final rule.
Section 2806.22 When and how does the Per Acre Rent Schedule change?
    This section explains that the BLM will adjust the per acre rent in 
section 2806.20 for all types of linear right-of-way facilities in each 
zone each calendar year based on the average annual change in the 
Implicit Price Deflator-Gross Domestic Product (IPD-GDP) for the 10-
year period immediately preceding the year that the NASS Census data 
becomes available. For example, the average annual change in the IPD-
GDP from 1994 to 2003 (the 10-year period immediately preceding the 
year (2004) that the 2002 NASS Census data became available) is 1.9 
percent. This annual adjustment factor is applied to years 2006 through 
2015 of the Per Acre Rent Schedule to coincide with the time periods 
that counties are assigned a county zone number and per acre zone value 
in the Per Acre Rent Schedule based first on the 2002 NASS Census data 
(2006-2010) and secondly, on the 2007 NASS Census data (2011-2015). 
Likewise, the average annual change in the IPD-GDP from 2004 to 2013 
(the 10-year period immediately preceding the year (2014) when the 2012 
NASS Census data will become available) will be applied to years 2016 
through 2025 of the Per Acre Rent Schedule. The annual price index 
component used in the Per Acre Rent Schedule allows the rent per acre 
amount to stay current with inflationary or deflationary trends. If the 
rent schedule were not based on the ``zone'' concept, where county per 
acre land values were placed into a corresponding zone value, the price 
index adjustment would not be necessary, assuming the county per acre 
land values were kept current. However, since the Act directs the BLM 
to ``revise the per acre rental fee zone value schedule by state, 
county, and type of linear right-of-way use to reflect current values 
of land in each zone,'' the final rule retains the zone concept as well 
as the annual price index adjustment.
    The previous Per Acre Rent Schedule was adjusted annually by the 
change in the IPD-GDP index from the second quarter to the second 
quarter. From the initial rent schedule in 1987 to the rent schedule 
for 2007, the change in the IPD-GDP index increased the rent per acre 
amounts by 62.2 percent. In comparison, the Consumer Price Index--for 
all Urban Consumers (CPI-U) index increased 85.8 percent for the same 
period. Because the growth rate for the IPD-GDP is generally less than 
that for the CPI-U, one ANPR commenter suggested using half of the CPI-
U index rather than the current 100 percent of the IPD-GDP as the CPI-U 
is more easily available. The commenter said that halving the CPI-U 
number is in line with the lesser IPD-GDP and allows for a 
normalization of the annual index adjustment while still allowing for 
increases with inflation.
    Two ANPR commenters stated that the payment due date (January 1) 
comes less than one month after the payment amount is announced in 
December. The commenters recommended using an earlier-published index 
than the current one (July of each year). Another ANPR commenter stated 
that the IPD-GDP is reported as a national number only and does not 
reflect any potential regional changes in the price level.
    In the proposed rule, we chose the CPI-U because it is one of the 
most common indexes used by economists and the Federal Government to 
reflect inflationary and deflationary trends in the economy as a whole. 
It is also one of the most recognizable and familiar indexes to the 
American consumer and it can be easily obtained from published sources 
by both Federal agencies and the American public.
    The BLM received several comments on the proposed use of the CPI-U 
index instead of the IPD-GDP. Nearly all commenters on the proposed 
rule supported the continued use of the IPD-GDP instead of the CPI-U 
index. Two commenters stated that the CPI-U only measures inflation 
felt by consumers and does not include price inflation for other parts 
of the economy. The commenters stated that the IPD-GDP reflects a much 
broader range of inflation and is more appropriate to track increases 
in land values. In addition, several commenters stated that holders 
whose rental obligations exceed several million dollars annually must 
have more advance notice (or predictability) of their obligations for 
proper planning, budgeting, and recovery of these fees.
    The BLM made two changes in the annual index adjustment factor from 
the proposed rule to the final rule. First, we changed the annual index 
adjustment factor from the CPI-U to the IPD-GDP because we agree with 
some of the commenters that the IPD-GDP index tracks increases in land 
values as well as, if not better than, the CPI-U. For example, in the 
last 5 years when land values have risen nearly 80 percent nationally, 
the IPD-GDP (which normally lags behind the CPI-U) has increased 
slightly more than the CPI-U (14 percent to 13.6 percent, 
respectively). In addition, the IPD-GDP tracks a broader range of 
economic indicators than does the CPI-U, and is just as easy to track 
on an annual basis as the CPI-U. Secondly, in order to

[[Page 65051]]

provide the predictability requested by several commenters (and which 
the BLM agrees is necessary), we changed how the annual index factor is 
calculated and how it is applied in the final rent schedule. In the 
final rule the annual index adjustment is based on the average annual 
change in the IPD-GDP for the 10-year period immediately preceding the 
year (2004) that the 2002 NASS Census data became available (or 1.9 
percent). This figure (1.9 percent) can then be applied for calendar 
years 2006 through 2015 to provide the predictability in the rent 
schedule requested by many of the commenters. The BLM will recalculate 
the annual index adjustment in 2014 based on the average annual change 
in the IPD-GDP from 2004 to 2013 (the 10-year period immediately 
preceding the year (2014) when the 2012 NASS Census data will become 
available) and will apply it to years 2016 through 2025 of the Per Acre 
Rent Schedule to provide the predictability requested by many of the 
commenters. In summary, these changes provide the predictability 
advocated by several commenters and uses an index that better reflects 
changing land values and other broad indicators of economic trends.
    Table 5 shows how the IPD-GDP index has been applied to the 2002 
``Base Year'' rent schedule (see Table 4) and subsequent years through 
2007 to arrive at the final Per Acre Rent Schedules for years 2008 
through 2015 (see Table 6). Table 5 is included here only to show how 
the final Per Acre Rent Schedule (Table 6) was developed. The BLM will 
not use the per acre rent values shown in Table 5 for any rent 
calculation purposes. (Rent paid for years 2002-2007 under the previous 
schedule would not be recalculated using the rates in Table 5).

                                                       Table 5--2002-2007 Per Acre Rent Schedules
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     2003 per acre   2004 per acre   2005 per acre
                                                                       rent (2.1       rent (2.9       rent (3.2     2006 * per acre     2007 per acre
                                                     2002 per acre   percent IPD-    percent IPD-    percent IPD-   rent (1.9 percent  rent (1.9 percent
    County zone number and per acre zone value        rent  (base    GDP increase    GDP increase    GDP increase   IPD-GDP increase-- IPD-GDP increase--
                                                         year)      from preceding  from preceding  from preceding    average annual     average annual
                                                                         year)           year)           year)        increase from      increase from
                                                                                                                        1994-2003)         1994-2003)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Zone 1 $250.......................................           $6.59           $6.73           $6.92           $7.14             $7.28              $7.42
Zone 2 $500.......................................           13.18           13.45           13.84           14.28             14.56              14.83
Zone 3 $1,000.....................................           26.35           26.90           27.68           28.57             29.11              29.67
Zone 4 $1,500.....................................           39.53           40.36           41.53           42.85             43.67              44.50
Zone 5 $2,000.....................................           52.70           53.81           55.37           57.14             58.22              59.33
Zone 6 $3,000.....................................           79.05           80.71           83.05           85.71             87.34              89.00
Zone 7 $5,000.....................................          131.75          134.52          138.42          142.85            145.56             148.33
Zone 8 $10,000....................................          263.50          269.03          276.84          285.69            291.12             296.65
Zone 9 $20,000....................................          527.00          538.07          553.67          571.39            582.24             593.31
Zone 10 $30,000...................................          790.50          807.10          830.51          857.08            873.37             889.96
Zone 11 $50,000...................................        1,317.50        1,345.17        1,384.18        1,428.47          1,455.61           1,483.27
Zone 12 $100,000..................................        2,635.00        2,690.34        2,768.35        2,856.94          2,911.22          2,966.54
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Counties are assigned to appropriate zones for calendar years 2006-2010 based upon 2002 NASS Census Data (80% of average per acre land and building
  value).

    We use 2002 as the base year, or beginning point, for the final 
rent schedule because the most recent NASS Census data is for 2002. The 
annual index adjustment for calendar years 2003 through 2005 is based 
on the previous year's change in the IPD-GDP, i.e., 2.1 percent, 2.9 
percent, and 3.2 percent, respectively. However, in order to provide 
the predictability suggested by some commenters and as explained above, 
the annual index adjustment for calendar years 2006 through 2015 is 
based on the average annual change in the IPD-GDP for the 10-year 
period immediately preceding the year (2004) that the 2002 NASS Census 
data became available, or 1.9 percent. We can therefore extend the Per 
Acre Rent Schedule into the future through calendar year 2015 as shown 
in Table 6.

                                                                           Table 6--2008-2015 Per Acre Rent Schedules
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           2008 * per acre     2009 per acre      2010 per acre     2011 ** per acre    2012 per acre      2013 per acre      2014 per acre      2015 per acre
                                          rent (1.9 percent  rent (1.9 percent  rent (1.9 percent  rent (1.9 percent  rent (1.9 percent  rent (1.9 percent  rent (1.9 percent  rent (1.9 percent
  County zone number and per acre zone    IPD-GDP increase-- IPD-GDP increase-- IPD-GDP increase-- IPD-GDP increase-- IPD-GDP increase-- IPD-GDP increase-- IPD-GDP increase-- IPD-GDP increase--
                  value                     average annual     average annual     average annual     average annual     average annual     average annual     average annual     average annual
                                            increase from      increase from      increase from      increase from      increase from      increase from      increase from      increase from
                                              1994-2003)         1994-2003)         1994-2003)         1994-2003)         1994-2003)         1994-2003)         1994-2003)         1994-2003)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Zone 1 $250.............................           $7.56              $7.70              $7.85              $8.00              $8.15              $8.30              $8.46              $8.62
Zone 2 $500.............................           15.11              15.40              15.69              15.99              16.30              16.61              16.92              17.24
Zone 3 $1,000...........................           30.23              30.80              31.39              31.99              32.59              33.21              33.84              34.49
Zone 4 $1,500...........................           45.34              46.21              47.08              47.98              48.89              49.82              50.76              51.73
Zone 5 $2,000...........................           60.46              61.61              62.78              63.97              65.19              66.42              67.69              68.97
Zone 6 $3,000...........................           90.69              92.41              94.17              95.96              97.78              99.64             101.53             103.46
Zone 7 $5,000...........................          151.15             154.02             156.94             159.93             162.96             166.06             169.22             172.43
Zone 8 $10,000..........................          302.29             308.03             313.89             319.85             325.93             332.12             338.43             344.86
Zone 9 $20,000..........................          604.58             616.07             627.77             639.70             651.85             664.24             676.86             689.72
Zone 10 $30,000.........................          906.87             924.10             941.66             959.55             977.78             996.36           1,015.29           1,034.58

[[Page 65052]]


Zone 11 $50,000.........................        1,511.45           1,540.17           1,569.43           1,599.25           1,629.64           1,660.60           1,692.15           1,724.30
Zone 12 $100,000........................        3,022.90           3,080.34           3,138.86           3,198.50           3,259.27           3,321.20           3,384.30          3,448.60
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Counties are assigned to appropriate zones for calendar years 2008-2010 based upon 2002 NASS Census Data (80% of average per acre land and building value).
** Counties are re-assigned to appropriate zones for calendar years 2011-2015 based on 2007 NASS Census Data (80% of average per acre land and building value).

    The annual index adjustment will then be recalculated in 2014 and 
each subsequent 10-year period based on the average annual change in 
the IPD-GDP for the 10-year period immediately preceding the year 
(2014, 2024, 2034, etc.) when the NASS Census data becomes available. 
For example, the annual index adjustment will next be recalculated in 
2014 (when the 2012 NASS Census data becomes available) based on the 
average annual change in the IPD-GDP from 2004 to 2013 (the 10-year 
period immediately preceding the year (2014) when the 2012 NASS Census 
data becomes available) and will be applied annually to the Per Acre 
Rent Schedules for calendar years 2016 through 2025. In the event that 
the NASS Census stops being published, or is otherwise unavailable, 
then the only changes to the rent schedule will be the annual index 
adjustment (see section 2806.22(a)) until a new rent schedule is 
developed through rulemaking.
    Section 2806.22 also explains that the BLM would review the NASS 
Census data from the 2012 NASS Census, and each subsequent 10-year 
period, and if appropriate, revise the number of county zones and the 
per acre zone value. Any revision must include 100 percent of the 
number of counties and listed geographical areas for all states and the 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and must reasonably reflect their average 
per acre land and building values (less the 20 percent reduction) 
contained in the NASS Census. The BLM may revise the number of zones 
and the per acre zone value in the 2002 base Per Acre Rent Schedule 
(section 2806.20(a)) following the publication of the 2012 NASS Census. 
Since the 2012 NASS Census data will not be available until early to 
mid 2014, based on current timeframes, any revision would be applicable 
to the calendar year 2016 rent schedule. Although the NASS Census 
occurs at 5-year intervals, the revision of the number of zones and the 
per acre zone value will occur each 10-year period after publication of 
the NASS Census data in 2012, 2022, 2032, and so forth. Based on 
historic trends in average per acre land values, the BLM does not 
foresee that it would be necessary to revise the Per Acre Rent Schedule 
after each NASS Census period. The BLM finds, however, that it would 
likely be necessary to revise the Per Acre Rent Schedule after every 
other NASS Census period (each 10-year period) in order to keep the 
schedule current with existing per acre land values.
    The one-year delay (2016) in implementing the revised rent schedule 
based on data from the 2012 NASS Census is a change from the proposed 
rule, which stated that the revised schedule would be effective in 
calendar year 2015. We revised the final rule to provide holders with 
more notice and time to plan, budget, and recover potentially 
significant rent increases resulting from the revisions to the rent 
schedule at 10-year intervals. The one-year delay to 2016 in 
implementing the revised rent schedule based on data from the 2012 NASS 
Census is also consistent with the one-year delay in the reassignment 
of counties potentially made each 5 years after the availability of the 
NASS Census data. The re-assignment of counties will be effective for 
calendar years 2011, 2016, 2021, 2026, and so forth (see the discussion 
for section 2806.21).
    We also revised final section 2806.22 by deleting proposed 
paragraph (c) which would have adjusted the rate of return after each 
10-year period. We removed this provision based on the need (as 
expressed by several commenters) to provide greater predictability of 
future rental amounts and to ensure that future adjustments are 
primarily based on changes in land values and not other economic 
factors (see the discussion under ``Rate of Return'').
    The adjustments provided by this section will keep the Per Acre 
Rent Schedule current relative to average per acre land value as 
directed by the Act. In addition, since the adjustments provide one 
additional year of advance notice on county re-assignments (each 5-year 
period), and one additional year of advance notice on the revision of 
the number of zones and zone values (each 10-year period), the changes 
should not be either burdensome to administer or surprising in their 
outcome.
Section 2806.23 How will BLM calculate my rent for linear rights-of-way 
the Per Acre Rent Schedule covers?
    Final section 2806.23(a) explains that (except as provided by 
sections 2806.25 and 2806.26) the BLM calculates rent by multiplying 
the rent per acre for the appropriate county (or other geographical 
area) zone from the current schedule by the number of acres (as rounded 
up to the nearest tenth of an acre) in the right-of-way area that fall 
in each zone and multiplying the result by the number of years in the 
rental payment period. The final rent calculation methodology is 
identical to the proposed methodology except for changing the phrase 
``rental period'' to ``rental payment period'' (the length of time for 
which the holder is paying rent) to make the rule clearer. An example 
explaining how the methodology will be applied follows: An existing 
pipeline right-of-way in New Mexico occupies 0.74 acres of public land 
in McKinley County and 4.8 acres of public land in San Juan County. The 
2002 NASS Census indicates that the average per acre land and building 
value for McKinley County is $75 (Zone 1 on the Per Acre Rent Schedule 
($75 x .80 = $60)) and $324 for San Juan County (or Zone 2 ($324 x .80 
= $259) on the Per Acre Rent Schedule). The per acre rent value for 
calendar year 2008 for Zone 1 is $7.56 and for Zone 2 it is $15.11. The 
2008 annual rent for the portion of the

[[Page 65053]]

right-of-way in Zone 1 (McKinley County) is $6.05 (0.74 acres (rounded 
up to 0.8 acres) multiplied by $7.56 = $6.05). The 2008 annual rent for 
the portion of the right-of-way in Zone 2 (San Juan County) is $72.53 
(4.8 acres multiplied by $15.11 = $72.53). The total 2008 rent for the 
entire grant would be $78.58. Regardless of whether the holder is an 
individual or business entity, given that the annual rent is $100 or 
less, the holder can only pay for the entire remaining term of the 
grant, or pay rent at 10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the 
grant (see section 2806.24).
    Final section 2806.23(b) provides for the phase-in of the initial 
implementation of the Per Acre Rent Schedule by reducing the 2009 per 
acre rent by 25 percent. Lastly, this section explains that if the BLM 
has not previously used the rent schedule to calculate your rent, we 
may do so after giving you reasonable written notice.
    We received two comments on this proposed section. Both commenters 
suggested that we include the word ``payment'' when referring to the 
``rental period'' in section 2806.23(a) so that the phrase reads 
``rental payment period'' to denote the length of time for which the 
holder is paying rent. The commenters stated that some holders may 
confuse the phrase ``rental period'' to be the term of the grant 
instead of the length of time for which the holder is paying rent. We 
agree that this change improves clarity and have made this change in 
the final rule.
    We received no other comments on this section, but we did request 
comments in the proposed rule at section 2885.20 on the need for a 
phase-in provision for FLPMA and MLA grants. As a result of those 
comments (see discussion for section 2885.20(b)), we have added final 
section 2806.23(b) which provides for a phase-in of the initial 
implementation of the Per Acre Rent Schedule by reducing the 2009 per 
acre rent by 25 percent. In calendar year 2009, all holders will pay 75 
percent of the scheduled rental rates, and thereafter, 100 percent of 
the scheduled rental rates.
    The BLM does not expect the rental increases to be financially 
burdensome for most holders. We believe that several provisions added 
to the final rule (an additional 1-year advance notice of potentially 
large rental increases, reducing the NASS Census land and building 
value for each county by 20 percent, reducing the rate of return by 
18.5 percent (from 6.47 percent to 5.27 percent), reducing the 
threshold from $1,000 to $500 for payment of annual rent instead of 10-
year rental payments, and waiving 25 percent of the calendar year 2009 
rental rates for all authorization holders), in conjunction with the 
more flexible rent payment options described in final sections 2806.24 
and 2885.21, as well as the existing hardship provision found at 
section 2806.15(c), will provide appropriate relief from any large, 
unexpected increases in rent payments that are due to implementation of 
the revised linear rent schedule.
Section 2806.24 How must I make rental payments for a linear grant?
    Final section 2806.24(a) explains that for linear grants, except 
those issued in perpetuity, you must make either nonrefundable annual 
payments or a nonrefundable payment for more than 1 year, as follows:
    (1) One-time payments. You may pay in advance the total rent amount 
for the entire term of the grant or any remaining years.
    (2) Multiple payments. If you choose not to make a one-time 
payment, you must pay according to one of the following methods:
    (i) Payments by individuals. If your annual rent is $100 or less, 
you must pay at 10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the grant. 
If your annual rent is greater than $100, you may pay annually or at 
10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the grant. For example, if 
you have a grant with a term of 30 years, you may pay in advance for 10 
years, 20 years, or 30 years, but not 15 years.
    (ii) Payments by all others. If your annual rent is $500 or less, 
you must pay rent at 10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the 
grant. If your annual rent is greater than $500, you may pay annually 
or at 10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the grant.
    Final section 2806.24(a) replaces the rent payment options in 
previous section 2806.23(a). Previously, only individual grant-holders 
with annual rent in excess of $100 had the option to pay their rent 
annually or at multi-year intervals of their choice. All other grant 
holders had to pay a one-time rent payment for the term of the grant or 
pay rent at 10-year intervals not to exceed the term of the grant. 
These provisions were incorporated in the 2005 regulations to help 
reduce or eliminate costs associated with the billing and collection of 
annual rent to both the BLM and the holder. However, many holders 
pointed out that making rent payments, especially for existing grants, 
for 10- to 30-year terms (100 years for grants issued in perpetuity) 
can be an extreme financial hardship, especially for small business 
entities operating on limited annual budgets.
    For FLPMA authorizations, the BLM has some ability to address these 
issues under the ``undue hardship'' provisions in current section 
2806.15(c), but this process can be burdensome on the holders, requires 
approval of the appropriate BLM State Director, and is not available to 
holders of MLA authorizations. Several holders of MLA authorizations 
pointed out that the annual rent payment for some of their grants 
exceed $10,000, and in at least one case, the annual rent is in excess 
of $100,000, which would have required them to make minimum rent 
payments between $100,000 and $1,000,000 for a 10-year rental payment 
period. These holders have suggested that corporations and business 
entities be given rent payment options similar to those of individuals, 
except with a higher annual rental threshold of $500 or $1,000, instead 
of the $100 threshold available to individual holders.
    Three commenters on the ANPR said they supported flexible term-
payment schedules (annual payments, 5-year payments, 10-year payments) 
for all authorizations, especially those with annual rent greater than 
$500. Several commenters said that the BLM should include a 3- to 6- 
year phase-in period, along with more flexible rent payment periods, in 
order to provide relief from a large or unexpected increase in 
individual rental payments. One commenter on the proposed rule 
supported the rent payment periods as proposed, while one commenter 
said that the $1,000 threshold is too high and should be set no higher 
than $500. The commenter stated that there are more and more ``other 
than individuals'' entities that are very small operations for which 
the proposed regulations can cause a financial hardship. The BLM agrees 
that the $1,000 threshold may be excessive for some small business 
holders who would have to pay nearly $10,000 (for a 10-year period) if 
their annual bill were just less than $1,000. By reducing the threshold 
to $500, the maximum 10-year bill would be $4,990, an amount that may 
cause less financial hardship to small business operators. Therefore, 
in the final rule the $1,000 threshold for payment of annual rent has 
been reduced to $500. This change should have positive impacts to small 
businesses that may not have the necessary capital to make long-term 
rental payments.
    In summary, under final section 2806.24(a), the holder retains the 
option to pay rent for the entire term of the grant, except for grants 
issued in perpetuity. No changes in rent payment

[[Page 65054]]

options are made for those holders who are considered ``individuals'' 
with the exception that if the annual rent is greater than $100, you 
may pay annually or at 10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the 
grant. The final rule eliminates the option for individuals with annual 
rent greater than $100 to pay at multiple-year intervals of their 
choice. An ``individual'' does not include any business entity, e.g., 
partnerships, corporations, associations, or any similar business 
arrangements. However, the BLM agrees that ``non-individuals'' need to 
have more flexible rent payment options, especially those holders whose 
annual rent payment is in excess of $500. Under the final rule, when 
this threshold is met, the holder (non-individual) has the option to 
pay its rent on an annual basis, or at 10-year intervals, not to exceed 
the term of the grant. For example, the holder of a 25-year grant (a 
grant issued on May 25, 2005, for a 25-year period would expire on 
December 31, 2029) whose annual rent is $2,000 would have the option 
upon grant issuance to make annual payments of $2,000 plus annual index 
adjustments (the initial rent period would be for a 7-month period or a 
rent payment of $1,166.67). The holder could also choose to make a 
payment in advance for 10 years (total payment of $19,166.67 (9 years + 
7 months); for 20 years (total payment of $39,166.67 (19 years + 7 
months); or for the entire 25 years (total payment of $49,166.67 (24 
years + 7 months), but not for any other multi-year period. If the 
holder's annual rent is $500 or less, the holder (non-individual) must 
pay rent at 10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the grant. If 
rent is not paid for the full term, subsequent rental payments will be 
based on the changes to the rental schedule as described in section 
2806.21 (the re-assignment of counties each 5-year period) and section 
2806.22 (the annual CPI-U index adjustment and/or the adjustment to the 
number and value of rental zones each 10-year period), but the $100 and 
$500 thresholds used to determine the eligibility for annual payments 
by individuals and business entities, respectively, will not be 
adjusted.
    Final section 2806.24(b) explains that for linear grants issued in 
perpetuity (except as noted in sections 2806.25 and 2806.26), you must 
make either nonrefundable annual payments or a nonrefundable payment 
for more than 1 year, as follows:
    (1) Payments by individuals. If your annual rent is $100 or less, 
you must pay at 10-year intervals, not to exceed 30 years. Under this 
provision, you have the option to pay for a 10-year term, a 20-year 
term, or a 30-year term. No other terms are available. If your annual 
rent is greater than $100, you may pay annually or at 10-year intervals 
(10-year term, 20-year term, or 30-year term), not to exceed 30 years. 
Again, no other terms are available.
    (2) Payments by all others. If your annual rent is $500 or less, 
you must pay rent at 10-year intervals, not to exceed 30 years. Under 
this section, you have the option to pay for a 10-year term, a 20-year 
term, or a 30-year term. No other terms are available. If your annual 
rent is greater than $500, you may pay annually or at 10-year intervals 
(10-year term, 20-year term, or 30-year term), not to exceed 30 years. 
No other terms are available.
    Final section 2806.24(b) replaces previous section 2806.23(c), 
which gave non-individual holders of a perpetual grant only one rent 
payment option, that is, a one-time payment based on the annual rent 
(either determined from the Per Acre Rent Schedule or from an 
appraisal) multiplied by 100. Holders (non-individuals) of perpetual 
grants had no other option under previous rules but to pay a one-time 
payment that many found to be burdensome. Under the 1987 regulations 
(43 CFR 2803.1-2(a)), holders of grants, including perpetual grants, 
paid either annually or for a 5-year period, but could not make a one-
time payment. This was especially problematic when public land 
encumbered by a perpetual grant was transferred out of Federal 
ownership. The 2005 regulations provided for the one-time payment 
option (see section 2806.23(c)), but did not offer other rent payment 
options, which are necessary for proper administration of those 
perpetual grants already in existence prior to 2005, and which encumber 
land that the BLM intends to administer. Although the term of a FLPMA 
grant can be any length, it is the BLM's policy to adhere strictly to 
the factors listed in current section 2805.11(b) to establish a 
reasonable term. The factors that must be considered in establishing a 
reasonable term include the: (1) Public purpose served; (2) Cost and 
useful life of the facility; (3) Time limitations imposed by licenses 
or permits required by other Federal agencies and state, tribal, or 
local governments; and (4) Time necessary to accomplish the purpose of 
the grant. The BLM's own land use planning horizon is generally only 20 
to 30 years, so it is seldom in the public interest to issue land use 
authorizations which exceed this horizon. In addition, the term of MLA 
grants cannot exceed 30 years (see current section 2885.11(a)).
    Although the BLM now rarely issue grants in perpetuity, except when 
the land encumbered by the grant is being transferred out of Federal 
ownership (see final section 2806.25), we must still be able to 
effectively administer grants that were issued in perpetuity under 
prior authorities (generally pre-FLPMA authorities and the MLA prior to 
1973). Holders of these grants have requested flexible rent payment 
options. Final section 2806.24(b) provides rent payment options which 
are deemed necessary for proper administration of perpetual grants when 
the land is not being transferred out of Federal ownership. In 
addition, final sections 2806.25 and 2806.26 allow you to make a one-
time payment for perpetual grants and perpetual easements, 
respectively, when the land encumbered by the grant or easement is 
being transferred out of Federal ownership.
    We received two comments of support for the rent payment options in 
proposed section 2806.24(b). However, a third commenter suggested that 
holders of perpetual grants should always have the option to make a 
one-time payment, even if the encumbered land is not being transferred 
out of Federal ownership. The BLM disagrees with this suggestion 
because a one-time rental payment for a perpetual grant is not 
significantly greater (in some cases it could even be less) than a one-
time payment for a grant with a term of 30 years. Therefore, it is not 
in the public's interest, in the case of Federally-owned land, to 
forfeit possible future revenues for uses (the siting of right-of-way 
facilities on public land) that may ultimately extend beyond a 30-year 
time period. These subsequent rental receipts will far exceed the 
administrative costs of issuing a new rental bill each 30-year period 
and will continue to provide needed revenues to the U.S. Treasury, and 
to state and local governments (who receive 50 percent of MLA rental 
receipts). Final section 2806.24(b) is the same as proposed.
    Final section 2806.24(c) is also the same as proposed section 
2806.24(c) and previous section 2806.23(b), which explains that the BLM 
considers the first partial calendar year in the initial rent payment 
period to be the first year of the term. The BLM prorates the first 
year rental amount based on the number of months left in the calendar 
year after the effective date of the grant. We received no comments on 
this section and it remains as proposed.

[[Page 65055]]

Section 2806.25 How may I make rental payments when land encumbered by 
my perpetual linear grant (other than an easement issued under Sec.  
2807.15(b)) is being transferred out of Federal ownership?
    Final section 2806.25 explains how you may make one-time rental 
payments for your perpetual linear grant (other than an easement issued 
under section 2807.15(b) (see section 2806.26)) when land encumbered by 
your grant is being transferred out of Federal ownership. Section 
2806.25(a) explains that if you have an existing perpetual grant 
(whether issued under FLPMA or its predecessors) and the land your 
grant encumbers is being transferred out of Federal ownership, you may 
make a one-time rental payment. You are not required to make a one-time 
rental payment, but if you choose to do so, the BLM will determine your 
one-time payment for a perpetual right-of-way grant by dividing the 
current annual rent for the subject property by an overall 
capitalization rate calculated from market data. Under this 
calculation, the overall capitalization rate is the difference between 
a market yield rate and a percent annual rent increase as described in 
the formula below. The formula for this calculation is: One-time rental 
payment = annual rent/(Y-CR), where:

    (1) Annual rent = current annual rent applicable to the subject 
property from the Per Acre Rent Schedule;
    (2) Y = yield rate (rate of return) from the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule (5.27 percent); and
    (3) CR = annual percent change in rent as determined by the most 
recent 10-year average of the difference in the IPD-GDP Index from 
January of one year to January of the following year.

    Section 2806.25(b) explains how you must make a one-time payment 
for term grants converted to a perpetual grant under section 
2807.15(b). If the land your grant encumbers is being transferred out 
of Federal ownership and you request a conversion of your term grant to 
a perpetual right-of-way grant, you will be required to make a one-time 
rental payment in accordance with section 2806.25(a).
    Section 2806.25(c) explains that in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this 
section, the annual rent is determined from the Per Acre Rent Schedule 
(see section 2806.20(c)) as updated under section 2806.22. However, the 
per acre zone value and zone number used in this annual rental 
determination will be based on the per acre zone value from acceptable 
market information or an appraisal, if any, for the land transfer 
action and not the county average per acre land and building value from 
the NASS Census. This section also explains that you may submit an 
appraisal report on your own initiative in accordance with paragraph 
(d).
    Section 2806.25(d) explains that when no acceptable market 
information is available or when no appraisal has been completed for 
the land transfer action or when the BLM requests it, you must prepare 
an appraisal report in accordance with Federal appraisal standards.
    Section 2806.25 is a new section that explains how one-time rental 
payments will be determined for perpetual grants (other than an 
easement issued under section 2807.15(b)) when the land your grant 
encumbers is being transferred out of Federal ownership. It is 
important to note that you are under no obligation to make a one-time 
rental payment for your existing perpetual grant when the land your 
grant encumbers is being transferred out of Federal ownership. If you 
have an existing term or perpetual grant and you have made either 
annual or multi-year payments under section 2806.24, and the land your 
grant encumbers is to be transferred out of Federal ownership, and you 
choose not to make a one-time rental payment to the BLM, you would 
negotiate future rental payments for your grant with the new land owner 
at the appropriate time. However, if you desire to make a one-time 
payment to the BLM prior to the transfer of the land, and you have an 
existing perpetual grant, section 2806.25(a) allows the BLM to 
determine the one-time rental payment by dividing the current annual 
rent for the subject property by an overall capitalization rate 
calculated from market data. Under this calculation, the overall 
capitalization rate is the difference between a market yield rate and a 
percent annual rent increase as described in the formula below. The 
formula for this calculation is: One-time rental payment = annual rent/
(Y-CR), where:

    (1) Annual rent = current annual rent applicable to the subject 
property from the Per Acre Rent Schedule;
    (2) Y = yield rate (rate of return) from the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule (5.27 percent); and
    (3) CR = annual percent change in rent as determined by the most 
recent 10-year average of the difference in the IPD-GDP Index from 
January of one year to January of the following year.

    For example, if the most recent 10-year average of the difference 
in the IPD-GDP index from January of one year to January of the 
following year is 1.27 percent, and since the rate of return is a 
standard 5.27 percent, then the overall capitalization rate is 4.0 
percent (5.27 - 1.27 = 4.0). The one-time rental payment for a 
perpetual right-of-way grant with an annual rent of $36.63 would be 
determined by dividing the annual rent ($36.63) by the overall 
capitalization rate (.04), or $915.75. This methodology of calculating 
rent is known as the income capitalization approach.
    In the proposed rule, the BLM also considered other methods to 
determine a one-time rental payment, including an administrative 
approach similar to previous section 2806.23(c)(1), where a one-time 
payment is determined by multiplying the annual rent by 100. Under this 
approach, a one-time payment for the same right-of-way grant described 
above with an annual rent payment of $36.63 would be $3,663 ($36.63 
multiplied by 100), instead of $915.75. While this approach was 
reasonable when using the previous per acre rent schedule, it would 
have generated an excessively high one-time payment when using current 
land values as directed by the Act. The BLM also considered using a 
discounted cash flow (DCF) method to calculate the present value of the 
projected annual rent payments over a 100-year term, assuming annual 
rent payments are made in advance. The DCF approach would generate a 
one-time payment similar to the income capitalization approach. In the 
above example, a one-time rental payment using the DCF method for the 
same annual rent payment figure of $36.63 would be $953.24 compared to 
$915.75 using the income capitalization approach. In general, the DCF 
formula is more complex and prone to rounding inconsistencies, as 
compared to the income capitalization formula, which is fairly 
straightforward and simple to use.
    The BLM received only a few comments on proposed section 
2806.25(a). Most commenters supported the income capitalization 
approach to determine the one-time rent payment for perpetual grants as 
reasonable. However, two commenters stated that the ``Income Approach'' 
for valuing land is not typically used or allowed under standard 
appraisal practices. The BLM disagrees with the latter comments since 
rental receipts for right-of-way uses (especially rental receipts that 
are specifically based on rural land values as is the case of the Per 
Acre Rent Schedule) are an acceptable indicator of land values under 
Federal appraisal standards.
    Given the above considerations, the BLM believes that the income 
capitalization approach is the most reasonable methodology for 
converting an annual rent payment (with an annual

[[Page 65056]]

adjustment factor) to a one-time payment for a perpetual term. The only 
variable in the final formula is the annual percent change in rent, 
which could be determined on a case-by-case basis. However, to provide 
some certainty, and since the Per Acre Rent Schedule already utilizes 
this component, the BLM believes that using a 10-year average of the 
annual difference in the IPD-GDP index will normalize this variable and 
avoid either abnormally high or low values that can result from using a 
one point-in-time figure. Other than changing the annual index from the 
CPI-U to the IPD-GDP, to be consistent with the annual indexing used in 
the final Per Acre Rent Schedule, the only other change to paragraph 
(a) is the method used to determine the yield rate (or ``Y'' in the 
formula). In the proposed rule, the yield rate would have been 
determined by the most recent 10-year average of the annual 30-year 
Treasury Bond Rate as of January of each year. In the final rule, the 
yield rate (Y) used in the income capitalization formula in sections 
2806.25(a) and 2885.22(a) is a constant 5.27 percent, again to be 
consistent with the constant rate of return utilized in the final Per 
Acre Rent Schedule. As such, the rate of return will not be adjusted in 
this formula except by new rulemaking, or whenever a separate appraisal 
report is completed and approved by the BLM under paragraph (d) of this 
section.
    Section 2806.25(b) addresses the situation where there is an 
existing term grant and you ask BLM to convert it to a perpetual FLPMA 
grant under final section 2807.15(b). If you make this request, the BLM 
will treat it as an application for an amendment under current section 
2807.20. If the BLM approves your request to change the term of your 
grant, the BLM will determine the mandatory one-time rental payment as 
explained in paragraph (a) of this section. We received no comments on 
this paragraph and made no changes to the final rule, except to change 
the reference to section 2807.15(c) to 2807.15(b) because of the 
consolidation of proposed paragraph (c) with existing paragraph (b).
    Section 2806.25(c) provides that if the land your grant encumbers 
is being transferred out of Federal ownership and you have a perpetual 
grant and have requested a one-time rental payment, or you have 
requested the BLM to amend your grant to a perpetual grant and seek a 
one-time rental payment, the BLM would base the per acre zone value and 
zone number used in the annual rental determination on the per acre 
land value from the market information or appraisal report used for the 
land transfer action and not the county average per acre land and 
building value from the NASS Census. The BLM believes that when the 
land a grant encumbers is being transferred out of Federal ownership, 
the most accurate and current market data should be used to determine 
the one-time rental payment. For example, for Clark County, Nevada, 80 
percent of the average per acre land and building value from the 2002 
NASS Census is $2,854 (Zone 6 on the 2002 Per Acre Rent Schedule or 
$79.05 per acre rent). If an appraisal report for a competitive sale 
concluded that the 2002 average per acre land value is instead $175,000 
per acre, then the annual per acre rent would be $2,635 (or Zone 12 on 
the per acre rent schedule). The BLM would not use the actual appraised 
per acre value or the actual per acre sale value to determine the 
annual per acre rent, but instead would use the actual appraised per 
acre value to determine the appropriate zone number on the Per Acre 
Rent Schedule. The zone number then determines the appropriate per acre 
rent under final section 2806.25. A few commenters suggested that 
holders should always have the option to conduct their own appraisal 
under section 2806.25(d). The BLM agrees with these comments and has 
therefore revised final section 2806.25(c) to specify that holders may 
prepare their own appraisal report under section 2806.25(d).
    Section 2806.25(d) explains that when no acceptable market 
information is available, and no appraisal has been completed for the 
land transfer action, or when the BLM requests it, you must prepare an 
appraisal report, at your expense, in accordance with Federal appraisal 
standards. The BLM will only require you to prepare an appraisal report 
when other acceptable market data is not available. If you must provide 
an appraisal report, the DOI's Appraisal Policy Manual, dated October 
1, 2006, sets forth the DOI's appraisal policies. Addendum Number 3 to 
DOI's Appraisal Policy Manual specifically provides guidance concerning 
land valuation, alternative methods of valuation, and appraisal reports 
prepared by third (i.e., non-Federal) parties. It is the DOI's policy 
that all valuation services (whether performed by DOI appraisers or by 
non-DOI appraisers providing valuation services under a DOI contract or 
on behalf of a private third party, such as a right-of-way holder) must 
conform to the current Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal 
Practice (USPAP) and the current Uniform Standards for Federal Land 
Acquisitions (USFLA).
    If you have provided an appraisal report, the BLM State Director 
will refer it to the DOI's Appraisal Services Directorate (ASD). The 
ASD will review the appraisal report to determine if it meets USPAP and 
USFLA standards and advise the BLM State Director accordingly. If these 
standards are met, the BLM State Director will then use the data in the 
appraisal report to determine the zone value and zone number used in 
the calculation of the one-time rent payment provided by paragraphs (a) 
and (b). However, if your appraisal report uses a different EF or yield 
rate from those in the formula in section 2806.25(a) or section 
2885.22(a), then the actual per acre land value as determined by the 
appraisal report must be used in the determination of the one-time rent 
payment, even if it exceeds the highest per acre land value from the 
rent schedule.
    The BLM specifically requested comments on whether an appraisal 
report, if required, should also address the appropriate EF, in 
addition to determining per acre land values. The EF from an appraisal 
report could be different from the 50 percent used in the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule, depending on the type of facility being authorized (see EF 
discussion earlier in the preamble). The rate of return (5.27 percent--
see Table 4) could also change, if the one-time rental payment for a 
perpetual grant were determined on a case-by-case basis under final 
paragraph 2806.25(d). For example, if the average per acre land and 
building value from the NASS Census is $700 (Zone 3 on the 2002 Per 
Acre Rent Schedule or $26.35 per acre rent) and an appraisal report 
concluded that the 2002 per acre land value is instead $400 per acre 
(Zone 2 or a $13.18 per acre rent), but the appraisal report determines 
that the EF is 85 percent, then the annual per acre rent would equal 
$17.92 ($400 multiplied by .85 multiplied by 5.27 percent). Similar 
variations in the final per acre rent value could also occur if the 
appraisal report were to determine a higher or lower rate of return. In 
the above example, if the appraisal report determined that the per acre 
land value is $400, the EF is 85 percent, and the rate of return is 8 
percent (instead of 5.27 percent), then the annual per acre rent would 
equal $27.20 ($400 multiplied by .85 multiplied by 8.0 percent). Once 
the annual rent is calculated, then the one-time payment would then be 
determined under section 2806.25(a).
    The BLM received several comments on paragraph (d) of this section. 
Most

[[Page 65057]]

advocated that the holder always have the opportunity to conduct an 
appraisal report under this paragraph, and that the appraisal report 
consider all factors in arriving at a one-time rental payment. Some 
commenters also advocated the use of appraisal reports, but with limits 
on the amount of the EF, i.e., the EF should never exceed 50 percent. 
Another commenter asked whether the BLM, in lieu of an appraisal 
report, would be able to utilize a process to determine per acre land 
values similar to that used in lower value Federal land acquisitions, 
known as waiver valuations.
    Final section 2806.25(d) specifies that when no acceptable market 
information is available and no appraisal report has been completed for 
the land transfer action or when the BLM requests it, you must prepare 
an appraisal report using Federal appraisal standards that explains how 
you estimated the land value per acre, the rate of return, and the EF. 
The final rule places no restrictions on the amount of the EF or the 
rate of return, but will let the market conditions set these amounts 
(e.g., comparable sales data), which in turn determines the annual rent 
value and/or the one-time rental payment. The proposed rule would have 
mandated that the yield rate be determined by using the 10-year average 
of the most recent 30-year Treasury Bond rate. In the final rule, the 
yield rate will be determined by current market conditions as 
documented in the appraisal report. To place arbitrary and artificial 
limits on any of the market conditions used to determine a fair market 
value rent would be in violation of Federal appraisal standards (see 
Addendum Number 3 to DOI's Appraisal Policy Manual).
    The BLM will use the final Per Acre Rent Schedule to determine rent 
for all linear facilities (except as provided by sections 2806.25, 
2806.26, and 2885.22), even when those facilities occupy minimal 
acreage on low value land. We do not foresee any case where ``waiver 
valuations'' would be appropriate for use in determining rent for 
linear facilities, as suggested by one commenter, although this process 
is available to BLM offices to determine (minimum) rental values for 
non-linear facilities located on small and/or low valued acreages (see 
section 2806.50).
    Sections 2806.25(c) and (d) replace sections 2806.20(c) and (d) of 
the previous regulations which allowed the BLM to use an alternate 
means to compute your rent, if the rent determined by comparable 
commercial practices or by an appraisal would be 10 or more times the 
rent from the schedule. We made these changes in the final rule to 
comply with the Act, which requires the BLM to use a Per Acre Rent 
Schedule based upon land values to determine rent for linear right-of-
way grants located on public land.
Section 2806.26 How may I make rental payments when land encumbered by 
my perpetual easement issued under Sec.  2807.15(b) is being 
transferred out of Federal ownership?
    Section 2806.26(a) addresses the situation where there is an 
existing term or perpetual grant and you ask BLM to convert it to a 
perpetual easement as provided by section 2807.15(b). If you make this 
request, the BLM will treat it as an application for an amendment under 
current section 2807.20. Under the final rule, if the BLM approved your 
request to convert your term or perpetual grant to a perpetual 
easement, the BLM will use the appraisal data from the DOI's Appraisal 
Services Directorate for the land transfer action (i.e., direct or 
indirect land sales, land exchanges, and other land disposal actions) 
and other market information to determine the one-time rental payment 
for perpetual easements.
    Section 2806.26(b) explains that when no appraisal or acceptable 
market information is available for the land transfer action or when 
the BLM requests it, you must prepare a report required under section 
2806.25(d). A new addition to this paragraph in the final rule allows 
you to submit an appraisal report on your own initiative in accordance 
with section 2806.25(d).
    Section 2806.26 is a new section made necessary by the BLM's recent 
policy to provide for perpetual easements to existing right-of-way 
holders who want to convert their term or perpetual grant to an 
easement when the land their grant encumbers is to be transferred out 
of Federal ownership under section 2807.15(b). The BLM has worked 
closely with its right-of-way customers and holders to develop an 
easement document (and policy) similar to the easement document that a 
utility company might acquire across private land. Under this policy, 
easements (similar to easements that utility companies would acquire 
for similar purposes across private land) will only be issued to you 
when land your grant encumbers is to be transferred out of Federal 
ownership. Since in these cases the BLM will not administer the 
easement (because the land your easement encumbers will no longer be 
public land), the BLM believes that the one-time payment should be 
determined by an appraisal or acceptable market information used to 
determine the per acre land value for the land disposal action. The 
one-time rental payment determined in this manner will reflect the 
value of the rights transferred to you based upon similar transactions 
in the private sector, and may or may not be the same as a one-time 
payment for a perpetual grant determined under section 2806.25(b).
    In the proposed rule, the BLM asked for specific comments on the 
need for perpetual easements when encumbered lands are to be 
transferred out of Federal ownership as well as whether the BLM has 
authority to issue a term easement under the MLA in those circumstances 
when encumbered land is to be transferred out of Federal ownership.
    The term ``right-of-way'' is defined by FLPMA (43 U.S.C. 1702(f)) 
to include easements, leases, permits, or licenses to occupy, use, or 
traverse public lands granted for the purposes listed in Title V of 
FLPMA. Most grants that the BLM issues under FLPMA are set forth on 
standard form 2800-14 and denoted ``Right-of-Way Grant/Temporary Use 
Permit.'' These grants are not regarded as easements by the agency, 
absent some indication to the contrary. Section 506 of FLPMA, 43 U.S.C. 
1766, however, clearly contemplates the issuance of easements and 
provides that any effort to suspend or terminate these instruments be 
accompanied by the procedural safeguards of 5 U.S.C. 554. On the other 
hand, the provisions of the MLA at 30 U.S.C. 185 do not expressly 
authorize the grant of easements, unlike FLPMA's provisions at 43 
U.S.C. 1702(f), 1761(a), and 1766. Both statutes do provide for the 
procedural safeguards of 5 U.S.C. 554 in the event of suspension or 
termination of the authorization. However, under the MLA the procedural 
safeguards of 5 U.S.C. 554 apply to all grants (see 43 U.S.C. 
185(o)(1)), whereas, under FLPMA, these safeguards only apply to those 
authorizations considered to be easements (43 U.S.C. 1766).
    Several commenters stated that permanent easements are necessary to 
protect their facilities when encumbered lands are transferred out of 
Federal ownership. Other commenters cited instances where the new land 
owner demanded unreasonable compensation for continued use of the 
right-of-way area, which may then affect delivery costs, as well as 
increase product costs to the end users. Commenters also stated that 
``easements'' are ``understood'' in the private sector and that there 
is an enormous body of case law on the application and interpretation 
of easements, while a BLM right-of-way grant is an oddity that is often 
misunderstood by the private

[[Page 65058]]

sector. The same commenter said that the ability to have an easement 
rather than a BLM grant will greatly simplify management of the 
facility by all parties in the long run.
    Many commenters on the proposed rule also supported the conversion 
of existing term grants to term or permanent easements under the MLA. 
Commenters stated that the issuance of a ``term easement'' is 
consistent with the current definition of ``grant'' found at 43 CFR 
2881.5 (``Grant means any instrument or authorization the BLM issues 
under section 28 of the MLA * * * to use Federal lands to construct, 
operate, maintain, or terminate a pipeline''). Furthermore, the 
commenters stated that the BLM has existing policy allowing for MLA 
``term easements'' and the final rule should support and endorse this 
policy. One commenter also stated that the one-time rent payment for a 
``term easement'' issued under the MLA should be determined by an 
appraisal or market data for the land transfer action, similar to the 
one-time payment for a FLPMA easement described under section 2806.26.
    The BLM agrees with most of the commenters regarding their desire 
to be able to convert existing grants to permanent and term easements 
when land encumbered by their FLPMA grant is transferred out of Federal 
ownership. However, in the final rule we have limited this section to 
the determination of one-time rental payments for easements issued 
under the FLPMA, and not the MLA. We made this decision because the 
term ``right-of-way'' is defined by FLPMA (43 U.S.C. 1702(f)) 
specifically to include ``easements'' (as well as leases, permits, or 
licenses) to occupy, use, or traverse public lands granted for the 
purposes listed in Title V of FLPMA, while the provisions of the MLA at 
30 U.S.C. 185 do not expressly authorize the grant of easements, and 
limit the term of any grant to 30 years or less. In addition, none of 
the commenters provided legal support for the issuance of term 
easements under Section 28 of the MLA. The BLM also disagrees that the 
definition of ``grant'' found at 43 CFR 2881.5 (``Grant means any 
instrument or authorization the BLM issues under section 28 of the MLA 
* * * to use Federal lands to construct, operate, maintain, or 
terminate a pipeline'') is sufficient basis by itself for the issuance 
of ``term easements'' because ``easements'' are not specifically 
provided for in Section 28 of the MLA.
    In summary, final section 2806.26(a) is the same as proposed, 
except for revising the paragraph cited in section 2807.15 from 
paragraph (c) in the proposed rule to paragraph (b) in the final rule. 
Section 2806.26(b) also remains the same as proposed, except the final 
rule specifically allows holders to submit an appraisal report on their 
own initiative under section 2806.25(d). We made this change to be 
consistent with similar changes made in section 2806.25(c).
Subpart 2807--Grant Administration and Operation
    The BLM is proposing changes to the section of this subpart that 
deals with administration and operation of grants.
Section 2807.15 How is grant administration affected if the land my 
grant encumbers is transferred to another Federal agency or out of 
Federal ownership?
    This section explains how grant administration is affected if the 
land your grant encumbers is transferred to another Federal agency or 
out of Federal ownership.
    Final section 2807.15(a) explains that if there is a proposal to 
transfer the land your grant encumbers to another Federal agency, the 
BLM may, after reasonable notice to you, transfer administration of 
your grant for the lands the BLM formerly administered to another 
Federal agency, unless doing so would diminish your rights. If the BLM 
determined your rights would be diminished by such a transfer, the BLM 
can still transfer the land, but retain administration of your grant 
under existing terms and conditions.
    We proposed no changes to section 2807.15(b), but we have revised 
it in the final rule based upon several comments that the content and 
formatting of proposed paragraphs (b) and (c) were confusing. Final 
section 2807.15(b) is revised to incorporate the intent of proposed 
paragraph (c). Final section 2807.15(b) explains that the BLM will 
provide reasonable notice to you if there is a proposal to transfer the 
land your grant encumbers out of Federal ownership. If you request it, 
the BLM will negotiate new grant terms and conditions with you. This 
may include increasing the term of your grant to a perpetual grant or 
providing for an easement. These changes become effective prior to the 
time the land is transferred out of Federal ownership. The BLM may 
then, in conformance with existing policies and procedures:
    (1) Transfer the land subject to your grant. In this case, 
administration of your grant for the lands the BLM formerly 
administered is transferred to the new owner of the land;
    (2) Transfer the land, but the BLM retains administration of your 
grant; or
    (3) Reserve to the United States the land your grant encumbers, and 
the BLM retains administration of your grant.
    Proposed section 2807.15(c) explained that if there is a proposal 
to transfer the land your grant encumbers out of Federal ownership, you 
may negotiate new grant terms and conditions with the BLM. This may 
include increasing the term of your grant, should you request it, to a 
perpetual grant or providing for an easement. These changes would 
become effective prior to the time the land is transferred out of 
Federal ownership. The proposed rule also removed from section 
2807.15(c) the cross-reference to previous section 2806.23(c), which 
specified how you made rental payments for perpetual grants. The BLM 
received several comments stating that this paragraph appears to 
replace existing paragraph 2807.15(b). However, the proposed rule did 
not remove or replace paragraph 2807.15(b). One commenter stated that 
the proposed section 2807.15(c) does not require the BLM to provide 
written notice to the grant holder of a land transfer under paragraph 
(c) as does paragraph (b). The commenter stated that notification 
should be required under both situations. Two commenters stated that 
holders should be given at least 60 days advance written notice while 
another commenter recommended at least 180 days of advance notice. Two 
commenters provided alternative language to combine previous paragraph 
(b) and proposed paragraph (c) of section 2807.15 into a new paragraph 
2807.15(b). Proposed paragraph (d) would then become final paragraph 
(c). The recommended language submitted by these commenters to replace 
previous paragraph (b) and proposed paragraph (c) with a combined 
paragraph (b) primarily states that the BLM must provide written 
notification of at least 60 days prior to any proposed transfer date so 
that new grant terms and conditions can be negotiated. In addition, any 
new grant terms and conditions negotiated must be comparable to those 
normally found in an easement or other similar document used for 
utility facilities on private lands.
    The BLM agrees with the commenters that proposed section 2807.15(c) 
is confusing because we failed to state that the action discussed in 
(c) would actually occur after the reasonable notification period 
specified in paragraph (b) and prior to the 3 options specified in 
paragraph (b) for

[[Page 65059]]

completing the land transaction. We have therefore combined proposed 
paragraph (c) with previous paragraph (b) as explained above. This 
assures that reasonable notice is provided to all holders of a pending 
land transfer action and allows, at the holder's request, the 
conversion of existing FLPMA term grants to perpetual grants or 
easements. The land transfer action is then completed by:
    (1) Transferring the land subject to your grant. In this case, 
administration of your grant for the lands the BLM formerly 
administered is transferred to the new owner of the land;
    (2) Transferring the land, with the BLM retaining administration of 
your grant; or
    (3) Reserving to the United States the land your grant encumbers, 
and with the BLM retaining administration of your grant.
    We did not adopt the specific language submitted by the two 
commenters for paragraph (b) because we do not agree that a certain 
number of days be specified in the rule, since each land transaction 
will be governed by its own timeline. However, the final rule does 
specify that reasonable notice will be provided to the holder so that 
any amended application to an existing grant may be completed prior to 
the transfer of land out of Federal ownership. We also did not adopt 
the language submitted for paragraph (b) because it failed to include 
the three alternatives (see previous paragraph above) for treating 
encumbrances when land is transferred out of Federal ownership.
    Proposed section 2807.15(d) explained that you and the new owner of 
the land may agree to negotiate new grant terms and conditions at any 
time after the land encumbered by your grant is transferred out of 
Federal ownership. In the final rule, proposed paragraph (d) is 
renumbered as final paragraph (c) because, as discussed above, we 
incorporated proposed paragraph (c) into final paragraph (b). No other 
changes were made to this section.

Part 2880--Rights-of-Way Under The Mineral Leasing Act

Subpart 2885--Terms and Conditions of MLA Grants and TUPs
    This final rule revises 5 existing sections of this subpart and 
adds 2 new sections.
Section 2885.11 What terms and conditions must I comply with?
    Final section 2885.11(a) explains that all grants, except those 
issued for a term of 3 years or less, will expire on December 31 of the 
final year of the grant. Previous section 2885.11(a) stated that all 
grants with a term of 1 year or longer would terminate on December 31 
of the final year of the grant. This correction allows short-term 
grants and TUPs to expire on the day before their anniversary date. 
This revision also provides the holder of a 3-year grant or TUP with a 
full 3-year term to conduct activities authorized by the short-term 
right-of-way grant or TUP, instead of the 2 full years plus the partial 
first year under the previous section. Final section 2885.21(c) 
explains that the BLM considers the first partial calendar year in the 
initial rent payment period to be the first year of the term. 
Therefore, a 3-year grant or TUP, issued under the previous 
regulations, had a term period of 2 years plus the time period 
remaining in the calendar year of issuance. A 2-year grant or TUP had a 
term period of 1 year plus the time period remaining in the calendar 
year of issuance. Depending on when the grant or TUP was issued, the 
actual term could have been just over 2 years for a 3-year grant or TUP 
and could have been just over 1 year for a 2-year grant or TUP. Under 
the final rule, all grants and TUPs, except those issued for a term of 
3 years or less expire on December 31 of the final year of the grant or 
TUP. The changes to this section allow the holder to use short-term 
grants and TUPs for the full period of the grant. For example, if a 3-
year grant or TUP is issued under the final rule on October 1, 2008, it 
terminates on September 30, 2011, instead of December 31, 2010, under 
the previous rule. If a 2-year grant or TUP is issued under the final 
rule on October 1, 2008, it terminates on September 30, 2010, instead 
of December 31, 2009, under the previous rule. In most cases, the BLM 
will assess a one-time rental bill for the term of the grant, which 
reduces any administrative impact which might otherwise result from 
this revision. This change is also consistent with final section 
2805.11(b)(2). Please refer to the preamble discussion for final 
section 2805.11(b)(2) for further information on this revision. We 
received no comments on the proposed changes to this section and the 
final rule adopts the proposed section without change.
Section 2885.12 What rights does a grant or TUP convey?
    Prior section 2885.12(e) stated that you have a right to assign 
your grant or TUP to another, provided that you obtain the BLM's prior 
written approval. The BLM added the phrase ``unless your grant or TUP 
specifically states that such approval is unnecessary'' to this section 
to indicate that the BLM's prior written approval may be unnecessary in 
certain cases. In most cases, assignments continue to be subject to the 
BLM's written approval. However, with this change, the BLM can amend 
existing grants and TUPs to allow future assignments without the BLM's 
prior written approval. This may be especially important to the future 
administration of a grant when the land encumbered by a grant or TUP is 
being transferred out of Federal ownership, and there is a request to 
increase the term of your grant or TUP under section 2886.15(b). We 
received one comment that specifically supported this change. The final 
rule adopts the proposed section without change.
Section 2885.19 What is the rent for a linear right-of-way grant?
    Final section 2885.19 replaces previous section 2885.19. Final 
section 2885.19(a) explains that the BLM will use the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule to calculate the rent. In addition, paragraph (a) explains 
that counties (or other geographical areas) will be assigned to a 
county zone number and per acre zone value based upon 80 percent of 
their per acre land and building value published in the NASS Census. 
The initial assignment of counties to the zones covers years 2006 
through 2010 of the Per Acre Rent Schedule, and is based upon data 
contained in the most recent NASS Census (2002). Subsequent assignments 
of counties will occur every 5 years following the publication of the 
NASS Census. Paragraph (a) further explains that the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule will be adjusted periodically as follows:
    (1) The BLM will adjust the per acre rent in section 2885.19(b) for 
all types of linear right-of-way facilities in each zone each calendar 
year based on the average annual change in the IPD-GDP for the 10-year 
period immediately preceding the year that the NASS Census data becomes 
available. For example, the average annual change in the IPD-GDP from 
1994 to 2003 (the 10-year period immediately preceding the year (2004) 
that the 2002 NASS Census data became available) is 1.9 percent. This 
annual adjustment factor is applied to years 2006 through 2015 of the 
Per Acre Rent Schedule. Likewise, the average annual change in the IPD-
GDP from 2004 to 2013 (the 10-year period immediately preceding the 
year (2014) when the 2012 NASS Census data will become available) will 
be applied to years 2016 through 2025 of the Per Acre Rent Schedule.
    (2) The BLM will review the NASS Census data from the 2012 NASS

[[Page 65060]]

Census, and each subsequent 10-year period, and as appropriate, revise 
the number of county zones and the per acre zone values. Any revision 
will include 100 percent of the number of counties and listed 
geographical areas for all states and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico 
and will reasonably reflect their average per acre land and building 
values contained in the NASS Census.
    The above revision mechanisms replace previous paragraphs (b) and 
(c) of section 2885.19.
    Final section 2885.19(b) replaces previous section 2885.19(d) and 
explains that you may obtain a copy of the current Per Acre Rent 
Schedule from any BLM state or field office or by writing to the BLM 
and requesting a copy. The BLM also posts the current rent schedule on 
the BLM Homepage on the Internet at http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/leaving.cgi?from=leavingFR.html&log=linklog&to=http://www.blm.gov.
    The Per Acre Rent Schedule (and its various components) referred to 
in this section is the same as found in final sections 2806.20, 
2806.21, and 2806.22. The BLM received several comments on the 
components of the Per Acre Rent Schedule in proposed sections 2806.20, 
2806.21, and 2806.22. Based on those comments, counties will be 
assigned to a zone in the Per Acre Rent Schedule based on 80 percent of 
the average per acre land and building value as found in the NASS 
Census instead of 100 percent of that value. The rate of return will be 
a constant 5.27 percent which is the 10-year average of the 30-year 
Treasury Bond yield from 1998-2008. In addition, the annual index 
adjustment will be based on the average annual change in the IPD-GDP 
instead of the annual change in the CPI-U. No change was made in how 
the BLM will revise the Per Acre Rent Schedule each 10 years other than 
delaying its effectiveness by 1 year. The comments to proposed sections 
2806.20, 2806.21, and 2806.22 and the BLM's response to those comments 
(as reflected in final sections 2806.20, 2806.21 and 2806.22) are 
applicable to this section as well and are discussed in greater detail 
above.
Section 2885.20 How will BLM calculate my rent for linear rights-of-way 
the Per Acre Rent Schedule covers?
    Final sections 2885.20(a) and (c) are similar to and replace 
previous sections 2885.20(a) and (b), respectively. Final section 
2885.20(a) explains that, except as provided by section 2885.22, the 
BLM calculates your rent by multiplying the rent per acre for the 
appropriate county (or other geographical area) zone from the current 
schedule by the number of acres (as rounded up to the nearest tenth of 
an acre) in the right-of-way or TUP area that fall in each zone 
multiplied by the number of years in the rental payment period (the 
length of time for which the holder is paying rent). The final rent 
calculation methodology is identical to the previous rent calculation 
methodology; only the components (average per acre land values, county 
zones, the EF, and rate of return) have been revised. Please refer to 
the preamble discussion for section 2806.23(a) for details and examples 
of how this process works. Final section 2885.20(c) explains that if 
the BLM has not previously used the rent schedule to calculate your 
rent, we may do so after giving you reasonable written notice. Except 
for a minor edit, we made no substantive changes to these two sections 
from what was proposed.
    Final section 2885.20(b) provides for the phase-in of the initial 
implementation of the Per Acre Rent Schedule by reducing the 2009 per 
acre rent by 25 percent, and by providing a limited 2-year phase-in 
period as the result of revisions to the rent schedule under section 
2885.19(a)(2) if payment of the new rent causes the holder undue 
hardship and it is in the public interest to approve the phase-in 
period.
    In the ANPR and the proposed rule, the BLM specifically requested 
comments on whether any phase-in provision is necessary, and if so, 
what alternative information, including holder qualifications or 
thresholds other than the percentage increase, might the BLM use to 
support a longer phase-in period, or to support a phase-in model that 
specifically addresses financial hardship due to potentially large 
rental increases. The BLM received 6 comments in response to the ANPR 
which generally supported a phase-in provision. Three commenters said 
that any rental increases greater than $1,000 should be phased-in over 
5 years. One commenter said that a 6-year phase-in period would be 
appropriate for all rental increases. The commenter suggested no change 
for the first year, followed by five 20 percent annual increases. One 
commenter supported a phase-in period and potential relief from 
increased payment amounts, but offered no specific options.
    In the proposed rule, the BLM proposed a limited one-time, 2-year 
phase-in provision which would provide the holders of MLA 
authorizations hardship provisions similar to those currently available 
to holders of FLPMA authorizations. The proposed MLA phase-in provision 
would only apply in situations where rent is paid on an annual basis, 
and the increase in the rental fee is so substantial (500 percent or 
greater increase) that payment of the new rental amount would likely 
cause undue financial hardship.
    Almost all commenters on the proposed rule stated that some type of 
phase-in provision is necessary for all authorization holders in order 
to allow sufficient time to absorb the additional fee increases. One 
commenter said that the lack of a comprehensive phase-in provision for 
holders of FLPMA authorizations was the most unreasonable element of 
the proposed rule. Many commenters supported a 5- or 6-year phase-in 
period, and one commenter proposed limiting potential fee increases 
each year to no more than 10 percent of the initial per acre rental 
rate at the time the grant was issued. One commenter said that it was 
critical that the new rates not be implemented prior to January 2009.
    The BLM does not agree with the commenters that a specific long-
term phase-in provision is always necessary or reasonable when 
implementing a new or revised rent schedule, especially when other 
existing avenues to mitigate large rental increases are available to 
most holders. Under current section 2806.15(c), the BLM State Director 
may waive or reduce your rent payment, if the BLM determines that: (1) 
Paying the full rent for your FLPMA grant will cause you undue 
hardship; and (2) it is in the public interest to waive or reduce your 
rent. However, this provision has never been available to holders of 
MLA authorizations, nor was it included in the proposed rule. To 
provide some relief for MLA holders, final section 2885.20(b)(1) 
provides for a phase-in of the initial implementation of the Per Acre 
Rent Schedule by reducing the 2009 per acre rent by 25 percent. A 
similar provision has been added for holders of FLPMA grants at section 
2806.23(b). In calendar year 2009, all holders will pay 75 percent of 
the scheduled rental rates, and thereafter, 100 percent of the 
scheduled rental rates.
    Final section 2885.20(b)(2) will allow a 2-year phase-in period to 
holders of MLA grants if, as the result of any revisions made to the 
Per Acre Rent Schedule under section 2885.19(a)(2), the payment of the 
new annual rental amount would cause a specific MLA holder undue 
hardship and it is in the public interest to approve the phase-in. 
Holders of FLPMA grants have the same opportunity for a similar phase-
in provision under existing section 2806.15(c).
    The phase-in provision in final section 2885.20(b)(2), however, is 
limited only to MLA holders that qualify as small business entities (as 
that term is defined by the Small

[[Page 65061]]

Business Administration (SBA) regulations). It is estimated that only 
5.3 percent of existing MLA grantees may be eligible for SBA programs 
(see 70 FR 21056). In addition, the two-year phase-in period will only 
be available once each 10-year period when revisions are made to the 
Per Acre Rent Schedule under section 2885.19(a)(2). Final section 
2885.19(a)(2) provides for the revision of the rent schedule (including 
the number of county zones and the per acre zone values) based upon the 
NASS Census data from the 2012 NASS Census and each subsequent 10-year 
period. Therefore, the earliest year that final section 2885.20(b)(2) 
(the MLA phase-in provision based on hardship) will be available for 
use is 2016, since the 2012 NASS Census data will not be available 
until 2014 and any revised rent schedule based upon the 2012 NASS 
Census data will not be implemented until 2016 (see preamble discussion 
for section 2806.22). After 2016, final section 2885.20(b)(2) will not 
be available for use again until 2026, and then not until 2036, and so 
forth.
    In addition to meeting the above criteria, the holder must also 
prove that payment of the new annual rental amount would cause undue 
hardship, that is, be such an expense that payment would cause the 
holder significant difficulty in the continued near-term operation of 
the subject business or right-of-way facility. Undue hardship is not 
shown by allegations of financial difficulty, but requires proof that 
the holder would suffer significant financial difficulty, i.e., severe, 
unique, or extraordinary difficulty, in the continued near-term 
operation of the subject business or right-of-way facility. The 
determination of undue hardship must therefore be made on a case by 
case basis. The BLM will require the holder to submit information which 
supports the claim of undue hardship. At a minimum, this information 
must include a credit bureau report and a financial statement. In 
addition, the holder must submit information that clearly documents the 
holder's financial capability to pay the full rental amount due in year 
two of the phase-in period, if approved. The BLM State Director makes 
the determination that undue hardship exists based upon a financial 
analysis of the information submitted which supports the undue hardship 
claim. If the BLM State Director finds that undue hardship exists and 
that an additional phase-in is in the public interest, payment of the 
amount in excess of the previous year's rent will be phased-in by equal 
increments over a 2-year period. In addition, the BLM will adjust the 
total calculated rent for year 2 of the phase-in period by the annual 
index provided by section 2885.19(a)(1).
    The BLM believes that many of the concerns expressed by commenters 
regarding the lack of a comprehensive phase-in provision in the 
proposed rule have thus been addressed in the final rule by providing 
more advance notice of potentially large rental increases, reducing the 
NASS Census land and building value for each county by 20 percent, 
reducing the rate of return by 18.5 percent (from 6.47 percent to 5.27 
percent), reducing the threshold from $1,000 to $500 for payment of 
annual rent instead of 10-year rental payments, and by waiving 25 
percent of the calendar year 2009 rental rates for all authorization 
holders. These actions combined have eliminated the need for a 5-or 6-
year phase-in period because the amount of the increase in rent 
receipts has been significantly reduced in the final rule. Holders will 
save nearly $10 million (or 54 percent) when comparing the rates/phase-
in provisions contained in the proposed rule with the rates/phase-in 
provisions contained in the final rule (using actual acres billed for 
calendar year 2007). The proposed rates would have generated a total of 
$18,570,871 in 2007 if all acres were billed annually. Under the final 
rule, including the initial, one-time, 25 percent phase-in provision in 
rental rates, total rental receipts drop to $8,635,023. Without the 
initial, one-time, 25 percent phase-in provision, the total rental 
receipts would have been $11,512,757, or a 38 percent reduction in 
rental receipts from the proposed rule.
    The BLM does not agree with the commenter that proposed limiting 
potential fee increases each year to no more than 10 percent of the 
initial per acre rental rate at the time the grant was issued. First, 
once the final schedule is implemented, increases in rent will be 
limited to the change in the annual IPD-GDP adjustment (which has 
historically averaged around 2 to 3 percent). Every 5 years, holders 
could experience additional rent increases because of the re-assignment 
of counties to new zones on the rent schedule. However, holders will 
have approximately 18 months of advance notice to prepare for any 
potential increases. Thus, most annual rent increases will be 
significantly less than 10 percent and holders will have adequate 
notice to prepare for any major increases that might result from 
counties being assigned to new rental zones based on new NASS Census 
data.
    Secondly, the BLM believes it would be an extreme administrative 
burden to cap potential annual rent increases at 10 percent per 
authorization, as this commenter suggested, because grants are always 
subject to amendments and assignments that can affect the acres subject 
to rent. It would be very difficult and expensive for the BLM to 
adequately administer these potential changes and limit rent increases 
only in response to adjustments in the rent schedule itself, as 
compared to actual changes in the number of acres billed for that 
authorization from year to year.
    Lastly, the BLM partially agrees with the commenter that said it 
was critical that the new rates not be implemented prior to January 
2009. All existing grants should be billed on the calendar year basis 
and not their anniversary date. Therefore, the earliest the new rent 
schedule will apply to existing grants is January 2009, which is 
consistent with the suggestion of this commenter. However, if the new 
rent schedule becomes effective in calendar year 2008, the initial rent 
for new authorizations will be determined in accordance with the new 
rent schedule, even if the issuance date of the new grant is prior to 
January 2009.
    The BLM does not expect the rental increases to be financially 
burdensome for most holders. The changes made in the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule in the final rule represent a permanent reduction of nearly 40 
percent over the proposed rates (reducing the NASS Census land and 
building value for each county by 20 percent and reducing the rate of 
return by 18.5 percent (from 6.47 percent to 5.27 percent)). We believe 
that these changes, along with an additional 1-year advance notice of 
potentially large rental increases, reducing the threshold from $1,000 
to $500 for payment of annual rent instead of 10-year rental payments, 
and by waiving 25 percent of the calendar year 2009 rental rates for 
all authorization holders, in conjunction with the more flexible rent 
payment options described in final sections 2806.24 and 2885.21, will 
provide appropriate relief from any large, unexpected increases in rent 
payments that are due to implementation of the revised linear rent 
schedule.
Section 2885.21 How must I make rental payments for a linear grant or 
TUP?
    Final section 2885.21(a) explains that for TUPs you must make a 
one-time nonrefundable payment for the term of the TUP. For grants, 
except those that have been issued in perpetuity, you must make either 
nonrefundable annual payments or a nonrefundable payment for more than 
1 year, as follows:

[[Page 65062]]

    (1) One-time payments. You may pay in advance the total rent amount 
for the entire term of the grant or any remaining years;
    (2) Multiple payments. If you choose not to make a one-time 
payment, you must pay according to one of the following methods:
    (i) Payments by individuals. If your annual rent is $100 or less, 
you must pay at 10-year intervals not to exceed the term of the grant. 
If your annual rent is greater than $100, you may pay annually or at 
10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the grant. For example, if 
you have a grant with a remaining term of 30 years, you may pay in 
advance for 10 years, 20 years, or 30 years, but not any other multi-
year period.
    (ii) Payments by all others. If your annual rent is $500 or less, 
you must pay rent at 10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the 
grant. If your annual rent is greater than $500, you may pay annually 
or at 10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the grant.
    Final section 2885.21(a) replaces the rent payment options in 
previous section 2885.21(a). The primary difference is that under final 
section 2885.21(a), individuals who hold a grant with an annual rent 
greater than $100 would have the option to pay annually or at 10-year 
intervals, not to exceed the term of the grant. For example, if you 
have a grant with a term of 30 years, you may pay in advance for 10 
years, 20 years, or 30 years, but not any other multi-year period. 
Previously, individuals that held a grant with an annual rent greater 
than $100 would have had the option to pay annually or for any multi-
year period. The BLM made this change to make the rent payment options 
for individuals consistent with those available to non-individuals, 
except for the annual threshold levels of $100 and $500, respectively. 
If rent is not paid for the full term, subsequent rental payments will 
be based on the changes to the rental schedule as described in section 
2885.19 (the annual CPI-U index adjustment; the re-assignment of 
counties each 5-year period; and/or the adjustment to the number and 
value of rental zones each 10-year period), but the $100 and $500 
thresholds used to determine the eligibility for annual payments by 
individuals and business entities, respectively, will not be adjusted.
    Final section 2885.21(b) explains how you must make rent payments 
for perpetual grants issued prior to November 16, 1973, except as 
provided by final section 2885.22(a). Previous section 2885.21 did not 
recognize that MLA grants issued prior to November 16, 1973, could have 
been issued for any term period, including a perpetual term. Under the 
MLA, grants issued after November 16, 1973, have a maximum term of 30 
years. We added final section 2885.21(b) to explain that if you have an 
existing perpetual grant, you must make either nonrefundable annual 
payments or a nonrefundable payment for more than 1 year, as follows:
    (1) Payments by individuals. If your annual rent is $100 or less, 
you must pay at 10-year intervals, not to exceed 30 years. If your 
annual rent is greater than $100, you may pay annually or at 10-year 
intervals, not to exceed 30 years.
    (2) Payments by all others. If your annual rent is $500 or less, 
you must pay rent at 10-year intervals, not to exceed 30 years. If your 
annual rent is greater than $500, you may pay annually or at 10-year 
intervals, not to exceed 30 years.
    Final section 2885.21(c) is nearly identical to previous section 
2885.21(b). This section explains that the BLM considers the first 
partial calendar year in the initial rental payment period to be the 
first year of the term. The BLM prorates the first year rental amount 
based on the number of months left in the calendar year after the 
effective date of the grant.
    Please refer to the preamble discussion for final section 2806.24 
for an explanation of the revisions to this section and examples of 
various rent payment periods, as well as a discussion of any comments 
received on this section and the BLM's response to those comments.
Section 2885.22 How may I make rental payments when land encumbered by 
my term or perpetual linear grant is being transferred out of Federal 
ownership?
    Final section 2885.22 explains how you would make one-time rental 
payments for your term or perpetual linear grant when land encumbered 
by your grant is being transferred out of Federal ownership.
    Final section 2885.22(a) explains how the BLM would determine a 
one-time rent payment for perpetual MLA grants issued prior to November 
16, 1973, when land encumbered by your grant is being transferred out 
of Federal ownership. If you have a perpetual grant and the land your 
grant encumbers is being transferred out of Federal ownership, you may 
choose to make a one-time rental payment. The BLM will determine the 
one-time payment for perpetual right-of-way grants by dividing the 
current annual rent for the subject property by an overall 
capitalization rate calculated from market data. The overall 
capitalization rate is the difference between a market yield rate and a 
percent annual rent increase as described in the formula below. The 
formula for this calculation is: One-time payment = annual rent/(Y-CR), 
where:

    (1) Annual rent = current annual rent applicable to a subject 
property from the Per Acre Rent Schedule;
    (2) Y = yield rate (rate of return) from the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule (5.27 percent); and
    (3) CR = annual percent change in rent as determined by the most 
recent 10-year average of the difference in the IPD-GDP Index from 
January of one year to January of the following year.

    The annual rent will be determined from the Per Acre Rent Schedule 
(see section 2885.19(b)), as updated under section 2885.19(a)(1) and 
(2). However, as final section 2885.22(b) explains, the per acre zone 
value and zone number used in the annual rental determination is based 
on the per acre value from acceptable market information or an 
appraisal, if any, for the land transfer action and not the county 
average per acre land and building value from the NASS Census. You may 
also submit an appraisal report on your own initiative under section 
2806.25(d).
    One commenter recommended that if the BLM uses the appraised land 
value (as provided by final section 2885.22(b)) to determine the 
appropriate zone on the rent schedule, then the formula to determine 
the one-time rent payment, as determined under final section 
2885.22(a), should be modified to use the yield rate (Y) rather than 
the yield rate less the annual percent change in rent (CR). The formula 
would then be: one-time rent payment = Annual Rent/Y; rather than the 
one-time payment = Annual Rent/(Y-CR). The commenter said that this 
change is necessary to avoid the situation where the one-time payment 
under the appraisal method is greater than the one-time payment under 
the yield method. The commenter said that the change in the annual 
index is not necessary since the appraisal method already reflects the 
current land values for the purposes of calculating the one-time 
payment. The BLM understands the basis for this comment, but disagrees 
that it would be an appropriate change to make in this instance. The 
commenter claims that if appraisal data is used to assign land to a 
zone on the Per Acre Rent Schedule, then the annual rent adjustment 
index (CR in the formula) should be excluded from the formula when 
determining one-time rent. We disagree because the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule is still being

[[Page 65063]]

used to establish the annual per acre rental value and the annual 
adjustment factor is an inherent component of the schedule. For 
example, if appraisal data were to be used each 5-year period to re-
assign counties to their appropriate zones on the rent schedule, the 
annual adjustment factor (the annual percent change in rent as 
determined by the most recent 10-year average of the difference in the 
IPD-GDP Index from January of one year to January of the following 
year) would still be applied to determine subsequent year's per acre 
rent value and would continue until the next appraisal. In situations 
where the rent schedule is not used in any way to determine the one-
time rental payment (such as for easements pursuant to section 2806.26) 
it might be appropriate to exclude the annual adjustment factor from 
the above formula, but only if the appraisal report did not provide for 
an annual adjustment factor. In this circumstance, the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule (and its various components, including the annual adjustment 
factor) is still used to determine the annual per acre rent value, 
which in turn, is used in the income capitalization formula to 
determine the one-time rent payment.
    Final section 2885.22(c) explains that, when no acceptable market 
information is available and no appraisal has been completed for the 
land transfer action, or when the BLM requests it, you must prepare an 
appraisal report as required under section 2806.25(d) of this chapter. 
We received one comment on this section stating that holders should 
always have the opportunity to submit their own appraisal report to 
determine one-time rent for perpetual right-of-way grants when land 
encumbered by the grant is transferred out of Federal ownership. We 
agree with the commenter (see discussion for section 2806.25(c) for 
rationale) and allow for this in the final rule (see section 
2885.22(b)). Otherwise, final section 2885.22(c) is the same as 
proposed.
    Section 2885.22(d) is new to the final rule, and explains how rent 
for a term grant is determined when the land encumbered by the grant is 
being transferred out of Federal ownership. This section also explains 
that the amount determined must not exceed the one-time rent payment 
for a perpetual grant as determined under paragraphs (a) and (b). The 
BLM added this paragraph to the final rule based upon a comment that 
stated that in a rare occurrence, the one-time rent payment for term 
grants could exceed the one-time payment for a perpetual grant. The BLM 
agrees that, although unlikely, this could occur, but only when one-
time rents are being calculated for MLA grants under this section. This 
situation could not occur for FLPMA authorizations since the holder 
always has the option of obtaining a perpetual grant, nor would it 
occur for rents calculated under section 2885.21, since term and 
perpetual grants are treated equally under that section.
    Please refer to the preamble discussion for final section 2806.25 
for additional details regarding one-time rent payments for perpetual 
grants when the land your grant encumbers is being transferred out of 
Federal ownership.
Subpart 2886--Operations on MLA Grants and TUPs
    The BLM is amending one section of this subpart which deals with 
administration and operations of grants and TUPs.
Section 2886.15 How is grant or TUP administration affected if the BLM 
land my grant or TUP encumbers is transferred to another Federal agency 
or out of Federal ownership?
    This section explains how grant administration is affected if the 
BLM land your grant or TUP encumbers is transferred to another Federal 
agency or out of Federal ownership. We proposed no changes to previous 
paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section. However, previous paragraph (c) 
was split into proposed paragraphs (c) and (d) to make it clearer.
    Although we proposed no changes to section 2886.15(b), we have 
revised it in the final rule based upon several comments that the 
proposed formatting of paragraphs (b) and (c) was extremely confusing. 
We therefore combined proposed paragraph (c) with previous paragraph 
(b) as follows. Final section 2886.15(b) has been revised to 
incorporate the intent of proposed paragraph (c) and explains that the 
BLM will provide reasonable notice to you if there is a proposal to 
transfer the land your grant or TUP encumbers out of Federal ownership. 
Furthermore, if you request, the BLM will negotiate new grant or TUP 
terms and conditions with you. This may include increasing the term of 
your grant to a 30-year term or replacing your TUP with a grant. These 
changes, if any, become effective prior to the time the land is 
transferred out of Federal ownership. The BLM may then, in conformance 
with existing policies and procedures:
    (1) Transfer the land subject to your grant or TUP. In this case, 
administration of your grant or TUP for the lands the BLM formerly 
administered is transferred to the new owner of the land;
    (2) Transfer the land, but the BLM retains administration of your 
grant or TUP; or
    (3) Reserve to the United States the land your grant or TUP 
encumbers, and the BLM retains administration of your grant or TUP.
    The above changes provide assurance that reasonable notice will be 
given to all holders of a pending land transfer action and allows, at 
the holder's request, the opportunity to negotiate new grant or TUP 
terms and conditions with the BLM. This may include increasing the term 
of a grant to a 30-year term or replacing a TUP with a grant. Please 
refer to the preamble discussion in section 2806.26 for the comments 
received on the issuance of term easements under MLA and the rationale 
for not providing for term easements in this section. Please refer to 
the preamble discussion in section 2807.15 above for the comments 
received on proposed sections 2807.15 and 2886.15 and the rationale for 
the changes described herein.
    Proposed section 2886.15(d) explained that you and the new owner of 
the land may agree to negotiate new grant terms and conditions at any 
time after the land encumbered by your grant or TUP is transferred out 
of Federal ownership. In the final rule, proposed paragraph (d) is 
renumbered as final paragraph (c) because we incorporated proposed 
paragraph (c) into final paragraph (b) as discussed above. No other 
changes were made to this section.
Subpart 2888--Trespass
    This rule revises one section of this subpart which pertains to 
trespass.
Section 2888.10 What is trespass?
    Final section 2888.10 is identical to previous section 2888.10 
except for a minor edit to paragraph (c). Final section 2888.10(c) does 
not include the previous reference in section 2888.10 that the rental 
exemption provisions of part 2800 do not apply to grants issued under 
this part. This reference is no longer necessary because we added 
language to final section 2806.14(b), which explains that the rent 
exemptions listed in final section 2806.14 do not apply if you are in 
trespass. This includes trespass actions covered under final section 
2888.10. Please refer to the preamble discussion for final section 
2806.14(b) for further details on the reasons for this change.

[[Page 65064]]

Part 2920--Leases, Permits, and Easements
Subpart 2920--Lease, Permits, and Easements: General Provisions
    The rule amends two sections of this subpart, which addresses fees 
and reimbursement of costs.
Section 2920.6 Reimbursement of Costs
    Previous section 2920.6(b) has been amended by deleting from the 
second sentence the phrase ``except that any permit whose total rental 
is less than $250 shall be exempt from reimbursement of costs 
requirements.'' Final section 2920.6(b) explains that the reimbursement 
of costs for authorizations issued under part 2920 will be in 
accordance with sections 2804.14 and 2805.16, which provide for the 
reimbursement of processing and monitoring costs. Previously, any 
permit whose total rent was less than $250 would have been exempt from 
reimbursement of processing and monitoring costs.
Section 2920.8 Fees
    Previously, section 2920.8(b) provided that each request for 
renewal, transfer, or assignment of a lease or easement be accompanied 
by a non-refundable processing fee of $25. Also, the authorized officer 
could waive or reduce this fee for requests for permit renewals that 
could be processed with a minimal amount of work. Final section 
2920.8(b) amends the previous section by making each request for 
renewal, transfer, or assignment of a lease or easement subject to both 
a non-refundable processing and monitoring fee determined under section 
2804.14 and section 2805.16. The second sentence of the previous 
section, which allowed the authorized officer to waive or reduce this 
fee for permit renewals, is also deleted because fees for actions 
processed with a minimal amount of work are accounted for in current 
sections 2804.14 and 2805.16. These revisions are corrections to the 
2005 right-of-way rule, which established a schedule for processing and 
monitoring fees for applications and grants issued under parts 2800, 
2880, and 2920. These revisions are necessary to provide the correct 
cross references to the appropriate processing and monitoring fees 
found in sections 2804.14 and 2805.16 for actions taken under part 
2920.

III. Procedural Matters

Executive Order 12866, Regulatory Planning and Review

    In accordance with the criteria in Executive Order 12866, this rule 
is not a significant regulatory action. The Office of Management and 
Budget makes the final determination as to its significance under 
Executive Order 12866.
    a. This rule does not have an annual effect of $100 million or more 
on the economy. It will not adversely affect in a material way the 
economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public 
health or safety, or State, local, or tribal governments or 
communities. A cost-benefit and economic analysis has not been 
prepared. However, the following economic analysis and calculations 
supports this conclusion.
    Estimated Economic Effects. The rule could potentially increase 
rental revenues collected by the BLM and, conversely, increase costs to 
grant holders, by an estimated average of $14.7 million each year (plus 
annual IPD-GDP adjustments).

Background

    The definition of the baseline is an important step in evaluating 
the economic effects of a regulation. The baseline is taken to be the 
regulations previously in place. A baseline assumption is that under 
the status quo, right-of-way activity on Federal lands would continue 
at least at current levels. Given that the final rule incorporates many 
suggestions received from industry on the ANPR and the proposed rule, 
continued right-of-way activity on Federal lands seems a reasonable 
assumption.

Current Right-of-Way Activity

    In 2007 the BLM administered 12,500 rights-of-way subject to linear 
rent, held by over 1,600 entities, covering approximately 373,000 acres 
in 15 states. Some right-of-way holders have a single grant, while 
others hold hundreds of individual grants. Individual right-of-way 
holdings may be as small as 0.01 acre or larger than 22,000 acres. The 
top 18 grant-holders (by acreage) account for more than one-half of the 
total acreage. Eighty percent of the total right-of-way acreage is held 
by about 4 percent of all grant-holders, while the smallest 1,000 
grant-holders account for less than 1 percent of total right-of-way 
acreage. The breakdown by rental payments is similar to the breakdown 
by acreage.

Original Rent Schedule

    The original 1987 rent schedule was intended to reduce the need for 
individual appraisals, establish consistent rationale for determination 
of rental, reduce the differences between procedures used by the FS and 
the BLM, resolve conflicts which led to numerous appeals of rental 
determinations, and reduce both government and industry administrative 
costs. The right-of-way rental rates assessed in 2007 were derived from 
the 1987 rule's schedule, presented in Tables 7 and 8.
    Table 7--Previous per Acre Rent Schedule for electric transmission 
and distribution lines, telephone lines, non-energy related pipelines, 
and other linear rights-of-way.

                              Previous Rule
  [1987 Zone Value x 70% x 6.41% x Annual Change in IPD-GDP (+62% 1987-
                                 2007)]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 1987 zone   2007 actual
                     Zone                          value      zone rent
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Zone 1........................................          $50        $3.65
Zone 2........................................          100         7.28
Zone 3........................................          200        14.60
Zone 4........................................          300        21.90
Zone 5........................................          400        29.20
Zone 6........................................          500        36.49
Zone 7........................................          600        43.81
Zone 8........................................        1,000        72.97
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Table 8--Previous per Acre Rent Schedule for oil, gas, and other 
energy-related pipelines, roads, ditches, and canals.

                              Previous Rule
  [1987 Zone Value x 80% x 6.41% x Annual Change in IPD-GDP (+62% 1987-
                                 2007)]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 1987 zone   2007 actual
                     Zone                          value      zone rent
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Zone 1........................................          $50        $4.17
Zone 2........................................          100         8.32
Zone 3........................................          200        16.71
Zone 4........................................          300        25.00
Zone 5........................................          400        33.39
Zone 6........................................          500        41.70
Zone 7........................................          600        50.03
Zone 8........................................        1,000        83.40
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Zone rent for 2007 is based on zone rent for 1987. Zone rent per 
acre for 1987 is found by determining the correct zone for a right-of-
way, then multiplying the zone value (i.e., the upper bracket for land 
values per acre within a zone) by the EF (70 percent for electric and 
telephone lines; 80 percent for energy-related pipelines and roads) and 
the return on investment (6.41 percent). This 1987 zone rent is 
converted to 2007 zone rent using the change in the IPD-GDP between 
1987

[[Page 65065]]

and 2007 (approximately a 62 percent increase).

Final Rent Schedule

    The zone brackets in the schedule in this final rule are set to 
accommodate all U.S. counties and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, 
based upon 80 percent of their average per acre land and building value 
published in the most recent NASS Census. The average per acre land and 
building values for the 3,080 counties identified in the NASS Census 
range from a low of $75 to a high of nearly $100,000. Table 9 shows the 
zone brackets for the 12 zones in the final rule.

Table 9--Rental Zones, Based on 2002 NASS Census Average per Acre County
                        Land and Building Values
------------------------------------------------------------------------
       2002 Land and building values                     Zone
------------------------------------------------------------------------
$1 to $250.................................  Zone 1
$251 to $500...............................  Zone 2
$501 to $1,000.............................  Zone 3
$1,001 to $1,500...........................  Zone 4
$1,501 to $2,000...........................  Zone 5
$2,001 to $3,000...........................  Zone 6
$3,001 to $5,000...........................  Zone 7
$5,001 to $10,000..........................  Zone 8
$10,001 to $20,000.........................  Zone 9
$20,001 to $30,000.........................  Zone 10
$30,001 to $50,000.........................  Zone 11
$50,001 to $100,000........................  Zone 12
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For the BLM's purposes, each of the 3,080 counties identified in 
the NASS Census is assigned to a zone, based on 80 percent of the 
average per acre land and building value as determined by the most 
recent NASS Census. At the time of this final rule, the most current 
NASS Census provides 2002 data. The next NASS Census will provide 2007 
data, and is due to be published in 2009.

Determining Right-of-Way Rent

    Annual right-of-way rent for 2002 is based on the following 
factors:
    1. Schedule zone, determined by 80 percent of the county's 2002 
average per acre land and building value;
    2. EF (set at 50 percent for all linear rights-of-way);
    3. Government's rate of return, set at the average of the 30-year 
Treasury bond rate, taken over the 10 years from 1998 to 2008; and
    4. Total acreage within the right-of-way area.
    The zone rent is adjusted annually by the change in the Gross 
Domestic Product, Implicit Price Deflator index.
    Table 10 shows the right-of-way rent per acre for each zone for the 
2002 base rent year. The annual per acre rent in this table is 
determined by multiplying the county zone value (upper limit) by the EF 
and the rate of return. The EF is a measure of the degree that a 
particular type of facility encumbers a right-of-way area or excludes 
other types of land uses and is set at 50 percent. The rate of return 
represents the return the Government could reasonably expect for the 
use of public assets, and is set at the average of the 30-year Treasury 
bond taken over the previous 10 years from 1998 to 2008 or 5.27 
percent. Table 5 also displays the per acre rent values for each county 
zone for the 2002 base year and each subsequent year after application 
of the annual index.

            Table 10--2002 Base Year--per Acre Rent Schedule
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               Right-of-
                                                                  way
                   Zone number                      Maximum     annual
                                                  zone value    rental
                                                                 rate*
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Zone 1..........................................        $250       $6.59
Zone 2..........................................         500       13.18
Zone 3..........................................       1,000       26.35
Zone 4..........................................       1,500       39.53
Zone 5..........................................       2,000       52.70
Zone 6..........................................       3,000       79.05
Zone 7..........................................       5,000      131.75
Zone 8..........................................      10,000      263.50
Zone 9..........................................      20,000      527.00
Zone 10.........................................      30,000      790.50
Zone 11.........................................      50,000    1,317.50
Zone 12.........................................     100,000    2,635.00
------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Per acre right-of-way rent for one year calculated assuming a 50
  percent EF and 5.27 percent rate of return.

    The total amount a right-of-way grant holder is billed also depends 
on the number of acres within the right-of-way area that fall within 
each zone and the years in the rent payment period. Once the per-acre 
rent has been determined for a particular right-of-way, this amount is 
multiplied by the total acreage in the right-of-way, and by the number 
of years in the rent payment period.

Phase-In Provision

    The BLM has added an initial phase-in provision for all holders.. 
The BLM will phase-in the initial implementation of the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule by reducing the 2009 per acre rent by 25 percent. In calendar 
year 2009, all holders will pay 75 percent of the scheduled rental 
rates, and thereafter, 100 percent of the scheduled rental rates. An 
additional 2-year phase-in period may be granted to holders of MLA 
grants if, as the result of any revisions made to the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule under section 2885.19(a)(2), the payment of the new annual 
rental amount would cause a specific holder undue hardship and it is in 
the public interest to approve the phase-in. However, only holders of 
MLA grants that qualify as a small business entity (as that term is 
defined by the Small Business Administration regulations) will be 
eligible for this additional phase-in period. Holders of FLPMA grants 
have the same opportunity for a similar phase-in provision under 
existing section 2806.15(c).

Estimated Impacts of the Final Schedule

    The increase in rental fees could have potential impacts on all 
holders of right-of-way grants, as well as the energy industry and, 
ultimately, energy consumers. To the extent that right-of-way grant-
holders continue to maintain facilities on public land whose value has 
increased since 1987, there will also be an increase in rental fees to 
the U.S. Treasury. Some of the increase in fees may be passed on to 
energy consumers in the form of higher utility bills, but we expect 
that if there is any increase, as explained below, it will be minimal.
    Tierney and Hibbard (2006) conducted a study (see Tierney, S.F., 
and Hibbard, P.J., 2006, Energy Policy Act Section 1813 Comments: 
Report of the Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah and Ouray Reservation for 
Submission to the U.S. Departments of Energy and Interior, Boston, MA) 
of the contribution of right-of-way costs to end-user energy prices, 
finding that:
    1. Right-of-way costs in general are a minor component of regulated 
electric transmission and gas transportation rates, regardless of how 
land value changes by location or with time;
    2. When viewed from the perspective of end-use consumer prices, the 
costs to acquire rights-of-way are de minimis; and
    3. In the case of gas markets and competitive electricity markets, 
changes to right-of-way costs generally affect commodity supplier 
profits, not retail prices.
    Based on this analysis, there will likely be no significant impact 
on consumers as a result of the changes this rule makes to previous 
regulations.

Estimated Costs Under the Final Schedule

    The expected response to an increase in a good's price is a 
decrease in the quantity demanded of that good. Thus, if the net effect 
of the rule is to raise a right-of-way grant holder's full cost of 
maintaining a right-of-way on public land, it would be reasonable to 
predict a decrease in the number of right-of-way applications. 
Nevertheless, given the finding by Tierney and Hibbard (2006) that 
right-of-way costs in general (not

[[Page 65066]]

restricted to Federal lands) are a minor portion of total energy 
transportation costs, no significant decrease in energy right-of-way 
activity is expected. The BLM also believes for the same reasons that 
no significant decrease in non-energy right-of-way activity would occur 
due to the increase in right-of-way costs.
    Assuming that right-of-way activity is relatively insensitive to 
the rental fee, it is possible to estimate the payments that would have 
been due to the BLM (U.S. Treasury) in FY 2007 had the final schedule 
been in effect. The following analyses are based on data from the BLM's 
automated lands billing system (Land and Realty Authorization Module).
    In 2007, the BLM issued bills for 12,545 linear right-of-way 
grants. Approximately half of these bills were for rent payment periods 
of 5 years or more. The total amount billed for these linear grants was 
$6.5 million. Had these rights-of-way been paid under the new schedule 
(for the same rent payment periods), the total collected would have 
been $14 million, an increase of approximately $7.5 million, or 115 
percent. The BLM expects that it will continue to issue approximately 
the same number of bills for the same number of annual authorizations 
each year, while the number of bills for multi-year rental payments 
will continue to decline. It is expected that those authorizations with 
annual rental payments in excess of $500 will continue to be billed on 
an annual basis, although the holder has the option to pay for 10-year 
terms or the entire term of the grant. Under the final rule, the holder 
will have to pay for a minimum 10-year period if the annual rental 
payment is $500 or less for a non-individual or $100 or less for an 
individual. Under the 1987 regulations, the maximum rental payment term 
was 5 years. The 2005 rule required the holder to pay for the term of 
the grant, or at 10-year intervals, unless the holder was an individual 
whose annual rent was greater than $100, in which case, annual payments 
could have been made.
    Table 11 lists the 15 states and the total linear right-of-way 
acreage within each state that was billed for rent in 2007. If this 
acreage (373,000) were billed on just an annual basis, the total rent 
assessed using the previous Per Acre Rent Schedule and previous 
regulations would be $5.1 million. If this same acreage were assessed 
annual rent in 2007 using the Per Acre Rent Schedule of this final 
rule, the total rent would have been $11.5 million, an increase of $6.4 
million. Changes in rental payments are due in large part to changes in 
land values underlying the rights-of-way that have occurred since the 
previous per acre rent schedule was implemented in 1987. According to 
the 2006 NASS annual report, between 1987 and 2002, U.S. per acre farm 
real estate values increased by 102 percent on average. Table 11 shows 
an increase in annual rent payments of 126 percent. However, if the 
$11.5 million in 2007 rent receipts were reduced by 11 percent (the 
percent change in the annual index factor (IPD-GDP) between 2002 and 
2007) to $10.2 million, the increase in annual rent payments is 101 
percent, or nearly identical to the change in land values in the United 
States from 1987 to 2002.
    The 2007 NASS annual report shows an additional 79 percent increase 
in U.S. per acre farm real estate values from 2002 to 2007. We expect 
rent receipts to increase proportionately in 2011, which will be the 
year that the counties are re-assigned to their proper zone on the Per 
Acre Rent Schedule based upon 80 percent of their per acre land and 
building value from the 2007 NASS Census. As mentioned previously, the 
2007 NASS Census data will not be available until June 2009 and will 
not be used to re-assign the counties to their appropriate rent zone 
until 2011.

                 Table 11--Linear Right-of-Way Acres by State: Previous and Final Rent for 2007
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              1 Year rental     1 Year rental      Percentage
                  State                         Acres       (previous rates)    (final rates)       increase
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AZ......................................         25,972.55       $482,096.84     $1,405,313.66            191.50
CA......................................         43,461.11        796,888.69      3,079,639.74            286.46
CO......................................         18,223.78        315,362.80        600,722.06             90.49
ID......................................         22,114.09        351,734.14        949,494.24            169.95
MT......................................          4,908.93         72,353.90         66,009.14             -8.77
ND......................................             42.52            353.76            315.50            -10.82
NE......................................            133.73            973.66            994.50              2.14
NM......................................         81,822.40        839,551.79        959,839.30             14.33
NV......................................         63,254.22      1,114,387.79      2,326,616.45            108.78
OR......................................         10,083.36        125,462.21        417,482.76            232.76
SD......................................            119.33          2,611.72          2,573.20             -1.47
TX......................................             81.64            679.24          4,843.70            613.11
UT......................................         18,149.87        186,804.30        431,210.96            130.84
WA......................................            264.49          5,101.85         37,999.03            644.81
WY......................................         84,351.65        794,070.09      1,229,703.20             54.86
                                         -----------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total...............................        372,983.67      5,088,432.78     11,512,757.44            126.25
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Table 12 provides the percent change in land values and the percent 
change in rent receipts for the 15 counties having over 5,000 billed 
acres in rights-of-way, as of 2007. Taken together, these 15 counties 
account for over 53 percent of all right-of-way acres billed by the BLM 
in 2007, and over 55 percent of the rent collected for 2007. San 
Bernardino County, California (see Table 12), is a good example of how 
land values in some counties have risen dramatically in the last 20 
years. This southern California county had 24,822 acres of public land 
encumbered by authorized right-of-way facilities that were billed for 
rent in 2007 using the previous rent schedule. The previous schedule 
was based on a 1987 land value of $200 per acre for San Bernardino 
County, meaning that these holdings were valued at a total of $5 
million in 1987. Applying the IPD-GDP factor used in the previous 
schedule increased the value of this land to $7.1 million in 2002. The 
2002 NASS land and building data lists San Bernardino County at $2,144 
per acre, for a total value of $53.2 million. This data indicates that 
in this example the Federal Government was

[[Page 65067]]

basing linear right-of-way rents on only 13.3 percent of the 2002 land 
value, largely due to the rapid increase in land values in southern 
California since 1987. Furthermore, the NASS annual reports show that 
between 2002 and 2007 farm real estate values have increased an average 
of 79 percent nationwide. A continued trend of rising real estate 
values would have led to further undervaluation by the previous 
schedule. As a result, had the BLM used the Per Acre Rent Schedule of 
this final rule to assess rent for linear right-of-way acres in San 
Bernardino County in FY 2007, rental receipts would have increased 
nearly 300 percent (see Table 12).
    In contrast, land values in most counties in New Mexico and 
Wyoming, where the majority of linear rights-of-way are located, have 
increased at a much slower rate than the national average. Had the 
final rent schedule been in effect for 2007, most counties in these 2 
states would have experienced only modest increases in rents due, or 
even decreases. For example, in San Juan County, New Mexico, where 
between 1987 and 2002 the value of land increased by over 200 percent, 
rents would have increased by 79 percent. In Sweetwater County, 
Wyoming, where between 1987 (per BLM's per acre rent schedule) and 2002 
(per the NASS Census data) land values have actually fallen, rents 
would have been almost flat, decreasing by 7 percent. These lower land 
values in New Mexico and Wyoming would result in only a 14 percent and 
a 55 percent increase, respectively, in the total rental receipts, 
statewide, for 2007 (as compared to a 286 percent increase for 
California and a 126 percent increase for all BLM states) when using 
the Per Acre Rent Schedule of this final rule as compared with the 
total rental receipts for 2007 when using the previous Per Acre Rent 
Schedule (see Table 11).

Table 12--Percent Change in Land Values and Rent Receipts by Counties With 5,000 or More Acres Billed for Right-of-Way Facilities on Public Land in 2007
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                       2007         2007
                                                                                1987      2002 NASS     Percent      Assessed     Assessed     Percent
               County                          State            Right-of-     Assigned   Census land   change in    rent using   rent using    increase
                                                                Way acres    land value     value      land value    previous      final       in rent
                                                                                                                     schedule     schedule     receipts
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sweetwater..........................  WY.....................       28,420         $100          $98           -2     $227,684     $210,877           -7
San Bernardino......................  CA.....................       24,822          200        2,144          972      377,399    1,472,668          290
San Juan............................  NM.....................       24,523          100          324          224      202,640      363,679           79
Eddy................................  NM.....................       21,456          100          255          155      173,465      159,205           -8
Clark \a\...........................  NV.....................       13,780           50        3,567        7,034       51,676    1,226,454         2273
White Pine..........................  NV.....................       12,458           50          544          988       45,564      184,749          305
Lea.................................  NM.....................       10,215          100          156           56       82,787       75,798           -8
Sublette............................  WY.....................        9,833          100          733          633       79,966      291,755          265
Maricopa............................  AZ.....................        9.544          400        3,026          657      284,502      849,455          199
Lincoln.............................  WY.....................        8,362          100          906          806       65,110      248,087          281
Rio Arriba..........................  NM.....................        8,301          200          328           64      138,217      123,101          -11
Carbon..............................  WY.....................        8,073          100          214          114       64,019       59,903           -6
Rio Blanco..........................  CO.....................        6,871          200          669          235      113,709      203,855           79
Fremont.............................  WY.....................        6,167          100          311          211       49,378       45,758           -7
Eureka..............................  NV.....................        5,095           50          230          360       18,691       37,803          102
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Subtotal.................................................      197,920          107          778          627    1,974,809    5,553,149          181

Clark County Sub-Zones..............  NV.....................          876   \b\ 14,001        3,567          -75      852,466       77,952          -91
                                                              ==========================================================================================
    Total....................................................      198,796  ...........  ...........  ...........    2,827,275    5,631,101           99
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ Entries for Clark County do not include rights-of-way in Clark County ``unique zones.''
\b\ 1987 Assigned Land Value for Clark County ``unique zones'' is a weighted average across 8 unique zones there.

    While the land values in certain counties in New Mexico and Wyoming 
increased modestly from 1987 to 2002, the land values in Clark County, 
Nevada, as shown in Table 12, increased dramatically (7,034 percent) 
during this time period. Much of this increase can be attributed to the 
tremendous growth rate and demand for undeveloped land in and 
surrounding Las Vegas, Nevada, the largest city in Clark County as well 
as the state of Nevada. In recognition of these higher land values in 
the Las Vegas area, a ``unique zone'' Per Acre Rent Schedule with 8 
zones whose land values ranged from $4,000 to $75,000 per acre was 
established in 1987 under the 1987 regulations. The annual per acre 
rent values ranged from approximately $300 to $6,000 (in 2007). The BLM 
used the ``unique zone'' Per Acre Rent Schedule (see Section I 
Background of this preamble for additional information on the ``unique 
zone'' Per Acre Rent Schedule) to assess rent ($853,000 in 2007) for 
approximately 80 right-of-way grants in the Las Vegas area which were 
issued within the ``unique zone'' areas prior to 2002. In addition, 
another 225 rights-of-way were located within the Las Vegas ``unique 
zone'' area, but the BLM used the 1987 Per Acre Rent Schedule to 
determine annual rent for these rights-of-way in accordance with 
Washington Office Instruction Memorandum 2002-172. Had the BLM used the 
``unique zone'' rates to determine rent for these 225 grants, an 
additional $2.4 million would have been collected in 2007 (based on an 
average annual rent payment of $10,663 for each of the 80 right-of-way 
grants subject to the ``unique zone'' rates in 2007). So instead of 
$51,676 in assessed rent for linear rights-of-way in Clark County for 
2007, as shown in Table 12, a more appropriate figure for comparison 
purposes, using the ``unique zone'' rates for all 305 rights-of-way 
located within these high land value areas, would have been 
approximately $3.3 million. Under the Per Acre Rent Schedule of this 
final rule, that figure would have then decreased to $1.23 million, 
resulting in a 63 percent decrease in rental receipts, instead of the 
2,273 percent increase as shown in Table 12. However, the actual 
percent increase in rent receipts in Clark County is only 46 percent 
when total

[[Page 65068]]

receipts collected from the previous rent schedules ($904,142) are 
compared to what would have been collected using the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule of this final rule for 2007 ($1,304,400).
    In summary, the final rule will increase rental revenues collected 
by the BLM and, conversely, increase costs to grant holders by 
approximately $6.4 million, based on 2007 billing data. The BLM 
assessed rent for rights-of-way on 373,000 acres of public land in 2007 
(see Table 11). If this acreage had been billed only on an annual 
basis, the BLM would have assessed rent in the amount of $5,088,433 
using the previous Per Acre Rent Schedule. Under the final rule, the 
BLM would have assessed rent in the amount of $11,512,757 (with no 
phase-in provision), or an increase of $6,424,325. These increases in 
rental receipts would have reasonably reflected the increase in land 
values that also occurred from 1987 to 2002. Likewise, the BLM 
estimates that the maximum amount that rental receipts will increase 
under the final rule is an average of $14.7 million each year (plus 
annual IPD GDP adjustments) when all authorizations and rent payment 
periods are considered (using 2007 as a sample year). This amount 
($14.7 million) is based on average estimated rental receipts of $21 
million per year over a 5-year period (2009-2013), less the $6.3 
million in actual rental receipts collected in 2007 for all 
authorizations and rent payment periods billed ($21 million-$6.3 
million = $14.7 million).
    In addition to revising the previous Per Acre Rent Schedule, the 
final rule makes minor revisions to parts 2800 and 2880 of the previous 
regulations so that the final regulations are consistent with the 
statutory rent schedule changes discussed above. There are also a 
number of minor corrections and changes made in the final rule that are 
not directly related to the rent schedule. These changes are limited in 
scope and address trespass penalties, new rent payment options 
(including how one-time payments are to be determined for perpetual 
right-of-way grants and easements), annual rental payments, limited 
phase-in provisions for all holders, and reimbursements of monitoring 
costs and processing fees for leases and permits issued under 43 CFR 
part 2920. These latter items correct some errors in the previous 
regulations and clarify other regulations. All these changes are within 
the scope of the BLM's existing authority to administer rights-of-way 
under the FLPMA and the MLA and will have only minor economic impact.
    b. This rule will not create serious inconsistencies or otherwise 
interfere with other agencies' actions. Since 1987, the BLM and the FS 
have both used the same Per Acre Rent Schedule to establish rent for 
linear right-of-way facilities located on public land and NFS land. The 
Act requires both the BLM and the FS to make the same revisions to the 
1987 per acre rental fee zone value schedule by State, county, and type 
of linear right-of-way use to reflect current values of land in each 
zone. The BLM has worked closely with the FS in assuring the maximum 
consistency possible between the policies of the two agencies with 
respect to approving and administering linear rights-of-way, including 
the assessment of rent for these facilities. The FS plans to adopt the 
BLM Per Acre Rent Schedule.
    c. The final rule will not materially affect entitlements, grants, 
user fees, loan programs, or the rights and obligations of their 
recipients. This rule does increase rental fees, but only in amounts 
necessary to ensure compliance with the Act. The increases in rental 
fees will not be retroactive, but they will apply to new authorizations 
and to existing grant-holders who hold grants subject to rent at the 
grant's next rental due payment period. Flexible rent payment options 
and phase-in provisions will significantly reduce any impact that 
increased rental fees may have on grant-holders. Rent exemption and 
reduction provisions found in the current rule still apply. However, 
the final rule makes it clear that if an entity is found to be in 
trespass on public land, the rental exemptions and/or waiver of rent 
provisions will not apply to settlement of the trespass action.
    d. The final rule will not raise novel legal or policy issues. The 
Act requires the BLM and the FS to update and revise previous per acre 
rent schedules to reflect current land values. Both agencies previously 
collected rental fees for linear rights-of-way using a per acre rent 
schedule established in 1987. The Act does not specify how to revise 
the land values or what data should be used. The final rule uses 
average per acre land and building values published every 5 years in 
the NASS Census. Other Federal and state agencies regularly use the 
NASS Census data when necessary to use average per acre land values for 
a particular State or county. Congress, likewise, endorsed the use of 
this data for rental determination purposes when it passed the 
``National Forest Organizational Camp Fee Improvement Act of 2003'' 
(Public Law 108-7) (16 U.S.C. 6231). The BLM believes that the rental 
fees arrived at by the use of the NASS Census data is the most 
efficient and reasonable method of revising the previous Per Acre Rent 
Schedule, as well as meeting other mandates under FLPMA and the MLA 
that require that the U.S. receive fair market value of the use of the 
public lands.

Clarity of the Regulations

    Executive Order 12866 requires each agency to write regulations 
that are simple and easy to understand. In the proposed rule, we 
invited your comments on how to make these regulations easier to 
understand, including answers to questions such as the following:
    1. Are the requirements in the proposed regulations clearly stated?
    2. Do the proposed regulations contain technical language or jargon 
that interferes with their clarity?
    3. Does the format of the proposed regulations (grouping and order 
of sections, use of headings, paragraphing, etc.) aid or reduce their 
clarity?
    4. Would the regulations be easier to understand if they were 
divided into more (but shorter) sections? (A ``section'' appears in 
bold type and is preceded by the symbol ``Sec.  '' and a numbered 
heading, for example: Sec.  2806.20 What is the rent for a linear 
right-of-way grant?).
    5. Is the description of the proposed regulations in the 
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this preamble helpful in 
understanding the proposed regulations? How could this description be 
more helpful in making the proposed regulations easier to understand?
    We received no specific comments in response to the above 5 
questions. However, we received several comments suggesting that we 
clarify the language in proposed sections 2807.15 and 2886.15, which we 
have accomplished in this final rule. In addition, one commenter 
requested clarification of the meaning of the phrase ``When no 
acceptable market information is available'' as used in proposed 
section 2806.25(d) and asked whether the lack of acceptable market data 
would allow the BLM to utilize a process to determine per acre land 
values similar to that used in lower value Federal land acquisitions 
known as ``waiver valuations.'' We provided that clarification in the 
preamble discussion to that section.

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

    The BLM has determined that this final rule, which primarily 
updates the previous linear rent schedule, is of an administrative, 
financial, and/or procedural nature whose environmental effects are too 
broad, speculative, or

[[Page 65069]]

conjectural to lend themselves to meaningful analysis and will later be 
subject to the NEPA process, either collectively or case-by-case. 
Therefore, it is categorically excluded from environmental review under 
section 102(2)(C) of NEPA, pursuant to 516 Departmental Manual (DM), 
Chapter 2, Appendix 1, Number 1.10. In addition, the final rule does 
not meet any of the 12 criteria for extraordinary circumstances listed 
in 516 DM, Chapter 2, Appendix 2. Pursuant to Council on Environmental 
Quality regulations (40 CFR 1508.4) and the environmental policies and 
procedures of the Department of the Interior, the term ``categorical 
exclusions'' means a category of actions which do not individually or 
cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment and 
that have been found to have no such effect in procedures adopted by a 
Federal agency and for which neither an environmental assessment nor an 
environmental impact statement is required.
    We have also examined this rule to determine whether it requires 
consultation under Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) (16 
U.S.C. 1532). The ESA requires an agency to consult with the Fish and 
Wildlife Service or National Marine Fisheries Service to insure that 
any action it authorizes, funds, or carries out is not likely to 
jeopardize the continued existence of any listed species or result in 
the destruction or adverse modification of critical habitat.
    We have determined that this rule will have no effect on listed or 
proposed species or on designated or proposed critical habitat under 
the ESA and therefore consultation under section 7 of the ESA is not 
required. Our determination is based in part on the fact that nothing 
in the rule changes existing processes and procedures that ensure the 
protection of listed or proposed species or designated or proposed 
critical habitat. Existing processes and procedures have been in effect 
since BLM promulgated right-of-way regulations in 1979-80. Any further 
compliance with the ESA will occur when an application for a right-of-
way is filed with the BLM.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    Congress enacted the Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (RFA), as 
amended, 5 U.S.C. 601-612, to ensure that Government regulations do not 
unnecessarily or disproportionately burden small entities. The RFA 
requires a regulatory flexibility analysis if a rule would have a 
significant economic impact, either detrimental or beneficial, on a 
substantial number of small entities. The BLM has estimated that 
approximately 18 percent of all applicants and grantees (approximately 
5 percent of MLA applicants and grantees and approximately 23 percent 
of FLPMA applicants and grantees) may qualify as small entities. As 
discussed above, rental fees, in most cases, are not a significant cost 
for the industries affected, including small entities.
    Table 13 shows the small business size standards for industries 
that may be affected by these rules. This table lists industry size 
standards for eligibility for Small Business Administration (SBA) 
programs from SBA regulations (see 13 CFR 121.201). The SBA size 
standards are typically stated either as the average number of 
employees, or the average annual receipts of a business concern. 
Standards are grouped using the North American Industrial 
Classification System 2002 (NAICS). This listing is based on 
descriptions from the U.S. Bureau of the Census 2002 NAICS codes and is 
not exhaustive.

                    Table 13--SBA Size Standards for Affected Industries as of July 31, 2006
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              NAICS code                               Description                         Size standard
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
113110................................  Timber Tract Operations.................  $6.5 million.
113210................................  Gathering of forest products............  $6.5 million.
113310................................  Logging.................................  500 employees.
211111................................  Crude petroleum and natural gas           500 employees.
                                         extraction.
211112................................  Natural gas liquid extraction...........  500 employees.
221111................................  Hydroelectric power generation..........
221112................................  Fossil fuel electric power generation...
221113................................  Nuclear electric power generation.......
221119................................  Other electric power generation.........
221121................................  Electric Bulk Power Transmission and
                                         Control.
221122................................  Electric Power Distribution.............  Firm, including affiliates, is
                                                                                   primarily engaged in
                                                                                   generation, transmission, or
                                                                                   distribution of electric
                                                                                   energy for sale, and total
                                                                                   electric output for the
                                                                                   preceding fiscal year <= 4
                                                                                   million megawatt-hours.
221210................................  Natural Gas Distribution................  500 employees.
221310................................  Water Supply and Distribution System....  $6.5 million.
486110................................  Pipeline Transportation: Crude Oil......  1,500 employees.
486210................................  Pipeline Transportation: Natural Gas....  $6.5 million
486910................................  Pipeline Transportation: Refined          1,500 employees.
                                         Petroleum Products.
486990................................  Pipeline Transportation: All other        $21.5 million.
                                         products.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The BLM does not officially track right-of-way costs, but grant 
holders in 2003 estimated that construction costs for pipeline 
facilities were between $300,000 (12'' pipeline) and $1.5 million per 
mile (36'' pipeline); construction costs for rocked logging roads were 
between $40,000/mile for a ridge top road to $150,000/mile for a full 
bench road or an average of $70,000/mile for a road through moderate 
terrain; and construction costs for electric distribution and 
transmission lines were between $24,000/mile (24kV distribution line) 
to $1 million/mile (500kV transmission line). Larger projects would 
typically require more land area to site than minor projects. Since 
rent is based on the number of acres that the right-of-way facility 
encumbers, larger projects would involve higher rental payments than 
would minor projects. However, compared to the cost of constructing a 
typical right-of-way facility, total rent and the rental fee increases 
under the final rule are relatively small (see 70 FR 21056 for further 
information on typical project costs).

[[Page 65070]]

    Any of the industries listed in Table 13 may hold right-of-way 
grants with the BLM, under either FLPMA or MLA, as a part of their 
business practices. For example, bulk electric power transmission firms 
will use rights-of-way to distribute their electricity. Firms may be 
eligible for various SBA programs, but the size-limit is specific to 
each industry, and identified by the industry codes. The limit may be 
based on gross sales, the number of employees, or other factors. It is 
estimated that about 5.3 percent (or 1,416 of 26,711) of existing MLA 
grantees may be eligible for SBA programs and about 22.9 percent (or 
14,280 of 62,358) of FLPMA grantees may be eligible for SBA programs 
(see 70 FR 21056). Whether they choose to join the SBA programs is 
strictly an individual firm's decision.
    The proportion of grantees eligible for SBA programs indicates that 
there is an opportunity for small businesses in BLM's right-of-way 
program. However, the burden of increased rental fees will not have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities 
or fall disproportionately on small businesses. Moreover, any entity 
that believes that it might be adversely affected by the rental fee 
increases to its FLPMA right-of-way grant may qualify for a waiver or 
reduction of rental fees under any of the provisions, including 
hardship, found at section 2806.15. Therefore, the BLM has determined 
under the RFA that this final rule does not have a significant economic 
impact on a substantial number of small entities.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (SBREFA)

    This rule is not a ``major rule'' as defined at 5 U.S.C. 804(2). 
This rule:
    a. Does not have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or 
more. See the Executive Order 12866 discussion above.
    b. Will not result in major cost or price increases for consumers, 
industries, government agencies, or regions. As discussed above, when 
compared to the cost of constructing a right-of-way project, the rental 
fee increases contained in this rule are relatively small and therefore 
will not cause any major increase in costs or prices. In addition, any 
applicant or holder of a FLPMA authorization that believes that the 
rental fee increases will cause difficulty may benefit from the rent 
waiver or reduction provisions under section 2806.15, especially the 
hardship provision.
    c. Does not have significant adverse effects on competition, 
employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the ability of 
U.S.-based enterprises to compete with foreign-based enterprises. The 
rule should result in no change in any of the above factors. See the 
Executive Order 12866 discussion above regarding the economic effects 
of the rental fee increases. In general, the rental fee increases are 
small in comparison with the overall costs of constructing, 
maintaining, operating, and terminating large projects located within 
right-of-way areas. With the possible exception of MLA grants for 
pipelines, the projects located on right-of-way grants support 
domestic, not foreign, activities and do not involve products and 
services that are exported. The MLA pipelines may transport oil and gas 
and their related products destined for foreign markets, but the 
overall increase in rental fees, compared to the cost of, and profits 
from, running an oil and gas pipeline that would feed into a foreign 
market, is minimal.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    This rule does not impose an unfunded mandate on state, local, or 
tribal governments, in the aggregate, or the private sector, of $100 
million or more per year; nor does this rule have a significant or 
unique effect on small governments. The rule imposes no requirements 
approaching $100 million annually on any of these entities. We have 
already shown, in the previous paragraphs of this section of the 
preamble, that this rule does not have effects approaching $100 million 
per year on the economy. Therefore, the BLM is not required to prepare 
a statement containing the information required by the Unfunded 
Mandates Reform Act at 2 U.S.C. 1532.

Executive Order 12630, Governmental Actions and Interference With 
Constitutionally Protected Property Rights (Takings)

    The rule does not have takings implications and is not government 
action capable of interfering with constitutionally protected property 
rights. A right-of-way application is not private property. The BLM has 
discretion under the governing statutes to issue a grant or not (see 30 
U.S.C. 185(a) and 43 U.S.C. 1761(a)). Once a grant is issued, a 
holder's continued use of the Federal land covered by the grant is 
conditioned upon compliance with various statutes, regulations, and 
terms and conditions, including the payment of rent. Consistent with 
FLPMA and the MLA, violation of the relevant statutes, regulations, or 
terms and conditions of the grant can result in termination of the 
grant before the end of the grant's term. The holder of a grant 
acknowledges this possibility in accepting a grant. Therefore, the 
Department of the Interior has determined that the rule will not cause 
a taking of private property or require further discussion of takings 
implications under this Executive Order.

Executive Order 13132, Federalism

    The rule will not have a substantial direct effect on the states, 
on the relationship between the national government and the states, or 
on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the levels of 
government. Qualifying states and local governments continue to be 
exempt from paying rent for a right-of-way grant issued under FLPMA. 
Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 13132, the BLM has 
determined that this rule does not have sufficient Federalism 
implications to warrant preparation of a Federalism Assessment.

Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform

    Under Executive Order 12988, we have determined that this rule will 
not unduly burden the judicial system and that it meets the 
requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of the Order.

Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal 
Governments

    In accordance with Executive Order 13175, we have found that this 
rule does not include policies that have tribal implications. The BLM 
may only issue right-of-way grants across public lands that it manages 
or across Federal lands held by two or more Federal agencies. Indian 
tribes have jurisdiction over their own lands, subject to the 
Secretary's trust responsibility. To our knowledge, no Indian tribes 
are involved in any multi-agency grants.

Executive Order 13211, Actions Concerning Regulations That 
Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use

    In accordance with Executive Order 13211, the BLM has determined 
that the final rule is not a significant energy action. The rule is not 
a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866 and is not 
likely to have a significant effect on energy supply, distribution or 
use, including a shortfall in supply or price increase. In addition, 
the rule has not been designated as a significant energy action by the 
Chief of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs. However, 
since the final rent schedule is based on average per acre land values 
which have generally

[[Page 65071]]

increased over the past 20 years, rental receipts are expected to 
increase in a like proportion, but still remain a minor component of 
overall costs and/or rates. In addition, the rule preserves existing 
rental exemption and waiver provisions for holders of FLPMA 
authorizations, provides an initial phase-in period to all holders, and 
provides more flexible rent payment options that were lacking in the 
previous regulation.

Executive Order 13352, Facilitation of Cooperative Conservation

    In accordance with Executive Order 13352, the BLM has determined 
that this rule does not impede facilitating cooperative conservation; 
takes appropriate account of and considers the interests of persons 
with ownership or other legally recognized interests in land or other 
natural resources; properly accommodates local participation in the 
Federal decision-making process; and provides that the programs, 
projects, and activities are consistent with protecting public health 
and safety. This rule does not change any provision of the BLM's 
previous right-of-way rule which facilitates cooperative conservation 
in the authorization and administration of right-of-way facilities on 
public lands. The rule maintains all alternatives for maximum 
protection of right-of-way facilities when the land encumbered by the 
facilities is proposed for transfer out of Federal ownership. The grant 
holder will also have the opportunity to negotiate new terms and 
conditions with the new land owner, if the holder so desires. The rule 
does not reduce or eliminate any current provision that requires the 
BLM to coordinate and consult with other affected and/or interested 
parties in the granting or administering of right-of-way facilities on 
public land, including the requirements that the BLM places on right-
of-way holders to protect public health and safety, as well as public 
resources and environmental quality.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    The Office of Management and Budget has approved the information 
collection requirements in the final rule under the Paperwork Reduction 
Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq., and has assigned clearance number 
1004-0189, which expires on November 30, 2008.

Authors

    The principal authors of this rule are Bil Weigand, BLM Idaho State 
Office, and Rick Stamm, BLM Washington Office, assisted by Ian Senio of 
BLM's Division of Regulatory Affairs, Washington Office, and Michael 
Hickey of the Office of the Solicitor.

List of Subjects

43 CFR Part 2800

    Communications, Electric power, Highways and roads, Penalties, 
Public lands and rights-of-way, and Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements.

43 CFR Part 2880

    Administrative practice and procedures, Common carriers, Pipelines, 
Public lands rights-of-way, and Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements.

43 CFR Part 2920

    Penalties, Public lands, and Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements.

    Dated: October 15, 2008.
C. Stephen Allred,
Assistant Secretary, Land and Minerals Management.

0
Accordingly, for the reasons stated in the preamble and under the 
authorities identified below, the BLM amends 43 CFR parts 2800, 2880, 
and 2920 as set forth below:

PART 2800--RIGHTS-OF-WAY UNDER THE FEDERAL LAND POLICY MANAGEMENT 
ACT

0
1. The authority citation for part 2800 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1733, 1740, 1763, and 1764.

Subpart 2805--Terms and Conditions of Grants

0
2. Amend Sec.  2805.11 by revising paragraph (b)(2) to read as follows:


Sec.  2805.11  What does a grant contain?

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (2) All grants, except those issued for a term of 3 years or less 
and those issued in perpetuity, will expire on December 31 of the final 
year of the grant.
* * * * *

0
3. Amend Sec.  2805.14 by revising paragraph (f) to read as follows:


Sec.  2805.14  What rights does a grant convey?

* * * * *
    (f) Assign the grant to another, provided that you obtain the BLM's 
prior written approval, unless your grant specifically states that that 
such approval is unnecessary.

Subpart 2806--Rents

0
4. Amend Sec.  2806.14 by redesignating the introductory text and 
paragraphs (a), (b), (b)(1), (b)(2), (c), and (d) as paragraphs (a) 
introductory text, (a)(1), (a)(2), (a)(2)(i), (a)(2)(ii), (a)(3), and 
(a)(4), respectively, and by adding a new paragraph (b) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  2806.14  Under what circumstances am I exempt from paying rent?

* * * * *
    (b) The exemptions in this section do not apply if you are in 
trespass.

0
5. Revise Sec.  2806.20 to read as follows:


Sec.  2806.20  What is the rent for a linear right-of-way grant?

    (a) Except as described in Sec.  2806.26 of this chapter, the BLM 
will use the Per Acre Rent Schedule (see paragraph (c) of this section) 
to calculate rent for all linear right-of-way authorizations, 
regardless of the granting authority (FLPMA, MLA, and their 
predecessors). Counties (or other geographical areas) are assigned to 
an appropriate zone in accordance with Sec.  2806.21. The BLM will 
adjust the per acre rent values in the schedule annually in accordance 
with Sec.  2806.22(a), and it will revise the schedule at the end of 
each 10-year period in accordance with Sec.  2806.22(b).
    (b) The annual per acre rent for all types of linear right-of-way 
facilities is the product of 4 factors: The per acre zone value 
multiplied by the encumbrance factor multiplied by the rate of return 
multiplied by the annual adjustment factor (see Sec.  2806.22(a)).
    (c) You may obtain a copy of the current Per Acre Rent Schedule 
from any BLM state or field office or by writing: Director, BLM, 1849 C 
St., NW., Mail Stop 1000 LS, Washington, DC 20240. The BLM also posts 
the current rent schedule on the BLM Homepage on the Internet at http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/leaving.cgi?from=leavingFR.html&log=linklog&to=http://www.blm.gov.

0
6. Redesignate Sec. Sec.  2806.21, 2806.22, and 2806.23 as Sec. Sec.  
2806.22, 2806.23, and 2806.24, respectively, and add new Sec.  2806.21 
to read as follows:


Sec.  2806.21  When and how are counties or other geographical areas 
assigned to a County Zone Number and Per Acre Zone Value?

    Counties (or other geographical areas) are assigned to a County 
Zone Number and Per Acre Zone Value based upon 80 percent of their 
average per acre land and building value published in the Census of 
Agriculture (Census) by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS). The initial assignment of counties to the zones will cover 
years 2006 through 2010 of the Per Acre Rent Schedule and is based upon 
data contained in the most recent NASS Census (2002). Subsequent re-
assignments of counties will occur every 5 years (in 2011 based upon 
2007 NASS Census data, in 2016 based upon 2012 NASS Census data, and so 
forth)

[[Page 65072]]

following the publication of the NASS Census.

0
7. Revise redesignated Sec.  2806.22 to read as follows:


Sec.  2806.22  When and how does the Per Acre Rent Schedule change?

    (a) Each calendar year the BLM will adjust the per acre rent values 
in Sec.  2806.20 for all types of linear right-of-way facilities in 
each zone based on the average annual change in the IPD-GDP for the 10-
year period immediately preceding the year that the NASS Census data 
becomes available. For example, the average annual change in the IP-GDP 
from 1994 to 2003 (the 10-year period immediately preceding the year 
(2004) that the 2002 NASS Census data became available) is 1.9 percent. 
This annual adjustment factor is applied to years 2006 through 2015 of 
the Per Acre Rent Schedule. Likewise, the average annual change in the 
IPD-GDP from 2004 to 2013 (the 10-year period immediately preceding the 
year (2014) when the 2012 NASS Census data will become available) will 
be applied to years 2016 through 2025 of the Per Acre Rent Schedule.
    (b) The BLM will review the NASS Census data from the 2012 NASS 
Census, and each subsequent 10-year period, and as appropriate, revise 
the number of county zones and the per acre zone values. Any revision 
must include 100 percent of the number of counties and listed 
geographical areas for all states and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico 
and must reasonably reflect the increases or decreases in the average 
per acre land and building values contained in the NASS Census.

0
8. Revise redesignated Sec.  2806.23 to read as follows:


Sec.  2806.23  How will the BLM calculate my rent for linear rights-of-
way the Per Acre Rent Schedule covers?

    (a) Except as provided by Sec. Sec.  2806.25 and 2806.26, the BLM 
calculates your rent by multiplying the rent per acre for the 
appropriate county (or other geographical area) zone from the current 
schedule by the number of acres (as rounded up to the nearest tenth of 
an acre) in the right-of-way area that fall in each zone and 
multiplying the result by the number of years in the rental payment 
period (the length of time for which the holder is paying rent).
    (b) The BLM will phase-in the initial implementation of the Per 
Acre Rent Schedule (see Sec.  2806.20(c)) by reducing the 2009 per acre 
rent by 25 percent.
    (c) If the BLM has not previously used the rent schedule to 
calculate your rent, we may do so after giving you reasonable written 
notice.

0
9. Revise redesignated Sec.  2806.24 to read as follows:


Sec.  2806.24  How must I make rental payments for a linear grant?

    (a) Term grants. For linear grants, except those issued in 
perpetuity, you must make either nonrefundable annual payments or a 
nonrefundable payment for more than 1 year, as follows:
    (1) One-time payments. You may pay in advance the total rent amount 
for the entire term of the grant or any remaining years.
    (2) Multiple payments. If you choose not to make a one-time 
payment, you must pay according to one of the following methods:
    (i) Payments by individuals. If your annual rent is $100 or less, 
you must pay at 10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the grant. 
If your annual rent is greater than $100, you may pay annually or at 
10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the grant. For example, if 
you have a grant with a remaining term of 30 years, you may pay in 
advance for 10 years, 20 years, or 30 years, but not any other multi-
year period.
    (ii) Payments by all others. If your annual rent is $500 or less, 
you must pay rent at 10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the 
grant. If your annual rent is greater than $500, you may pay annually 
or at 10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the grant.
    (b) Perpetual grants. For linear grants issued in perpetuity 
(except as noted in Sec. Sec.  2806.25 and 2806.26), you must make 
either nonrefundable annual payments or a nonrefundable payment for 
more than 1 year, as follows:
    (1) Payments by individuals. If your annual rent is $100 or less, 
you must pay at 10-year intervals, not to exceed 30 years. If your 
annual rent is greater than $100, you may pay annually or at 10-year 
intervals, not to exceed 30 years.
    (2) Payments by all others. If your annual rent is $500 or less, 
you must pay rent at 10-year intervals, not to exceed 30 years. If your 
annual rent is greater than $500, you may pay annually or at 10-year 
intervals, not to exceed 30 years.
    (c) Proration of payments. The BLM considers the first partial 
calendar year in the initial rental payment period (the length of time 
for which the holder is paying rent) to be the first year of the term. 
The BLM prorates the first year rental amount based on the number of 
months left in the calendar year after the effective date of the grant.

0
10. Add new Sec. Sec.  2806.25 and 2806.26 to read as follows:


Sec.  2806.25  How may I make rental payments when land encumbered by 
my perpetual linear grant (other than an easement issued under Sec.  
2807.15(b)) is being transferred out of Federal ownership?

    (a) One-time payment option for existing perpetual grants. If you 
have a perpetual grant and the land your grant encumbers is being 
transferred out of Federal ownership, you may choose to make a one-time 
rental payment. The BLM will determine the one-time payment for a 
perpetual grant by dividing the current annual rent for the subject 
property by an overall capitalization rate calculated from market data, 
where the overall capitalization rate is the difference between a 
market yield rate and a percent annual rent increase as described in 
the formula in paragraphs (a)(1), (2), and (3) of this section. The 
formula for this calculation is: One-time Rental Payment = Annual Rent/ 
(Y-CR), where:

    (1) Annual Rent = Current Annual Rent Applicable to the Subject 
Property from the Per Acre Rent Schedule;
    (2) Y = Yield Rate from the Per Acre Rent Schedule (5.27 
percent); and
    (3) CR = Annual Percent Change in Rent as Determined by the Most 
Recent 10-Year Average of the difference in the IPD-GDP Index from 
January of one year to January of the following year.

    (b) One-time payment for grants converted to perpetual grants under 
Sec.  2807.15(b). If the land your grant encumbers is being transferred 
out of Federal ownership, and you request a conversion of your grant to 
a perpetual right-of-way grant, you must make a one-time rental payment 
in accordance with Sec.  2806.25(a).
    (c) In paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section, the annual rent is 
determined from the Per Acre Rent Schedule (see Sec.  2806.20(c)) as 
updated under Sec.  2806.22. However, the per acre zone value and zone 
number used in this annual rental determination will be based on the 
per acre land value from acceptable market information or the appraisal 
report, if any, for the land transfer action and not the county average 
per acre land and building value from the NASS Census. You may also 
submit an appraisal report on your own initiative in accordance with 
paragraph (d) of this section.
    (d) When no acceptable market information is available and no 
appraisal report has been completed for the land transfer action or 
when the BLM requests it, you must:
    (1) Prepare an appraisal report using Federal appraisal standards, 
at your expense, that explains how you estimated the land value per 
acre, the

[[Page 65073]]

rate of return, and the encumbrance factor; and
    (2) Submit the appraisal report for consideration by the BLM State 
Director with jurisdiction over the lands encumbered by your 
authorization.


Sec.  2806.26  How may I make rental payments when land encumbered by 
my perpetual easement issued under Sec.  2807.15(b) is being 
transferred out of Federal ownership?

    (a) The BLM will use the appraisal report for the land transfer 
action (i.e., direct or indirect land sales, land exchanges, and other 
land disposal actions) and other acceptable market information to 
determine the one-time rental payment for a perpetual easement issued 
under Sec.  2807.15(b).
    (b) When no acceptable market information is available and no 
appraisal report has been completed for the land transfer action or 
when the BLM requests it, you must prepare an appraisal report as 
required under Sec.  2806.25(d). You may also submit an appraisal 
report on your own initiative in accordance with Sec.  2806.25(d).

Subpart 2807--Grant Administration and Operation

0
11. Amend Sec.  2807.15 by revising paragraph (b) and paragraph (c) to 
read as follows:


Sec.  2807.15  How is grant administration affected if the land my 
grant encumbers is transferred to another Federal agency or out of 
Federal ownership?

* * * * *
    (b) The BLM will provide reasonable notice to you if there is a 
proposal to transfer the land your grant encumbers out of Federal 
ownership. If you request, the BLM will negotiate new grant terms and 
conditions with you. This may include increasing the term of your grant 
to a perpetual grant or providing for an easement. These changes, if 
any, become effective prior to the time the land is transferred out of 
Federal ownership. The BLM may then, in conformance with existing 
policies and procedures:
    (1) Transfer the land subject to your grant or easement. In this 
case, administration of your grant or easement for the lands BLM 
formerly administered is transferred to the new owner of the land;
    (2) Transfer the land, but BLM retains administration of your grant 
or easement; or
    (3) Reserve to the United States the land your grant or easement 
encumbers, and BLM retains administration of your grant or easement.
    (c) You and the new land owner may agree to negotiate new grant 
terms and conditions any time after the land encumbered by your grant 
is transferred out of Federal ownership.

PART 2880--RIGHTS-OF-WAY UNDER THE MINERAL LEASING ACT

0
12. The authority citation for part 2880 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 30 U.S.C. 185 and 189.

Subpart 2885--Terms and Conditions of MLA Grants and TUPs

0
13. Amend Sec.  2885.11 by revising the first sentence of paragraph (a) 
to read as follows:


Sec.  2885.11  What terms and conditions must I comply with?

    (a) Duration. All grants, except those issued for a term of 3 years 
or less, will expire on December 31 of the final year of the grant. * * 
*
* * * * *

0
14. Amend Sec.  2885.12 by revising paragraph (e) to read as follows:


Sec.  2885.12  What rights does a grant or TUP convey?

* * * * *
    (e) Assign the grant or TUP to another, provided that you obtain 
the BLM's prior written approval, unless your grant or TUP specifically 
states that such approval is unnecessary.


0
15. Revise Sec.  2885.19 to read as follows:


Sec.  2885.19  What is the rent for a linear right-of-way grant?

    (a) The BLM will use the Per Acre Rent Schedule (see paragraph (b) 
of this section) to calculate the rent. Counties (or other geographical 
areas) are assigned to a County Zone Number and Per Acre Zone Value 
based upon 80 percent of their average per acre land and building value 
published in the NASS Census. The initial assignment of counties to the 
zones in the Per Acre Rent Schedule for the 5-year period from 2006 to 
2010 is based upon data contained in the most recent NASS Census 
(2002). Subsequent assignments of counties will occur every 5 years 
following the publication of the NASS Census. The Per Acre Rent 
Schedule is also adjusted periodically as follows:
    (1) Each calendar year the BLM will adjust the per acre rent values 
in Sec. Sec.  2806.20 and 2885.19(b) for all types of linear right-of-
way facilities in each zone based on the average annual change in the 
IPD-GDP for the 10-year period immediately preceding the year that the 
NASS Census data becomes available. For example, the average annual 
change in the IPD-GDP from 1994 to 2003 (the 10-year period immediately 
preceding the year (2004) that the 2002 NASS Census data became 
available) is 1.9 percent. This annual adjustment factor is applied to 
years 2006 through 2015 of the Per Acre Rent Schedule. Likewise, the 
average annual change in the IPD-GDP from 2004 to 2013 (the 10-year 
period immediately preceding the year (2014) when the 2012 NASS Census 
data will become available) will be applied to years 2016 through 2025 
of the Per Acre Rent Schedule.
    (2) The BLM will review the NASS Census data from the 2012 NASS 
Census, and each subsequent 10-year period, and as appropriate, revise 
the number of county zones and the per acre zone values. Any revision 
must include 100 percent of the number of counties and listed 
geographical areas for all states and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico 
and must reasonably reflect the increases or decreases in the average 
per acre land and building values contained in the NASS Census.
    (b) You may obtain a copy of the current Per Acre Rent Schedule 
from any BLM State Office or field office or by writing: Director, BLM, 
1849 C St., NW., Mail Stop 1000 LS, Washington, DC 20240. The BLM also 
posts the current rent schedule on the BLM Homepage on the Internet at 
http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/leaving.cgi?from=leavingFR.html&log=linklog&to=http://www.blm.gov.


0
16. Revise Sec.  2885.20 to read as follows:


Sec.  2885.20  How will the BLM calculate my rent for linear rights-of-
way the Per Acre Rent Schedule covers?

    (a) Except as provided by Sec.  2885.22, the BLM calculates your 
rent by multiplying the rent per acre for the appropriate county (or 
other geographical area) zone from the current schedule by the number 
of acres (as rounded up to the nearest tenth of an acre) in the right-
of-way or TUP area that fall in each zone and multiplying the result by 
the number of years in the rental payment period (the length of time 
for which the holder is paying rent).
    (b) Phase-in provisions:
    (1) The BLM will phase-in the initial implementation of the Per 
Acre Rent Schedule (see Sec.  2885.19(b)) by reducing the 2009 per acre 
rent by 25 percent.
    (2) If, as the result of any revisions made to the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule under Sec.  2885.19(a)(2), the payment of your new annual 
rental amount would cause you undue hardship, you may qualify for a 2-
year phase-in period if you are a small business entity as that term is 
defined in Small Business

[[Page 65074]]

Administration regulations and if it is in the public interest. The BLM 
will require you to submit information to support your claim. If 
approved by the BLM State Director, payment of the amount in excess of 
the previous year's rent may be phased-in by equal increments over a 2-
year period. In addition, the BLM will adjust the total calculated rent 
for year 2 of the phase-in period by the annual index provided by Sec.  
2885.19(a)(1).
    (c) If the BLM has not previously used the rent schedule to 
calculate your rent, we may do so after giving you reasonable written 
notice.


0
17. Revise Sec.  2885.21 to read as follows:


Sec.  2885.21  How must I make rental payments for a linear grant or 
TUP?

    (a) Term grants or TUPs. For TUPs you must make a one-time 
nonrefundable payment for the term of the TUP. For grants, except those 
that have been issued in perpetuity, you must make either nonrefundable 
annual payments or a nonrefundable payment for more than 1 year, as 
follows:
    (1) One-time payments. You may pay in advance the total rent amount 
for the entire term of the grant or any remaining years.
    (2) Multiple payments. If you choose not to make a one-time 
payment, you must pay according to one of the following methods:
    (i) Payments by individuals. If your annual rent is $100 or less, 
you must pay at 10-year intervals not to exceed the term of the grant. 
If your annual rent is greater than $100, you may pay annually or at 
10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the grant. For example, if 
you have a grant with a remaining term of 30 years, you may pay in 
advance for 10 years, 20 years, or 30 years, but not any other multi-
year period.
    (ii) Payments by all others. If your annual rent is $500 or less, 
you must pay rent at 10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the 
grant. If your annual rent is greater than $500, you may pay annually 
or at 10-year intervals, not to exceed the term of the grant.
    (b) Perpetual grants issued prior to November 16, 1973. Except as 
provided by Sec.  2885.22(a), you must make either nonrefundable annual 
payments or a nonrefundable payment for more than 1 year, as follows:
    (1) Payments by individuals. If your annual rent is $100 or less, 
you must pay at 10-year intervals, not to exceed 30 years. If your 
annual rent is greater than $100, you may pay annually or at 10-year 
intervals, not to exceed 30 years.
    (2) Payments by all others. If your annual rent is $500 or less, 
you must pay rent at 10-year intervals, not to exceed 30 years. If your 
annual rent is greater than $500, you may pay annually or at 10-year 
intervals, not to exceed 30 years.
    (c) Proration of payments. The BLM considers the first partial 
calendar year in the initial rental payment period (the length of time 
for which the holder is paying rent) to be the first year of the term. 
The BLM prorates the first year rental amount based on the number of 
months left in the calendar year after the effective date of the grant.


0
18. Redesignate Sec. Sec.  2885.22, 2885.23, and 2885.24 as Sec. Sec.  
2885.23, 2885.24, and 2885.25, respectively, and add new Sec.  2885.22 
to read as follows:


Sec.  2885.22  How may I make rental payments when land encumbered by 
my term or perpetual linear grant is being transferred out of Federal 
ownership?

    (a) One-time payment option for existing perpetual grants issued 
prior to November 16, 1973. If you have a perpetual grant and the land 
your grant encumbers is being transferred out of Federal ownership, you 
may choose to make a one-time rental payment. The BLM will determine 
the one-time payment for perpetual right-of-way grants by dividing the 
current annual rent for the subject property by an overall 
capitalization rate calculated from market data, where the overall 
capitalization rate is the difference between a market yield rate and a 
percent annual rent increase as described in the formula in paragraphs 
(a)(1), (2), and (3) of this section. The formula for this calculation 
is: One-time Payment = Annual Rent/(Y-CR), where:

    (1) Annual Rent = Current Annual Rent Applicable to the Subject 
Property from the Per Acre Rent Schedule;
    (2) Y = Yield Rate from the Per Acre Rent Schedule (5.27 
percent); and
    (3) CR = Annual Percent Change in Rent as Determined by the Most 
Recent 10-Year Average of the difference in the IPD-GDP Index from 
January of one year to January of the following year.

    (b) In paragraph (a) of this section, the annual rent is determined 
from the Per Acre Rent Schedule (see Sec.  2885.19(b)), as updated 
under Sec.  2885.19(a)(1) and(2). However, the per acre zone value and 
zone number used in this annual rental determination will be based on 
the per acre land value from acceptable market information or an 
appraisal report, if any, for the land transfer action and not the 
county average per acre land and building value from the NASS Census. 
You may also submit an appraisal report on your own initiative in 
accordance with Sec.  2806.25(d) of this chapter.
    (c) When no acceptable market information is available and no 
appraisal report has been completed for the land transfer action, or 
when the BLM requests it, you must prepare an appraisal report as 
required under Sec.  2806.25(d) of this chapter.
    (d) Term Grant. If the land your grant encumbers is being 
transferred out of Federal ownership, you may pay in advance the total 
rent amount for the entire term of the grant or any remaining years. 
The BLM will use the annual rent calculated from the Per Acre Rent 
Schedule multiplied by the number of years in the rent payment period 
(the length of time for which the holder is paying rent) to determine 
the one-time rent. However, this amount must not exceed the one-time 
rent payment for a perpetual grant as determined under paragraphs (a) 
and (b) of this section.

Subpart 2886--Operations On MLA Grants and TUPs

0
19. Amend Sec.  2886.15 by revising paragraphs (b) and (c) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  2886.15  How is grant or TUP administration affected if the BLM 
land my grant or TUP encumbers is transferred to another Federal agency 
or out of Federal ownership?

* * * * *
    (b) The BLM will provide reasonable notice to you if there is a 
proposal to transfer the BLM land your grant or TUP encumbers out of 
Federal ownership. If you request, the BLM will negotiate new grant or 
TUP terms and conditions with you. This may include increasing the term 
of your grant to a 30-year term or replacing your TUP with a grant. 
These changes, if any, become effective prior to the time the land is 
transferred out of Federal ownership. The BLM may then, in conformance 
with existing policies and procedures:
    (1) Transfer the land subject to your grant or TUP. In this case, 
administration of your grant or TUP for the lands BLM formerly 
administered is transferred to the new owner of the land;
    (2) Transfer the land, but BLM retains administration of your grant 
or TUP; or
    (3) Reserve to the United States the land your grant or TUP 
encumbers, and BLM retains administration of your grant or TUP.
    (c) You and the new land owner may agree to negotiate new grant or 
TUP terms and conditions any time after the land encumbered by your 
grant or TUP is transferred out of Federal ownership.

[[Page 65075]]

Subpart 2888--Trespass


0
20. Amend Sec.  2888.10 by revising paragraph (c) to read as follows:


Sec.  2888.10  What is trespass?

* * * * *
    (c) The BLM will administer trespass actions for grants and TUPs as 
set forth in Sec. Sec.  2808.10(c), and 2808.11 of this chapter.
* * * * *

PART 2920--LEASES, PERMITS, AND EASEMENTS

0
21. The authority citation for part 2920 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 43 U.S.C. 1740.

Subpart 2920--Leases, Permits, and Easements: General Provisions


0
22. Amend Sec.  2920.6(b) by revising the second sentence of paragraph 
(b) to read as follows:


Sec.  2920.6  Reimbursement of Costs.

* * * * *
    (b) * * * The reimbursement of costs shall be in accordance with 
the provisions of Sec. Sec.  2804.14 and 2805.16 of this chapter.
* * * * *

0
23. Amend Sec.  2920.8 by revising paragraph (b) to read as follows:


Sec.  2920.8  Fees.

* * * * *
    (b) Processing and monitoring fee. Each request for renewal, 
transfer, or assignment of a lease or easement shall be accompanied by 
a non-refundable processing and monitoring fee determined in accordance 
with the provisions of Sec. Sec.  2804.14 and 2805.16 of this chapter.

    Note: The following adjusted 2002 NASS Census table of per acre 
land and building value and rent schedule zones is printed for 
information only and will not appear in Title 43 of the Code of 
Federal Regulations. The 2002 NASS Census per acre land and building 
value for each county has been reduced by 20 percent. Please see the 
discussion of section 2806.20 for further explanation. The 20 
percent reduction represents the total value of all irrigated acres, 
plus acres in the ``other'' category (which includes buildings, 
roads, ponds, and wasteland) to total farm real-estate value. 
Counties will be re-assigned to the appropriate rent schedule zone 
in 2011 based upon the adjusted 2007 NASS Census per acre land and 
building value.


                   Adjusted 2002 per Acre Land and Building (L/B) Value and Rent Schedule Zone
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                 80%--2002  L/B   Rent schedule
                    State                                   County                   values            zone
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama......................................  Autauga........................           $1,503                5
Alabama......................................  Baldwin........................            2,002                6
Alabama......................................  Barbour........................              958                3
Alabama......................................  Bibb...........................            1,370                4
Alabama......................................  Blount.........................            2,045                6
Alabama......................................  Bullock........................            1,146                4
Alabama......................................  Butler.........................            1,238                4
Alabama......................................  Calhoun........................            2,078                6
Alabama......................................  Chambers.......................              795                3
Alabama......................................  Cherokee.......................            1,234                4
Alabama......................................  Chilton........................            1,437                4
Alabama......................................  Choctaw........................            1,026                4
Alabama......................................  Clarke.........................            1,042                4
Alabama......................................  Clay...........................            1,112                4
Alabama......................................  Cleburne.......................            1,537                5
Alabama......................................  Coffee.........................              961                3
Alabama......................................  Colbert........................            1,104                4
Alabama......................................  Conecuh........................              887                3
Alabama......................................  Coosa..........................            1,080                4
Alabama......................................  Covington......................            1,293                4
Alabama......................................  Crenshaw.......................            1,064                4
Alabama......................................  Cullman........................            2,534                6
Alabama......................................  Dale...........................            1,138                4
Alabama......................................  Dallas.........................              938                3
Alabama......................................  DeKalb.........................            1,914                5
Alabama......................................  Elmore.........................            1,574                5
Alabama......................................  Escambia.......................            1,141                4
Alabama......................................  Etowah.........................            2,285                6
Alabama......................................  Fayette........................              886                3
Alabama......................................  Franklin.......................            1,132                4
Alabama......................................  Geneva.........................            1,210                4
Alabama......................................  Greene.........................              882                3
Alabama......................................  Hale...........................              931                3
Alabama......................................  Henry..........................              959                3
Alabama......................................  Houston........................            1,074                4
Alabama......................................  Jackson........................            1,758                5
Alabama......................................  Jefferson......................            2,086                6
Alabama......................................  Lamar..........................              929                3
Alabama......................................  Lauderdale.....................            1,446                4
Alabama......................................  Lawrence.......................            1,373                4
Alabama......................................  Lee............................            1,824                5
Alabama......................................  Limestone......................            1,770                5
Alabama......................................  Lowndes........................              915                3
Alabama......................................  Macon..........................            1,052                4
Alabama......................................  Madison........................            1,729                5
Alabama......................................  Marengo........................              801                3

[[Page 65076]]


Alabama......................................  Marion.........................            1,187                4
Alabama......................................  Marshall.......................            2,180                6
Alabama......................................  Mobile.........................            2,689                6
Alabama......................................  Monroe.........................            1,094                4
Alabama......................................  Montgomery.....................            1,558                5
Alabama......................................  Morgan.........................            2,250                6
Alabama......................................  Perry..........................              764                3
Alabama......................................  Pickens........................            1,002                4
Alabama......................................  Pike...........................            1,138                4
Alabama......................................  Randolph.......................            1,518                5
Alabama......................................  Russell........................            1,043                4
Alabama......................................  Shelby.........................            2,236                6
Alabama......................................  St. Clair......................            1,891                5
Alabama......................................  Sumter.........................              814                3
Alabama......................................  Talladega......................            2,054                6
Alabama......................................  Tallapoosa.....................            1,158                4
Alabama......................................  Tuscaloosa.....................            1,578                5
Alabama......................................  Walker.........................            1,385                4
Alabama......................................  Washington.....................            1,194                4
Alabama......................................  Wilcox.........................              810                3
Alabama......................................  Winston........................            1,510                5
Alaska.......................................  Aleutian Islands Area..........               86                1
Alaska.......................................  Anchorage Area.................            1,839                5
Alaska.......................................  Fairbanks Area.................              524                3
Alaska.......................................  Juneau Area....................           35,743               11
Alaska.......................................  Kenai Peninsula................            1,130                4
Arizona......................................  Apache.........................              116                1
Arizona......................................  Cochise........................              505                3
Arizona......................................  Coconino.......................              129                1
Arizona......................................  Gila...........................              220                1
Arizona......................................  Graham.........................              384                2
Arizona......................................  Greenlee.......................            1,204                4
Arizona......................................  La Paz.........................              503                3
Arizona......................................  Maricopa.......................            2,421                6
Arizona......................................  Mohave.........................              348                2
Arizona......................................  Navajo.........................              143                1
Arizona......................................  Pima...........................              236                1
Arizona......................................  Pinal..........................              984                3
Arizona......................................  Santa Cruz.....................            1,147                4
Arizona......................................  Yavapai........................              497                2
Arizona......................................  Yuma...........................            3,635                7
Arkansas.....................................  Arkansas.......................            1,120                4
Arkansas.....................................  Ashley.........................            1,091                4
Arkansas.....................................  Baxter.........................            1,358                4
Arkansas.....................................  Benton.........................            2,425                6
Arkansas.....................................  Boone..........................            1,447                4
Arkansas.....................................  Bradley........................            1,518                5
Arkansas.....................................  Calhoun........................            1,022                4
Arkansas.....................................  Carroll........................            1,336                4
Arkansas.....................................  Chicot.........................              937                3
Arkansas.....................................  Clark..........................            1,145                4
Arkansas.....................................  Clay...........................            1,301                4
Arkansas.....................................  Cleburne.......................            1,378                4
Arkansas.....................................  Cleveland......................            1,756                5
Arkansas.....................................  Columbia.......................            1,247                4
Arkansas.....................................  Conway.........................            1,338                4
Arkansas.....................................  Craighead......................            1,376                4
Arkansas.....................................  Crawford.......................            1,406                4
Arkansas.....................................  Crittenden.....................            1,032                4
Arkansas.....................................  Cross..........................            1,108                4
Arkansas.....................................  Dallas.........................            1,043                4
Arkansas.....................................  Desha..........................              882                3
Arkansas.....................................  Drew...........................            1,004                4
Arkansas.....................................  Faulkner.......................            1,458                4
Arkansas.....................................  Franklin.......................            1,271                4
Arkansas.....................................  Fulton.........................              815                3
Arkansas.....................................  Garland........................            1,808                5
Arkansas.....................................  Grant..........................            1,373                4
Arkansas.....................................  Greene.........................            1,245                4
Arkansas.....................................  Hempstead......................            1,117                4
Arkansas.....................................  Hot Spring.....................            1,242                4

[[Page 65077]]


Arkansas.....................................  Howard.........................            1,318                4
Arkansas.....................................  Independence...................              994                3
Arkansas.....................................  Izard..........................              922                3
Arkansas.....................................  Jackson........................              947                3
Arkansas.....................................  Jefferson......................              973                3
Arkansas.....................................  Johnson........................            1,787                5
Arkansas.....................................  Lafayette......................              854                3
Arkansas.....................................  Lawrence.......................            1,020                4
Arkansas.....................................  Lee............................              826                3
Arkansas.....................................  Lincoln........................              917                3
Arkansas.....................................  Little River...................              897                3
Arkansas.....................................  Logan..........................            1,218                4
Arkansas.....................................  Lonoke.........................            1,111                4
Arkansas.....................................  Madison........................            1,097                4
Arkansas.....................................  Marion.........................            1,050                4
Arkansas.....................................  Miller.........................              836                3
Arkansas.....................................  Mississippi....................            1,081                4
Arkansas.....................................  Monroe.........................              935                3
Arkansas.....................................  Montgomery.....................            1,199                4
Arkansas.....................................  Nevada.........................              860                3
Arkansas.....................................  Newton.........................            1,196                4
Arkansas.....................................  Ouachita.......................            1,142                4
Arkansas.....................................  Perry..........................            1,418                4
Arkansas.....................................  Phillips.......................              836                3
Arkansas.....................................  Pike...........................            1,430                4
Arkansas.....................................  Poinsett.......................            1,272                4
Arkansas.....................................  Polk...........................            1,370                4
Arkansas.....................................  Pope...........................            1,557                5
Arkansas.....................................  Prairie........................              996                3
Arkansas.....................................  Pulaski........................            1,414                4
Arkansas.....................................  Randolph.......................            1,033                4
Arkansas.....................................  Saline.........................            1,914                5
Arkansas.....................................  Scott..........................            1,267                4
Arkansas.....................................  Searcy.........................              795                3
Arkansas.....................................  Sebastian......................            1,717                5
Arkansas.....................................  Sevier.........................            1,358                4
Arkansas.....................................  Sharp..........................              818                3
Arkansas.....................................  St. Francis....................              974                3
Arkansas.....................................  Stone..........................              810                3
Arkansas.....................................  Union..........................            1,710                5
Arkansas.....................................  Van Buren......................            1,140                4
Arkansas.....................................  Washington.....................            2,223                6
Arkansas.....................................  White..........................            1,269                4
Arkansas.....................................  Woodruff.......................              908                3
Arkansas.....................................  Yell...........................            1,022                4
California...................................  Alameda........................            2,230                6
California...................................  Alpine.........................            2,000                5
California...................................  Amador.........................            1,553                5
California...................................  Butte..........................            3,521                7
California...................................  Calaveras......................            1,433                4
California...................................  Colusa.........................            2,109                6
California...................................  Contra Costa...................            6,435                8
California...................................  Del Norte......................            3,433                7
California...................................  El Dorado......................            2,277                6
California...................................  Fresno.........................            2,890                6
California...................................  Glenn..........................            1,917                5
California...................................  Humboldt.......................              950                3
California...................................  Imperial.......................            2,381                6
California...................................  Inyo...........................              777                3
California...................................  Kern...........................            1,453                4
California...................................  Kings..........................            2,914                6
California...................................  Lake...........................            3,985                7
California...................................  Lassen.........................              555                3
California...................................  Los Angeles....................           12,435                9
California...................................  Madera.........................            2,496                6
California...................................  Marin..........................            2,926                6
California...................................  Mariposa.......................              804                3
California...................................  Mendocino......................            1,877                5
California...................................  Merced.........................            3,061                7
California...................................  Modoc..........................              554                3
California...................................  Mono...........................            1,249                4

[[Page 65078]]


California...................................  Monterey.......................            2,598                6
California...................................  Napa...........................           15,480                9
California...................................  Nevada.........................            2,734                6
California...................................  Orange.........................            8,529                8
California...................................  Placer.........................            3,879                7
California...................................  Plumas.........................              818                3
California...................................  Riverside......................            3,864                7
California...................................  Sacramento.....................            3,588                7
California...................................  San Benito.....................            1,502                5
California...................................  San Bernardino.................            1,715                5
California...................................  San Diego......................            6,108                8
California...................................  San Francisco..................           25,791               10
California...................................  San Joaquin....................            5,338                8
California...................................  San Luis Obispo................            2,141                6
California...................................  San Mateo......................            4,783                7
California...................................  Santa Barbara..................            2,947                6
California...................................  Santa Clara....................            2,310                6
California...................................  Santa Cruz.....................            7,468                8
California...................................  Shasta.........................            1,386                4
California...................................  Sierra.........................            1,210                4
California...................................  Siskiyou.......................            1,148                4
California...................................  Solano.........................            3,067                7
California...................................  Sonoma.........................            8,846                8
California...................................  Stanislaus.....................            4,854                7
California...................................  Sutter.........................            3,251                7
California...................................  Tehama.........................            1,326                4
California...................................  Trinity........................              511                3
California...................................  Tulare.........................            3,159                7
California...................................  Tuolumne.......................            1,331                4
California...................................  Ventura........................            7,071                8
California...................................  Yolo...........................            2,916                6
California...................................  Yuba...........................            2,755                6
Colorado.....................................  Adams..........................              721                3
Colorado.....................................  Alamosa........................              965                3
Colorado.....................................  Arapahoe.......................              682                3
Colorado.....................................  Archuleta......................            1,022                4
Colorado.....................................  Baca...........................              234                1
Colorado.....................................  Bent...........................              256                2
Colorado.....................................  Boulder........................            6,111                8
Colorado.....................................  Broomfield*....................              605                3
Colorado.....................................  Chaffee........................            1,674                5
Colorado.....................................  Cheyenne.......................              259                2
Colorado.....................................  Clear Creek....................            1,332                4
Colorado.....................................  Conejos........................              670                3
Colorado.....................................  Costilla.......................              401                2
Colorado.....................................  Crowley........................              226                1
Colorado.....................................  Custer.........................            1,242                4
Colorado.....................................  Delta..........................            1,674                5
Colorado.....................................  Denver*........................              605                3
Colorado.....................................  Dolores........................              757                3
Colorado.....................................  Douglas........................            2,452                6
Colorado.....................................  Eagle..........................            1,207                4
Colorado.....................................  El Paso........................              704                3
Colorado.....................................  Elbert.........................              555                3
Colorado.....................................  Fremont........................              835                3
Colorado.....................................  Garfield.......................            1,034                4
Colorado.....................................  Gilpin.........................            2,230                6
Colorado.....................................  Grand..........................              965                3
Colorado.....................................  Gunnison.......................            1,482                4
Colorado.....................................  Hinsdale.......................            2,341                6
Colorado.....................................  Huerfano.......................              343                2
Colorado.....................................  Jackson........................              416                2
Colorado.....................................  Jefferson......................            3,917                7
Colorado.....................................  Kiowa..........................              246                1
Colorado.....................................  Kit Carson.....................              371                2
Colorado.....................................  La Plata.......................              816                3
Colorado.....................................  Lake...........................            1,105                4
Colorado.....................................  Larimer........................            1,849                5
Colorado.....................................  Las Animas.....................              194                1
Colorado.....................................  Lincoln........................              201                1
Colorado.....................................  Logan..........................              448                2

[[Page 65079]]


Colorado.....................................  Mesa...........................            1,141                4
Colorado.....................................  Mineral........................            1,250                4
Colorado.....................................  Moffat.........................              333                2
Colorado.....................................  Montezuma......................              413                2
Colorado.....................................  Montrose.......................              944                3
Colorado.....................................  Morgan.........................              641                3
Colorado.....................................  Otero..........................              306                2
Colorado.....................................  Ouray..........................            1,204                4
Colorado.....................................  Park...........................              627                3
Colorado.....................................  Phillips.......................              574                3
Colorado.....................................  Pitkin.........................            4,741                7
Colorado.....................................  Prowers........................              334                2
Colorado.....................................  Pueblo.........................              393                2
Colorado.....................................  Rio Blanco.....................              535                3
Colorado.....................................  Rio Grande.....................            1,462                4
Colorado.....................................  Routt..........................            1,512                5
Colorado.....................................  Saguache.......................              567                3
Colorado.....................................  San Juan*......................              605                3
Colorado.....................................  San Miguel.....................              770                3
Colorado.....................................  Sedgwick.......................              588                3
Colorado.....................................  Summit.........................            1,413                4
Colorado.....................................  Teller.........................            1,027                4
Colorado.....................................  Washington.....................              334                2
Colorado.....................................  Weld...........................            1,103                4
Colorado.....................................  Yuma...........................              458                2
Connecticut..................................  Fairfield......................           20,931               10
Connecticut..................................  Litchfield.....................            6,889                8
Connecticut..................................  Middlesex......................            9,966                8
Connecticut..................................  New Haven......................           10,904                9
Connecticut..................................  New London.....................            5,511                8
Connecticut..................................  Tolland........................            4,532                7
Connecticut..................................  Windham........................            5,262                8
Delaware.....................................  Kent...........................            2,798                6
Delaware.....................................  New Castle.....................            4,545                7
Delaware.....................................  Sussex.........................            3,161                7
Florida......................................  Alachua........................            2,578                6
Florida......................................  Baker..........................            3,163                7
Florida......................................  Bay............................            2,101                6
Florida......................................  Bradford.......................            1,988                5
Florida......................................  Brevard........................            1,908                5
Florida......................................  Broward........................           16,338                9
Florida......................................  Calhoun........................            1,277                4
Florida......................................  Charlotte......................            1,381                4
Florida......................................  Citrus.........................            1,998                5
Florida......................................  Clay...........................            1,986                5
Florida......................................  Collier........................            2,128                6
Florida......................................  Columbia.......................            1,212                4
Florida......................................  Dade...........................            7,781                8
Florida......................................  DeSoto.........................            1,932                5
Florida......................................  Dixie..........................            1,442                4
Florida......................................  Duval..........................            4,849                7
Florida......................................  Escambia.......................            1,906                5
Florida......................................  Flagler........................            1,307                4
Florida......................................  Franklin.......................              932                3
Florida......................................  Gadsden........................            1,937                5
Florida......................................  Gilchrist......................            1,858                5
Florida......................................  Glades.........................            1,479                4
Florida......................................  Gulf...........................            1,509                5
Florida......................................  Hamilton.......................            1,135                4
Florida......................................  Hardee.........................            1,873                5
Florida......................................  Hendry.........................            3,077                7
Florida......................................  Hernando.......................            4,074                7
Florida......................................  Highlands......................            1,805                5
Florida......................................  Hillsborough...................            4,328                7
Florida......................................  Holmes.........................            1,288                4
Florida......................................  Indian River...................            2,375                6
Florida......................................  Jackson........................            1,182                4
Florida......................................  Jefferson......................            1,480                4
Florida......................................  Lafayette......................            1,074                4
Florida......................................  Lake...........................            3,432                7
Florida......................................  Lee............................            2,634                6

[[Page 65080]]


Florida......................................  Leon...........................            1,668                5
Florida......................................  Levy...........................            1,519                5
Florida......................................  Liberty........................            1,093                4
Florida......................................  Madison........................            1,229                4
Florida......................................  Manatee........................            2,514                6
Florida......................................  Marion.........................            3,994                7
Florida......................................  Martin.........................            2,083                6
Florida......................................  Monroe.........................           16,556                9
Florida......................................  Nassau.........................            3,818                7
Florida......................................  Okaloosa.......................            2,031                6
Florida......................................  Okeechobee.....................            1,630                5
Florida......................................  Orange.........................            3,145                7
Florida......................................  Osceola........................            1,352                4
Florida......................................  Palm Beach.....................            2,678                6
Florida......................................  Pasco..........................            3,090                7
Florida......................................  Pinellas.......................           25,386               10
Florida......................................  Polk...........................            2,319                6
Florida......................................  Putnam.........................            1,984                5
Florida......................................  Santa Rosa.....................            2,119                6
Florida......................................  Sarasota.......................            2,396                6
Florida......................................  Seminole.......................            4,910                7
Florida......................................  St. Johns......................            3,452                7
Florida......................................  St. Lucie......................            2,591                6
Florida......................................  Sumter.........................            1,924                5
Florida......................................  Suwannee.......................            2,002                6
Florida......................................  Taylor.........................            1,034                4
Florida......................................  Union..........................            1,054                4
Florida......................................  Volusia........................            3,486                7
Florida......................................  Wakulla........................            2,313                6
Florida......................................  Walton.........................            1,511                5
Florida......................................  Washington.....................            1,830                5
Georgia......................................  Appling........................            1,253                4
Georgia......................................  Atkinson.......................            1,135                4
Georgia......................................  Bacon..........................            1,744                5
Georgia......................................  Baker..........................            1,401                4
Georgia......................................  Baldwin........................            1,875                5
Georgia......................................  Banks..........................            4,026                7
Georgia......................................  Barrow.........................            4,628                7
Georgia......................................  Bartow.........................            2,331                6
Georgia......................................  Ben Hill.......................            1,146                4
Georgia......................................  Berrien........................            1,344                4
Georgia......................................  Bibb...........................            1,883                5
Georgia......................................  Bleckley.......................            1,318                4
Georgia......................................  Brantley.......................            1,282                4
Georgia......................................  Brooks.........................            1,282                4
Georgia......................................  Bryan..........................            1,350                4
Georgia......................................  Bulloch........................            1,303                4
Georgia......................................  Burke..........................            1,075                4
Georgia......................................  Butts..........................            1,629                5
Georgia......................................  Calhoun........................            1,038                4
Georgia......................................  Camden.........................            1,292                4
Georgia......................................  Candler........................            1,083                4
Georgia......................................  Carroll........................            3,118                7
Georgia......................................  Catoosa........................            3,102                7
Georgia......................................  Charlton.......................            1,546                5
Georgia......................................  Chatham........................            1,650                5
Georgia......................................  Chattahoochee..................            1,181                4
Georgia......................................  Chattooga......................            1,359                4
Georgia......................................  Cherokee.......................            6,686                8
Georgia......................................  Clarke.........................            3,274                7
Georgia......................................  Clay...........................              822                3
Georgia......................................  Clayton........................            4,351                7
Georgia......................................  Clinch.........................            1,354                4
Georgia......................................  Cobb...........................            7,290                8
Georgia......................................  Coffee.........................            1,267                4
Georgia......................................  Colquitt.......................            1,266                4
Georgia......................................  Columbia.......................            3,238                7
Georgia......................................  Cook...........................            1,491                4
Georgia......................................  Coweta.........................            4,432                7
Georgia......................................  Crawford.......................            1,594                5
Georgia......................................  Crisp..........................            1,396                4

[[Page 65081]]


Georgia......................................  Dade...........................            1,649                5
Georgia......................................  Dawson.........................            3,659                7
Georgia......................................  Decatur........................            1,322                4
Georgia......................................  DeKalb.........................            5,182                8
Georgia......................................  Dodge..........................              821                3
Georgia......................................  Dooly..........................            1,043                4
Georgia......................................  Dougherty......................            1,063                4
Georgia......................................  Douglas........................            4,642                7
Georgia......................................  Early..........................            1,055                4
Georgia......................................  Echols.........................            1,282                4
Georgia......................................  Effingham......................            1,392                4
Georgia......................................  Elbert.........................            1,714                5
Georgia......................................  Emanuel........................              980                3
Georgia......................................  Evans..........................            1,324                4
Georgia......................................  Fannin.........................            2,839                6
Georgia......................................  Fayette........................            4,005                7
Georgia......................................  Floyd..........................            2,120                6
Georgia......................................  Forsyth........................            5,986                8
Georgia......................................  Franklin.......................            3,646                7
Georgia......................................  Fulton.........................            4,645                7
Georgia......................................  Gilmer.........................            3,672                7
Georgia......................................  Glascock.......................            1,250                4
Georgia......................................  Glynn..........................            1,443                4
Georgia......................................  Gordon.........................            3,117                7
Georgia......................................  Grady..........................            1,459                4
Georgia......................................  Greene.........................            2,326                6
Georgia......................................  Gwinnett.......................            5,179                8
Georgia......................................  Habersham......................            4,229                7
Georgia......................................  Hall...........................            4,307                7
Georgia......................................  Hancock........................              942                3
Georgia......................................  Haralson.......................            2,262                6
Georgia......................................  Harris.........................            1,510                5
Georgia......................................  Hart...........................            2,715                6
Georgia......................................  Heard..........................            1,740                5
Georgia......................................  Henry..........................            3,381                7
Georgia......................................  Houston........................            1,758                5
Georgia......................................  Irwin..........................            1,134                4
Georgia......................................  Jackson........................            4,452                7
Georgia......................................  Jasper.........................            1,799                5
Georgia......................................  Jeff Davis.....................            1,207                4
Georgia......................................  Jefferson......................            1,058                4
Georgia......................................  Jenkins........................            1,070                4
Georgia......................................  Johnson........................            1,270                4
Georgia......................................  Jones..........................            1,688                5
Georgia......................................  Lamar..........................            1,960                5
Georgia......................................  Lanier.........................              945                3
Georgia......................................  Laurens........................            1,087                4
Georgia......................................  Lee............................            1,235                4
Georgia......................................  Liberty........................            1,860                5
Georgia......................................  Lincoln........................            2,126                6
Georgia......................................  Long...........................            1,163                4
Georgia......................................  Lowndes........................            1,637                5
Georgia......................................  Lumpkin........................            4,877                7
Georgia......................................  Macon..........................            1,350                4
Georgia......................................  Madison........................            3,704                7
Georgia......................................  Marion.........................            1,231                4
Georgia......................................  McDuffie.......................            1,593                5
Georgia......................................  McIntosh.......................            1,294                4
Georgia......................................  Meriwether.....................            1,598                5
Georgia......................................  Miller.........................            1,310                4
Georgia......................................  Monroe.........................            1,735                5
Georgia......................................  Montgomery.....................            1,120                4
Georgia......................................  Morgan.........................            2,814                6
Georgia......................................  Murray.........................            2,422                6
Georgia......................................  Muscogee.......................            2,580                6
Georgia......................................  Newton.........................            3,293                7
Georgia......................................  Oconee.........................            3,876                7
Georgia......................................  Oglethorpe.....................            2,662                6
Georgia......................................  Paulding.......................            5,219                8
Georgia......................................  Peach..........................            1,900                5
Georgia......................................  Pickens........................            4,625                7

[[Page 65082]]


Georgia......................................  Pierce.........................            1,230                4
Georgia......................................  Pike...........................            3,001                6
Georgia......................................  Polk...........................            1,918                5
Georgia......................................  Pulaski........................            1,121                4
Georgia......................................  Putnam.........................            2,178                6
Georgia......................................  Quitman........................            1,090                4
Georgia......................................  Rabun..........................            4,870                7
Georgia......................................  Randolph.......................              963                3
Georgia......................................  Richmond.......................            2,334                6
Georgia......................................  Rockdale.......................            4,574                7
Georgia......................................  Schley.........................            1,269                4
Georgia......................................  Screven........................            1,084                4
Georgia......................................  Seminole.......................            1,238                4
Georgia......................................  Spalding.......................            3,675                7
Georgia......................................  Stephens.......................            3,558                7
Georgia......................................  Stewart........................            1,125                4
Georgia......................................  Sumter.........................            1,137                4
Georgia......................................  Talbot.........................            1,364                4
Georgia......................................  Taliaferro.....................            1,333                4
Georgia......................................  Tattnall.......................            1,590                5
Georgia......................................  Taylor.........................            1,289                4
Georgia......................................  Telfair........................            1,249                4
Georgia......................................  Terrell........................            1,085                4
Georgia......................................  Thomas.........................            1,238                4
Georgia......................................  Tift...........................            1,628                5
Georgia......................................  Toombs.........................            1,222                4
Georgia......................................  Towns..........................            3,102                7
Georgia......................................  Treutlen.......................            1,097                4
Georgia......................................  Troup..........................            1,300                4
Georgia......................................  Turner.........................            1,295                4
Georgia......................................  Twiggs.........................            1,161                4
Georgia......................................  Union..........................            4,348                7
Georgia......................................  Upson..........................            1,788                5
Georgia......................................  Walker.........................            2,043                6
Georgia......................................  Walton.........................            5,206                8
Georgia......................................  Ware...........................            1,218                4
Georgia......................................  Warren.........................            1,082                4
Georgia......................................  Washington.....................            1,230                4
Georgia......................................  Wayne..........................            1,435                4
Georgia......................................  Webster........................            1,144                4
Georgia......................................  Wheeler........................              971                3
Georgia......................................  White..........................            4,816                7
Georgia......................................  Whitfield......................            1,968                5
Georgia......................................  Wilcox.........................            1,050                4
Georgia......................................  Wilkes.........................            1,394                4
Georgia......................................  Wilkinson......................            1,106                4
Georgia......................................  Worth..........................            1,246                4
Hawaii.......................................  Hawaii.........................            2,258                6
Hawaii.......................................  Honolulu.......................            6,686                8
Hawaii.......................................  Kauai..........................            3,191                7
Hawaii.......................................  Maui...........................            3,290                7
Idaho........................................  Ada............................            2,777                6
Idaho........................................  Adams..........................              454                2
Idaho........................................  Bannock........................              585                3
Idaho........................................  Bear Lake......................              632                3
Idaho........................................  Benewah........................              970                3
Idaho........................................  Bingham........................              921                3
Idaho........................................  Blaine.........................            1,043                4
Idaho........................................  Boise..........................              808                3
Idaho........................................  Bonner.........................            2,327                6
Idaho........................................  Bonneville.....................            1,042                4
Idaho........................................  Boundary.......................            1,913                5
Idaho........................................  Butte..........................              703                3
Idaho........................................  Camas..........................              558                3
Idaho........................................  Canyon.........................            3,375                7
Idaho........................................  Caribou........................              541                3
Idaho........................................  Cassia.........................              789                3
Idaho........................................  Clark..........................              518                3
Idaho........................................  Clearwater.....................            1,028                4
Idaho........................................  Custer.........................            1,469                4
Idaho........................................  Elmore.........................              575                3

[[Page 65083]]


Idaho........................................  Franklin.......................              862                3
Idaho........................................  Fremont........................              918                3
Idaho........................................  Gem............................              987                3
Idaho........................................  Gooding........................            2,028                6
Idaho........................................  Idaho..........................              596                3
Idaho........................................  Jefferson......................            1,406                4
Idaho........................................  Jerome.........................            1,510                5
Idaho........................................  Kootenai.......................            1,812                5
Idaho........................................  Latah..........................            1,120                4
Idaho........................................  Lemhi..........................              982                3
Idaho........................................  Lewis..........................              664                3
Idaho........................................  Lincoln........................              754                3
Idaho........................................  Madison........................            1,826                5
Idaho........................................  Minidoka.......................            1,600                5
Idaho........................................  Nez Perce......................              682                3
Idaho........................................  Oneida.........................              534                3
Idaho........................................  Owyhee.........................              551                3
Idaho........................................  Payette........................            1,388                4
Idaho........................................  Power..........................              789                3
Idaho........................................  Shoshone.......................            2,754                6
Idaho........................................  Teton..........................            1,970                5
Idaho........................................  Twin Falls.....................            1,557                5
Idaho........................................  Valley.........................            1,219                4
Idaho........................................  Washington.....................              589                3
Illinois.....................................  Adams..........................            1,624                5
Illinois.....................................  Alexander......................            1,044                4
Illinois.....................................  Bond...........................            1,682                5
Illinois.....................................  Boone..........................            2,739                6
Illinois.....................................  Brown..........................            1,330                4
Illinois.....................................  Bureau.........................            2,124                6
Illinois.....................................  Calhoun........................            1,246                4
Illinois.....................................  Carroll........................            1,902                5
Illinois.....................................  Cass...........................            1,682                5
Illinois.....................................  Champaign......................            2,312                6
Illinois.....................................  Christian......................            2,024                6
Illinois.....................................  Clark..........................            1,560                5
Illinois.....................................  Clay...........................            1,268                4
Illinois.....................................  Clinton........................            1,973                5
Illinois.....................................  Coles..........................            2,173                6
Illinois.....................................  Cook...........................            5,029                8
Illinois.....................................  Crawford.......................            1,370                4
Illinois.....................................  Cumberland.....................            1,698                5
Illinois.....................................  De Witt........................            2,410                6
Illinois.....................................  DeKalb.........................            3,007                7
Illinois.....................................  Douglas........................            2,376                6
Illinois.....................................  DuPage.........................            4,045                7
Illinois.....................................  Edgar..........................            1,873                5
Illinois.....................................  Edwards........................            1,273                4
Illinois.....................................  Effingham......................            1,736                5
Illinois.....................................  Fayette........................            1,371                4
Illinois.....................................  Ford...........................            2,086                6
Illinois.....................................  Franklin.......................            1,258                4
Illinois.....................................  Fulton.........................            1,509                5
Illinois.....................................  Gallatin.......................            1,198                4
Illinois.....................................  Greene.........................            1,484                4
Illinois.....................................  Grundy.........................            2,477                6
Illinois.....................................  Hamilton.......................            1,298                4
Illinois.....................................  Hancock........................            2,035                6
Illinois.....................................  Hardin.........................            1,389                4
Illinois.....................................  Henderson......................            1,802                5
Illinois.....................................  Henry..........................            1,966                5
Illinois.....................................  Iroquois.......................            1,922                5
Illinois.....................................  Jackson........................            1,338                4
Illinois.....................................  Jasper.........................            1,606                5
Illinois.....................................  Jefferson......................            1,066                4
Illinois.....................................  Jersey.........................            1,722                5
Illinois.....................................  Jo Daviess.....................            1,752                5
Illinois.....................................  Johnson........................            1,090                4
Illinois.....................................  Kane...........................            3,086                7
Illinois.....................................  Kankakee.......................            2,250                6
Illinois.....................................  Kendall........................            3,365                7

[[Page 65084]]


Illinois.....................................  Knox...........................            1,904                5
Illinois.....................................  La Salle.......................            2,485                6
Illinois.....................................  Lake...........................            3,724                7
Illinois.....................................  Lawrence.......................            1,413                4
Illinois.....................................  Lee............................            2,398                6
Illinois.....................................  Livingston.....................            2,126                6
Illinois.....................................  Logan..........................            2,246                6
Illinois.....................................  Macon..........................            2,446                6
Illinois.....................................  Macoupin.......................            1,890                5
Illinois.....................................  Madison........................            1,982                5
Illinois.....................................  Marion.........................            1,286                4
Illinois.....................................  Marshall.......................            2,163                6
Illinois.....................................  Mason..........................            1,746                5
Illinois.....................................  Massac.........................            1,001                3
Illinois.....................................  McDonough......................            1,798                5
Illinois.....................................  McHenry........................            3,410                7
Illinois.....................................  McLean.........................            2,330                6
Illinois.....................................  Menard.........................            1,937                5
Illinois.....................................  Mercer.........................            1,773                5
Illinois.....................................  Monroe.........................            2,034                6
Illinois.....................................  Montgomery.....................            1,626                5
Illinois.....................................  Morgan.........................            1,920                5
Illinois.....................................  Moultrie.......................            2,362                6
Illinois.....................................  Ogle...........................            2,505                6
Illinois.....................................  Peoria.........................            2,203                6
Illinois.....................................  Perry..........................            1,138                4
Illinois.....................................  Piatt..........................            2,385                6
Illinois.....................................  Pike...........................            1,472                4
Illinois.....................................  Pope...........................              924                3
Illinois.....................................  Pulaski........................            1,134                4
Illinois.....................................  Putnam.........................            2,310                6
Illinois.....................................  Randolph.......................            1,551                5
Illinois.....................................  Richland.......................            1,435                4
Illinois.....................................  Rock Island....................            2,114                6
Illinois.....................................  Saline.........................            1,230                4
Illinois.....................................  Sangamon.......................            2,263                6
Illinois.....................................  Schuyler.......................            1,279                4
Illinois.....................................  Scott..........................            1,642                5
Illinois.....................................  Shelby.........................            1,873                5
Illinois.....................................  St. Clair......................            2,207                6
Illinois.....................................  Stark..........................            2,105                6
Illinois.....................................  Stephenson.....................            1,910                5
Illinois.....................................  Tazewell.......................            2,290                6
Illinois.....................................  Union..........................            1,555                5
Illinois.....................................  Vermilion......................            1,974                5
Illinois.....................................  Wabash.........................            1,378                4
Illinois.....................................  Warren.........................            2,014                6
Illinois.....................................  Washington.....................            1,520                5
Illinois.....................................  Wayne..........................              991                3
Illinois.....................................  White..........................            1,287                4
Illinois.....................................  Whiteside......................            2,032                6
Illinois.....................................  Will...........................            3,722                7
Illinois.....................................  Williamson.....................            1,609                5
Illinois.....................................  Winnebago......................            2,365                6
Illinois.....................................  Woodford.......................            2,394                6
Indiana......................................  Adams..........................            2,304                6
Indiana......................................  Allen..........................            2,679                6
Indiana......................................  Bartholomew....................            2,366                6
Indiana......................................  Benton.........................            1,995                5
Indiana......................................  Blackford......................            1,760                5
Indiana......................................  Boone..........................            2,555                6
Indiana......................................  Brown..........................            2,213                6
Indiana......................................  Carroll........................            2,186                6
Indiana......................................  Cass...........................            1,911                5
Indiana......................................  Clark..........................            2,621                6
Indiana......................................  Clay...........................            1,621                5
Indiana......................................  Clinton........................            2,182                6
Indiana......................................  Crawford.......................            1,460                4
Indiana......................................  Daviess........................            1,620                5
Indiana......................................  Dearborn.......................            2,594                6
Indiana......................................  Decatur........................            2,113                6

[[Page 65085]]


Indiana......................................  DeKalb.........................            1,762                5
Indiana......................................  Delaware.......................            2,032                6
Indiana......................................  Dubois.........................            1,853                5
Indiana......................................  Elkhart........................            3,042                7
Indiana......................................  Fayette........................            1,834                5
Indiana......................................  Floyd..........................            2,933                6
Indiana......................................  Fountain.......................            1,774                5
Indiana......................................  Franklin.......................            1,993                5
Indiana......................................  Fulton.........................            1,636                5
Indiana......................................  Gibson.........................            1,824                5
Indiana......................................  Grant..........................            2,026                6
Indiana......................................  Greene.........................            1,600                5
Indiana......................................  Hamilton.......................            3,250                7
Indiana......................................  Hancock........................            2,576                6
Indiana......................................  Harrison.......................            2,054                6
Indiana......................................  Hendricks......................            2,722                6
Indiana......................................  Henry..........................            2,190                6
Indiana......................................  Howard.........................            2,451                6
Indiana......................................  Huntington.....................            1,994                5
Indiana......................................  Jackson........................            1,954                5
Indiana......................................  Jasper.........................            1,949                5
Indiana......................................  Jay............................            2,042                6
Indiana......................................  Jefferson......................            1,918                5
Indiana......................................  Jennings.......................            1,743                5
Indiana......................................  Johnson........................            3,021                7
Indiana......................................  Knox...........................            1,725                5
Indiana......................................  Kosciusko......................            2,176                6
Indiana......................................  LaGrange.......................            2,835                6
Indiana......................................  Lake...........................            2,714                6
Indiana......................................  LaPorte........................            2,122                6
Indiana......................................  Lawrence.......................            1,260                4
Indiana......................................  Madison........................            2,253                6
Indiana......................................  Marion.........................            3,530                7
Indiana......................................  Marshall.......................            1,886                5
Indiana......................................  Martin.........................            1,550                5
Indiana......................................  Miami..........................            1,925                5
Indiana......................................  Monroe.........................            1,955                5
Indiana......................................  Montgomery.....................            1,939                5
Indiana......................................  Morgan.........................            2,529                6
Indiana......................................  Newton.........................            1,914                5
Indiana......................................  Noble..........................            2,194                6
Indiana......................................  Ohio...........................            2,610                6
Indiana......................................  Orange.........................            1,521                5
Indiana......................................  Owen...........................            1,625                5
Indiana......................................  Parke..........................            1,641                5
Indiana......................................  Perry..........................            1,447                4
Indiana......................................  Pike...........................            1,641                5
Indiana......................................  Porter.........................            2,520                6
Indiana......................................  Posey..........................            1,790                5
Indiana......................................  Pulaski........................            1,857                5
Indiana......................................  Putnam.........................            1,941                5
Indiana......................................  Randolph.......................            1,698                5
Indiana......................................  Ripley.........................            2,014                6
Indiana......................................  Rush...........................            2,099                6
Indiana......................................  Scott..........................            1,778                5
Indiana......................................  Shelby.........................            2,241                6
Indiana......................................  Spencer........................            1,553                5
Indiana......................................  St. Joseph.....................            2,331                6
Indiana......................................  Starke.........................            1,636                5
Indiana......................................  Steuben........................            1,834                5
Indiana......................................  Sullivan.......................            1,580                5
Indiana......................................  Switzerland....................            1,951                5
Indiana......................................  Tippecanoe.....................            2,291                6
Indiana......................................  Tipton.........................            2,612                6
Indiana......................................  Union..........................            1,980                5
Indiana......................................  Vanderburgh....................            2,050                6
Indiana......................................  Vermillion.....................            1,833                5
Indiana......................................  Vigo...........................            1,732                5
Indiana......................................  Wabash.........................            2,032                6
Indiana......................................  Warren.........................            1,956                5
Indiana......................................  Warrick........................            1,919                5

[[Page 65086]]


Indiana......................................  Washington.....................            1,790                5
Indiana......................................  Wayne..........................            1,779                5
Indiana......................................  Wells..........................            1,885                5
Indiana......................................  White..........................            2,028                6
Indiana......................................  Whitley........................            2,012                6
Iowa.........................................  Adair..........................            1,171                4
Iowa.........................................  Adams..........................            1,137                4
Iowa.........................................  Allamakee......................            1,219                4
Iowa.........................................  Appanoose......................              741                3
Iowa.........................................  Audubon........................            1,472                4
Iowa.........................................  Benton.........................            1,899                5
Iowa.........................................  Black Hawk.....................            2,229                6
Iowa.........................................  Boone..........................            1,721                5
Iowa.........................................  Bremer.........................            2,070                6
Iowa.........................................  Buchanan.......................            1,959                5
Iowa.........................................  Buena Vista....................            1,972                5
Iowa.........................................  Butler.........................            1,786                5
Iowa.........................................  Calhoun........................            1,968                5
Iowa.........................................  Carroll........................            1,768                5
Iowa.........................................  Cass...........................            1,311                4
Iowa.........................................  Cedar..........................            1,665                5
Iowa.........................................  Cerro Gordo....................            1,691                5
Iowa.........................................  Cherokee.......................            1,819                5
Iowa.........................................  Chickasaw......................            1,735                5
Iowa.........................................  Clarke.........................              796                3
Iowa.........................................  Clay...........................            1,802                5
Iowa.........................................  Clayton........................            1,522                5
Iowa.........................................  Clinton........................            1,847                5
Iowa.........................................  Crawford.......................            1,522                5
Iowa.........................................  Dallas.........................            2,030                6
Iowa.........................................  Davis..........................              909                3
Iowa.........................................  Decatur........................              756                3
Iowa.........................................  Delaware.......................            1,900                5
Iowa.........................................  Des Moines.....................            1,773                5
Iowa.........................................  Dickinson......................            1,549                5
Iowa.........................................  Dubuque........................            1,707                5
Iowa.........................................  Emmet..........................            1,525                5
Iowa.........................................  Fayette........................            1,728                5
Iowa.........................................  Floyd..........................            1,822                5
Iowa.........................................  Franklin.......................            1,723                5
Iowa.........................................  Fremont........................            1,288                4
Iowa.........................................  Greene.........................            1,674                5
Iowa.........................................  Grundy.........................            2,061                6
Iowa.........................................  Guthrie........................            1,450                4
Iowa.........................................  Hamilton.......................            1,859                5
Iowa.........................................  Hancock........................            1,676                5
Iowa.........................................  Hardin.........................            1,970                5
Iowa.........................................  Harrison.......................            1,354                4
Iowa.........................................  Henry..........................            1,615                5
Iowa.........................................  Howard.........................            1,594                5
Iowa.........................................  Humboldt.......................            1,990                5
Iowa.........................................  Ida............................            1,647                5
Iowa.........................................  Iowa...........................            1,365                4
Iowa.........................................  Jackson........................            1,479                4
Iowa.........................................  Jasper.........................            1,632                5
Iowa.........................................  Jefferson......................            1,194                4
Iowa.........................................  Johnson........................            1,902                5
Iowa.........................................  Jones..........................            1,762                5
Iowa.........................................  Keokuk.........................            1,215                4
Iowa.........................................  Kossuth........................            1,870                5
Iowa.........................................  Lee............................            1,422                4
Iowa.........................................  Linn...........................            2,062                6
Iowa.........................................  Louisa.........................            1,720                5
Iowa.........................................  Lucas..........................              874                3
Iowa.........................................  Lyon...........................            1,885                5
Iowa.........................................  Madison........................            1,406                4
Iowa.........................................  Mahaska........................            1,482                4
Iowa.........................................  Marion.........................            1,193                4
Iowa.........................................  Marshall.......................            1,607                5
Iowa.........................................  Mills..........................            1,442                4
Iowa.........................................  Mitchell.......................            1,778                5

[[Page 65087]]


Iowa.........................................  Monona.........................            1,434                4
Iowa.........................................  Monroe.........................              806                3
Iowa.........................................  Montgomery.....................            1,136                4
Iowa.........................................  Muscatine......................            1,826                5
Iowa.........................................  O'Brien........................            2,036                6
Iowa.........................................  Osceola........................            1,980                5
Iowa.........................................  Page...........................            1,005                4
Iowa.........................................  Palo Alto......................            1,885                5
Iowa.........................................  Plymouth.......................            1,814                5
Iowa.........................................  Pocahontas.....................            1,902                5
Iowa.........................................  Polk...........................            1,725                5
Iowa.........................................  Pottawattamie..................            1,622                5
Iowa.........................................  Poweshiek......................            1,466                4
Iowa.........................................  Ringgold.......................              812                3
Iowa.........................................  Sac............................            1,950                5
Iowa.........................................  Scott..........................            2,402                6
Iowa.........................................  Shelby.........................            1,635                5
Iowa.........................................  Sioux..........................            2,124                6
Iowa.........................................  Story..........................            1,874                5
Iowa.........................................  Tama...........................            1,802                5
Iowa.........................................  Taylor.........................              981                3
Iowa.........................................  Union..........................            1,047                4
Iowa.........................................  Van Buren......................              976                3
Iowa.........................................  Wapello........................            1,232                4
Iowa.........................................  Warren.........................            1,174                4
Iowa.........................................  Washington.....................            1,817                5
Iowa.........................................  Wayne..........................              801                3
Iowa.........................................  Webster........................            1,765                5
Iowa.........................................  Winnebago......................            1,681                5
Iowa.........................................  Winneshiek.....................            1,446                4
Iowa.........................................  Woodbury.......................            1,435                4
Iowa.........................................  Worth..........................            1,722                5
Iowa.........................................  Wright.........................            1,983                5
Kansas.......................................  Allen..........................              657                3
Kansas.......................................  Anderson.......................              719                3
Kansas.......................................  Atchison.......................              846                3
Kansas.......................................  Barber.........................              353                2
Kansas.......................................  Barton.........................              473                2
Kansas.......................................  Bourbon........................              576                3
Kansas.......................................  Brown..........................              931                3
Kansas.......................................  Butler.........................              802                3
Kansas.......................................  Chase..........................              494                2
Kansas.......................................  Chautauqua.....................              428                2
Kansas.......................................  Cherokee.......................              774                3
Kansas.......................................  Cheyenne.......................              384                2
Kansas.......................................  Clark..........................              316                2
Kansas.......................................  Clay...........................              726                3
Kansas.......................................  Cloud..........................              483                2
Kansas.......................................  Coffey.........................              604                3
Kansas.......................................  Comanche.......................              326                2
Kansas.......................................  Cowley.........................              620                3
Kansas.......................................  Crawford.......................              700                3
Kansas.......................................  Decatur........................              388                2
Kansas.......................................  Dickinson......................              533                3
Kansas.......................................  Doniphan.......................            1,025                4
Kansas.......................................  Douglas........................            1,608                5
Kansas.......................................  Edwards........................              463                2
Kansas.......................................  Elk............................              397                2
Kansas.......................................  Ellis..........................              422                2
Kansas.......................................  Ellsworth......................              414                2
Kansas.......................................  Finney.........................              493                2
Kansas.......................................  Ford...........................              462                2
Kansas.......................................  Franklin.......................              992                3
Kansas.......................................  Geary..........................              687                3
Kansas.......................................  Gove...........................              359                2
Kansas.......................................  Graham.........................              362                2
Kansas.......................................  Grant..........................              531                3
Kansas.......................................  Gray...........................              633                3
Kansas.......................................  Greeley........................              403                2
Kansas.......................................  Greenwood......................              442                2
Kansas.......................................  Hamilton.......................              372                2

[[Page 65088]]


Kansas.......................................  Harper.........................              498                2
Kansas.......................................  Harvey.........................              742                3
Kansas.......................................  Haskell........................              595                3
Kansas.......................................  Hodgeman.......................              410                2
Kansas.......................................  Jackson........................              666                3
Kansas.......................................  Jefferson......................              854                3
Kansas.......................................  Jewell.........................              525                3
Kansas.......................................  Johnson........................            1,582                5
Kansas.......................................  Kearny.........................              383                2
Kansas.......................................  Kingman........................              546                3
Kansas.......................................  Kiowe..........................              353                2
Kansas.......................................  Labette........................              597                3
Kansas.......................................  Lane...........................              374                2
Kansas.......................................  Leavenworth....................            1,271                4
Kansas.......................................  Lincoln........................              351                2
Kansas.......................................  Linn...........................              802                3
Kansas.......................................  Logan..........................              334                2
Kansas.......................................  Lyon...........................              622                3
Kansas.......................................  Marion.........................              585                3
Kansas.......................................  Marshall.......................              734                3
Kansas.......................................  McPherson......................              921                3
Kansas.......................................  Meade..........................              467                2
Kansas.......................................  Miami..........................            1,404                4
Kansas.......................................  Mitchell.......................              579                3
Kansas.......................................  Montgomery.....................              707                3
Kansas.......................................  Morris.........................              506                3
Kansas.......................................  Morton.........................              373                2
Kansas.......................................  Nemaha.........................              798                3
Kansas.......................................  Neosho.........................              610                3
Kansas.......................................  Ness...........................              330                2
Kansas.......................................  Norton.........................              358                2
Kansas.......................................  Osage..........................              719                3
Kansas.......................................  Osborne........................              398                2
Kansas.......................................  Ottawa.........................              462                2
Kansas.......................................  Pawnee.........................              450                2
Kansas.......................................  Phillips.......................              369                2
Kansas.......................................  Pottawatomie...................              578                3
Kansas.......................................  Pratt..........................              506                3
Kansas.......................................  Rawlins........................              333                2
Kansas.......................................  Reno...........................              700                3
Kansas.......................................  Republic.......................              655                3
Kansas.......................................  Rice...........................              534                3
Kansas.......................................  Riley..........................              828                3
Kansas.......................................  Rooks..........................              358                2
Kansas.......................................  Rush...........................              378                2
Kansas.......................................  Russell........................              344                2
Kansas.......................................  Saline.........................              598                3
Kansas.......................................  Scott..........................              444                2
Kansas.......................................  Sedgwick.......................              958                3
Kansas.......................................  Seward.........................              518                3
Kansas.......................................  Shawnee........................            1,012                4
Kansas.......................................  Sheridan.......................              477                2
Kansas.......................................  Sherman........................              498                2
Kansas.......................................  Smith..........................              530                3
Kansas.......................................  Stafford.......................              611                3
Kansas.......................................  Stanton........................              458                2
Kansas.......................................  Stevens........................              542                3
Kansas.......................................  Sumner.........................              546                3
Kansas.......................................  Thomas.........................              486                2
Kansas.......................................  Trego..........................              370                2
Kansas.......................................  Wabaunsee......................              581                3
Kansas.......................................  Wallace........................              355                2
Kansas.......................................  Washington.....................              643                3
Kansas.......................................  Wichita........................              402                2
Kansas.......................................  Wilson.........................              616                3
Kansas.......................................  Woodson........................              471                2
Kansas.......................................  Wyandotte......................            3,132                7
Kentucky.....................................  Adair..........................            1,427                4
Kentucky.....................................  Allen..........................            1,431                4
Kentucky.....................................  Anderson.......................            1,926                5
Kentucky.....................................  Ballard........................            1,356                4

[[Page 65089]]


Kentucky.....................................  Barren.........................            1,287                4
Kentucky.....................................  Bath...........................            1,098                4
Kentucky.....................................  Bell...........................            1,061                4
Kentucky.....................................  Boone..........................            2,906                6
Kentucky.....................................  Bourbon........................            2,131                6
Kentucky.....................................  Boyd...........................            1,157                4
Kentucky.....................................  Boyle..........................            1,709                5
Kentucky.....................................  Bracken........................            1,227                4
Kentucky.....................................  Breathitt......................              738                3
Kentucky.....................................  Breckinridge...................            1,206                4
Kentucky.....................................  Bullitt........................            2,194                6
Kentucky.....................................  Butler.........................            1,230                4
Kentucky.....................................  Caldwell.......................              925                3
Kentucky.....................................  Calloway.......................            1,490                4
Kentucky.....................................  Campbell.......................            3,069                7
Kentucky.....................................  Carlisle.......................            1,128                4
Kentucky.....................................  Carroll........................            1,657                5
Kentucky.....................................  Carter.........................            1,197                4
Kentucky.....................................  Casey..........................              934                3
Kentucky.....................................  Christian......................            1,357                4
Kentucky.....................................  Clark..........................            1,746                5
Kentucky.....................................  Clay...........................              767                3
Kentucky.....................................  Clinton........................            1,223                4
Kentucky.....................................  Crittenden.....................              834                3
Kentucky.....................................  Cumberland.....................              830                3
Kentucky.....................................  Daviess........................            1,633                5
Kentucky.....................................  Edmonson.......................              941                3
Kentucky.....................................  Elliott........................              725                3
Kentucky.....................................  Estill.........................              890                3
Kentucky.....................................  Fayette........................            3,671                7
Kentucky.....................................  Fleming........................            1,018                4
Kentucky.....................................  Floyd..........................            1,229                4
Kentucky.....................................  Franklin.......................            1,880                5
Kentucky.....................................  Fulton.........................            1,160                4
Kentucky.....................................  Gallatin.......................            1,724                5
Kentucky.....................................  Garrard........................            1,482                4
Kentucky.....................................  Grant..........................            2,036                6
Kentucky.....................................  Graves.........................            1,327                4
Kentucky.....................................  Grayson........................            1,102                4
Kentucky.....................................  Green..........................            1,218                4
Kentucky.....................................  Greenup........................              963                3
Kentucky.....................................  Hancock........................            1,066                4
Kentucky.....................................  Hardin.........................            1,516                5
Kentucky.....................................  Harlan.........................            1,799                5
Kentucky.....................................  Harrison.......................            1,494                4
Kentucky.....................................  Hart...........................            1,110                4
Kentucky.....................................  Henderson......................            1,546                5
Kentucky.....................................  Henry..........................            1,918                5
Kentucky.....................................  Hickman........................            1,198                4
Kentucky.....................................  Hopkins........................            1,041                4
Kentucky.....................................  Jackson........................              955                3
Kentucky.....................................  Jefferson......................            3,934                7
Kentucky.....................................  Jessamine......................            2,959                6
Kentucky.....................................  Johnson........................            1,218                4
Kentucky.....................................  Kenton.........................            3,020                7
Kentucky.....................................  Knott..........................            1,279                4
Kentucky.....................................  Knox...........................            1,236                4
Kentucky.....................................  Larue..........................            1,549                5
Kentucky.....................................  Laurel.........................            1,844                5
Kentucky.....................................  Lawrence.......................              728                3
Kentucky.....................................  Lee............................              911                3
Kentucky.....................................  Leslie.........................              629                3
Kentucky.....................................  Letcher........................              830                3
Kentucky.....................................  Lewis..........................              715                3
Kentucky.....................................  Lincoln........................            1,396                4
Kentucky.....................................  Livingston.....................              819                3
Kentucky.....................................  Logan..........................            1,274                4
Kentucky.....................................  Lyon...........................              950                3
Kentucky.....................................  Madison........................            1,813                5
Kentucky.....................................  Magoffin.......................              896                3
Kentucky.....................................  Marion.........................            1,417                4

[[Page 65090]]


Kentucky.....................................  Marshall.......................            1,406                4
Kentucky.....................................  Martin.........................              488                2
Kentucky.....................................  Mason..........................            1,511                5
Kentucky.....................................  McCracken......................            1,402                4
Kentucky.....................................  McCreary.......................            1,797                5
Kentucky.....................................  McLean.........................            1,357                4
Kentucky.....................................  Meade..........................            1,654                5
Kentucky.....................................  Menifee........................            1,554                5
Kentucky.....................................  Mercer.........................            2,282                6
Kentucky.....................................  Metcalfe.......................            1,275                4
Kentucky.....................................  Monroe.........................            1,050                4
Kentucky.....................................  Montgomery.....................            1,530                5
Kentucky.....................................  Morgan.........................              775                3
Kentucky.....................................  Muhlenberg.....................            1,009                4
Kentucky.....................................  Nelson.........................            1,723                5
Kentucky.....................................  Nicholas.......................            1,008                4
Kentucky.....................................  Ohio...........................            1,373                4
Kentucky.....................................  Oldham.........................            3,650                7
Kentucky.....................................  Owen...........................            1,331                4
Kentucky.....................................  Owsley.........................            1,055                4
Kentucky.....................................  Pendleton......................            1,183                4
Kentucky.....................................  Perry..........................              910                3
Kentucky.....................................  Pike...........................              891                3
Kentucky.....................................  Powell.........................            1,450                4
Kentucky.....................................  Pulaski........................            1,497                4
Kentucky.....................................  Robertson......................              858                3
Kentucky.....................................  Rockcastle.....................            1,390                4
Kentucky.....................................  Rowan..........................            1,064                4
Kentucky.....................................  Russell........................            1,562                5
Kentucky.....................................  Scott..........................            2,517                6
Kentucky.....................................  Shelby.........................            2,577                6
Kentucky.....................................  Simpson........................            1,617                5
Kentucky.....................................  Spencer........................            2,032                6
Kentucky.....................................  Taylor.........................            1,351                4
Kentucky.....................................  Todd...........................            1,387                4
Kentucky.....................................  Trigg..........................            1,181                4
Kentucky.....................................  Trimble........................            1,208                4
Kentucky.....................................  Union..........................            1,384                4
Kentucky.....................................  Warren.........................            1,643                5
Kentucky.....................................  Washington.....................            1,421                4
Kentucky.....................................  Wayne..........................            1,773                5
Kentucky.....................................  Webster........................            1,128                4
Kentucky.....................................  Whitley........................            1,224                4
Kentucky.....................................  Wolfe..........................              889                3
Kentucky.....................................  Woodford.......................            3,004                7
Louisiana....................................  Acadia.........................            1,418                4
Louisiana....................................  Allen..........................              983                3
Louisiana....................................  Ascension......................            2,223                6
Louisiana....................................  Assumption.....................            1,278                4
Louisiana....................................  Avoyelles......................            1,040                4
Louisiana....................................  Beauregard.....................            1,071                4
Louisiana....................................  Bienville......................            1,223                4
Louisiana....................................  Bossier........................            1,334                4
Louisiana....................................  Caddo..........................            1,142                4
Louisiana....................................  Calcasieu......................            1,140                4
Louisiana....................................  Caldwell.......................            1,080                4
Louisiana....................................  Cameron........................            1,150                4
Louisiana....................................  Catahoula......................              931                3
Louisiana....................................  Claiborne......................            1,269                4
Louisiana....................................  Concordia......................              902                3
Louisiana....................................  De Soto........................            1,022                4
Louisiana....................................  East Baton Rouge...............            2,459                6
Louisiana....................................  East Carroll...................              955                3
Louisiana....................................  East Feliciana.................            1,542                5
Louisiana....................................  Evangeline.....................            1,009                4
Louisiana....................................  Franklin.......................              953                3
Louisiana....................................  Grant..........................            1,066                4
Louisiana....................................  Iberia.........................            1,506                5
Louisiana....................................  Iberville......................            1,482                4
Louisiana....................................  Jackson........................            2,102                6
Louisiana....................................  Jefferson......................            1,763                5

[[Page 65091]]


Louisiana....................................  Jefferson Davis................              871                3
Louisiana....................................  La Salle.......................            1,350                4
Louisiana....................................  Lafayette......................            2,529                6
Louisiana....................................  Lafourche......................            1,176                4
Louisiana....................................  Lincoln........................            1,562                5
Louisiana....................................  Livingston.....................            2,333                6
Louisiana....................................  Madison........................              884                3
Louisiana....................................  Morehouse......................              938                3
Louisiana....................................  Natchitoches...................            1,090                4
Louisiana....................................  Orleans........................           35,002               11
Louisiana....................................  Ouachita.......................            1,394                4
Louisiana....................................  Plaquemines....................            2,311                6
Louisiana....................................  Pointe Coupee..................            1,138                4
Louisiana....................................  Rapides........................            1,363                4
Louisiana....................................  Red River......................              716                3
Louisiana....................................  Richland.......................              836                3
Louisiana....................................  Sabine.........................            1,515                5
Louisiana....................................  St. Bernard....................            3,397                7
Louisiana....................................  St. Charles....................            3,322                7
Louisiana....................................  St. Helena.....................            1,586                5
Louisiana....................................  St. James......................            1,040                4
Louisiana....................................  St. John the Baptist...........            2,728                6
Louisiana....................................  St. Landry.....................            1,107                4
Louisiana....................................  St. Martin.....................            1,333                4
Louisiana....................................  St. Mary.......................            1,182                4
Louisiana....................................  St. Tammany....................            3,126                7
Louisiana....................................  Tangipahoa.....................            2,224                6
Louisiana....................................  Tensas.........................              844                3
Louisiana....................................  Terrebonne.....................            1,458                4
Louisiana....................................  Union..........................            1,579                5
Louisiana....................................  Vermilion......................            1,306                4
Louisiana....................................  Vernon.........................            1,450                4
Louisiana....................................  Washington.....................            1,761                5
Louisiana....................................  Webster........................            2,310                6
Louisiana....................................  West Baton Rouge...............            1,572                5
Louisiana....................................  West Carroll...................            1,425                4
Louisiana....................................  West Feliciana.................            1,454                4
Louisiana....................................  Winn...........................            1,267                4
Maine........................................  Androscoggin...................            1,937                5
Maine........................................  Aroostook......................              718                3
Maine........................................  Cumberland.....................            3,234                7
Maine........................................  Franklin.......................            1,167                4
Maine........................................  Hancock........................            1,568                5
Maine........................................  Kennebec.......................            1,539                5
Maine........................................  Knox...........................            2,266                6
Maine........................................  Lincoln........................            2,195                6
Maine........................................  Oxford.........................            1,918                5
Maine........................................  Penobscot......................            1,013                4
Maine........................................  Piscataquis....................              812                3
Maine........................................  Sagadahoc......................            2,298                6
Maine........................................  Somerset.......................            1,044                4
Maine........................................  Waldo..........................            1,334                4
Maine........................................  Washington.....................              685                3
Maine........................................  York...........................            3,009                7
Maryland.....................................  Allegany.......................            1,958                5
Maryland.....................................  Anne Arundel...................            5,980                8
Maryland.....................................  Baltimore......................            5,459                8
Maryland.....................................  Calvert........................            3,184                7
Maryland.....................................  Caroline.......................            2,361                6
Maryland.....................................  Carroll........................            4,503                7
Maryland.....................................  Cecil..........................            4,639                7
Maryland.....................................  Charles........................            2,674                6
Maryland.....................................  Dorchester.....................            2,163                6
Maryland.....................................  Frederick......................            4,260                7
Maryland.....................................  Garrett........................            1,743                5
Maryland.....................................  Harford........................            3,922                7
Maryland.....................................  Howard.........................            4,857                7
Maryland.....................................  Kent...........................            2,704                6
Maryland.....................................  Montgomery.....................            4,783                7
Maryland.....................................  Prince George's................            5,225                8
Maryland.....................................  Queen Anne's...................            2,515                6

[[Page 65092]]


Maryland.....................................  Somerset.......................            2,013                6
Maryland.....................................  St. Mary's.....................            2,265                6
Maryland.....................................  Talbot.........................            3,362                7
Maryland.....................................  Washington.....................            3,043                7
Maryland.....................................  Wicomico.......................            2,730                6
Maryland.....................................  Worcester......................            1,915                5
Massachusetts................................  Barnstable.....................           17,137                9
Massachusetts................................  Berkshire......................            4,511                7
Massachusetts................................  Bristol........................           10,200                9
Massachusetts................................  Dukes..........................            9,074                8
Massachusetts................................  Essex..........................           11,648                9
Massachusetts................................  Franklin.......................            3,191                7
Massachusetts................................  Hampden........................            5,123                8
Massachusetts................................  Hampshire......................            5,281                8
Massachusetts................................  Middlesex......................           16,780                9
Massachusetts................................  Nantucket......................           40,659               11
Massachusetts................................  Norfolk........................           12,768                9
Massachusetts................................  Plymouth.......................           10,108                9
Massachusetts................................  Suffolk........................           44,817               11
Massachusetts................................  Worcester......................            5,902                8
Michigan.....................................  Alcona.........................            1,726                5
Michigan.....................................  Alger..........................            1,245                4
Michigan.....................................  Allegan........................            2,527                6
Michigan.....................................  Alpena.........................            1,551                5
Michigan.....................................  Antrim.........................            2,071                6
Michigan.....................................  Arenac.........................            1,626                5
Michigan.....................................  Baraga.........................              993                3
Michigan.....................................  Barry..........................            2,046                6
Michigan.....................................  Bay............................            2,058                6
Michigan.....................................  Benzie.........................            2,460                6
Michigan.....................................  Berrien........................            3,118                7
Michigan.....................................  Branch.........................            1,962                5
Michigan.....................................  Calhoun........................            1,851                5
Michigan.....................................  Cass...........................            1,824                5
Michigan.....................................  Charlevoix.....................            2,542                6
Michigan.....................................  Cheboygan......................            1,663                5
Michigan.....................................  Chippewa.......................            1,043                4
Michigan.....................................  Clare..........................            1,641                5
Michigan.....................................  Clinton........................            1,897                5
Michigan.....................................  Crawford.......................            2,030                6
Michigan.....................................  Delta..........................            1,156                4
Michigan.....................................  Dickinson......................            1,126                4
Michigan.....................................  Eaton..........................            2,270                6
Michigan.....................................  Emmet..........................            2,386                6
Michigan.....................................  Genesee........................            3,082                7
Michigan.....................................  Gladwin........................            1,742                5
Michigan.....................................  Gogebic........................            1,457                4
Michigan.....................................  Grand Traverse.................            3,311                7
Michigan.....................................  Gratiot........................            1,616                5
Michigan.....................................  Hillsdale......................            1,920                5
Michigan.....................................  Houghton.......................            1,061                4
Michigan.....................................  Huron..........................            1,598                5
Michigan.....................................  Ingham.........................            2,303                6
Michigan.....................................  Ionia..........................            2,229                6
Michigan.....................................  Iosco..........................            1,824                5
Michigan.....................................  Iron...........................            1,195                4
Michigan.....................................  Isabella.......................            1,603                5
Michigan.....................................  Jackson........................            2,322                6
Michigan.....................................  Kalamazoo......................            2,828                6
Michigan.....................................  Kalkaska.......................            1,740                5
Michigan.....................................  Kent...........................            3,218                7
Michigan.....................................  Keweenaw.......................            1,774                5
Michigan.....................................  Lake...........................            1,770                5
Michigan.....................................  Lapeer.........................            3,094                7
Michigan.....................................  Leelanau.......................            3,747                7
Michigan.....................................  Lenawee........................            2,013                6
Michigan.....................................  Livingston.....................            3,826                7
Michigan.....................................  Luce...........................            1,094                4
Michigan.....................................  Mackinac.......................            1,238                4
Michigan.....................................  Macomb.........................            4,886                7
Michigan.....................................  Manistee.......................            1,778                5

[[Page 65093]]


Michigan.....................................  Marquette......................            1,306                4
Michigan.....................................  Mason..........................            1,586                5
Michigan.....................................  Mecosta........................            1,762                5
Michigan.....................................  Menominee......................            1,058                4
Michigan.....................................  Midland........................            2,086                6
Michigan.....................................  Missaukee......................            1,759                5
Michigan.....................................  Monroe.........................            2,522                6
Michigan.....................................  Montcalm.......................            1,764                5
Michigan.....................................  Montmorency....................            1,550                5
Michigan.....................................  Muskegon.......................            2,406                6
Michigan.....................................  Newaygo........................            2,151                6
Michigan.....................................  Oakland........................            5,942                8
Michigan.....................................  Oceana.........................            2,161                6
Michigan.....................................  Ogemaw.........................            1,727                5
Michigan.....................................  Ontonagon......................              910                3
Michigan.....................................  Osceola........................            1,640                5
Michigan.....................................  Oscoda.........................            1,776                5
Michigan.....................................  Otsego.........................            1,935                5
Michigan.....................................  Ottawa.........................            3,482                7
Michigan.....................................  Presque Isle...................            1,598                5
Michigan.....................................  Roscommon......................            2,549                6
Michigan.....................................  Saginaw........................            1,654                5
Michigan.....................................  Sanilac........................            1,678                5
Michigan.....................................  Schoolcraft....................            1,310                4
Michigan.....................................  Shiawassee.....................            1,730                5
Michigan.....................................  St. Clair......................            3,176                7
Michigan.....................................  St. Joseph.....................            1,851                5
Michigan.....................................  Tuscola........................            1,838                5
Michigan.....................................  Van Buren......................            2,245                6
Michigan.....................................  Washtenaw......................            3,791                7
Michigan.....................................  Wayne..........................            5,463                8
Michigan.....................................  Wexford........................            2,223                6
Minnesota....................................  Aitkin.........................              703                3
Minnesota....................................  Anoka..........................            4,820                7
Minnesota....................................  Becker.........................              761                3
Minnesota....................................  Beltrami.......................              587                3
Minnesota....................................  Benton.........................            1,619                5
Minnesota....................................  Big Stone......................              833                3
Minnesota....................................  Blue Earth.....................            1,734                5
Minnesota....................................  Brown..........................            1,574                5
Minnesota....................................  Carlton........................              829                3
Minnesota....................................  Carver.........................            2,365                6
Minnesota....................................  Cass...........................              766                3
Minnesota....................................  Chippewa.......................            1,202                4
Minnesota....................................  Chisago........................            2,318                6
Minnesota....................................  Clay...........................              856                3
Minnesota....................................  Clearwater.....................              501                3
Minnesota....................................  Cook...........................            1,411                4
Minnesota....................................  Cottonwood.....................            1,424                4
Minnesota....................................  Crow Wing......................              884                3
Minnesota....................................  Dakota.........................            2,762                6
Minnesota....................................  Dodge..........................            1,873                5
Minnesota....................................  Douglas........................            1,018                4
Minnesota....................................  Faribault......................            1,683                5
Minnesota....................................  Fillmore.......................            1,403                4
Minnesota....................................  Freeborn.......................            1,758                5
Minnesota....................................  Goodhue........................            1,917                5
Minnesota....................................  Grant..........................            1,028                4
Minnesota....................................  Hennepin.......................            4,446                7
Minnesota....................................  Houston........................            1,044                4
Minnesota....................................  Hubbard........................              694                3
Minnesota....................................  Isanti.........................            1,835                5
Minnesota....................................  Itasca.........................              798                3
Minnesota....................................  Jackson........................            1,486                4
Minnesota....................................  Kanabec........................            1,030                4
Minnesota....................................  Kandiyohi......................            1,282                4
Minnesota....................................  Kittson........................              450                2
Minnesota....................................  Koochiching....................              562                3
Minnesota....................................  Lac qui Parle..................              978                3
Minnesota....................................  Lake...........................            1,386                4
Minnesota....................................  Lake of the Woods..............              472                2

[[Page 65094]]


Minnesota....................................  Le Sueur.......................            1,796                5
Minnesota....................................  Lincoln........................              931                3
Minnesota....................................  Lyon...........................            1,161                4
Minnesota....................................  Mahnomen.......................              537                3
Minnesota....................................  Marshall.......................              489                2
Minnesota....................................  Martin.........................            1,638                5
Minnesota....................................  McLeod.........................            1,676                5
Minnesota....................................  Meeker.........................            1,434                4
Minnesota....................................  Mille Lacs.....................            1,385                4
Minnesota....................................  Morrison.......................            1,070                4
Minnesota....................................  Mower..........................            1,567                5
Minnesota....................................  Murray.........................            1,236                4
Minnesota....................................  Nicollet.......................            1,810                5
Minnesota....................................  Nobles.........................            1,343                4
Minnesota....................................  Norman.........................              668                3
Minnesota....................................  Olmsted........................            1,771                5
Minnesota....................................  Otter Tail.....................              838                3
Minnesota....................................  Pennington.....................              419                2
Minnesota....................................  Pine...........................            1,015                4
Minnesota....................................  Pipestone......................            1,126                4
Minnesota....................................  Polk...........................              662                3
Minnesota....................................  Pope...........................              986                3
Minnesota....................................  Ramsey.........................           15,209                9
Minnesota....................................  Red Lake.......................              504                3
Minnesota....................................  Redwood........................            1,378                4
Minnesota....................................  Renville.......................            1,511                5
Minnesota....................................  Rice...........................            2,186                6
Minnesota....................................  Rock...........................            1,116                4
Minnesota....................................  Roseau.........................              422                2
Minnesota....................................  Scott..........................            2,797                6
Minnesota....................................  Sherburne......................            2,253                6
Minnesota....................................  Sibley.........................            1,787                5
Minnesota....................................  St. Louis......................            1,102                4
Minnesota....................................  Stearns........................            1,263                4
Minnesota....................................  Steele.........................            1,701                5
Minnesota....................................  Stevens........................            1,178                4
Minnesota....................................  Swift..........................            1,000                3
Minnesota....................................  Todd...........................              931                3
Minnesota....................................  Traverse.......................              905                3
Minnesota....................................  Wabasha........................            1,500                4
Minnesota....................................  Wadena.........................              812                3
Minnesota....................................  Waseca.........................            1,876                5
Minnesota....................................  Washington.....................            4,160                7
Minnesota....................................  Watonwan.......................            1,486                4
Minnesota....................................  Wilkin.........................              854                3
Minnesota....................................  Winona.........................            1,591                5
Minnesota....................................  Wright.........................            2,218                6
Minnesota....................................  Yellow Medicine................            1,029                4
Mississippi..................................  Adams..........................              803                3
Mississippi..................................  Alcorn.........................            1,084                4
Mississippi..................................  Amite..........................            1,258                4
Mississippi..................................  Attala.........................            1,028                4
Mississippi..................................  Benton.........................              776                3
Mississippi..................................  Bolivar........................              878                3
Mississippi..................................  Calhoun........................              762                3
Mississippi..................................  Carroll........................              793                3
Mississippi..................................  Chickasaw......................              738                3
Mississippi..................................  Choctaw........................              939                3
Mississippi..................................  Claiborne......................              962                3
Mississippi..................................  Clarke.........................            1,368                4
Mississippi..................................  Clay...........................              904                3
Mississippi..................................  Coahoma........................              926                3
Mississippi..................................  Copiah.........................            1,317                4
Mississippi..................................  Covington......................            1,258                4
Mississippi..................................  DeSoto.........................            1,569                5
Mississippi..................................  Forrest........................            2,167                6
Mississippi..................................  Franklin.......................            1,315                4
Mississippi..................................  George.........................            2,418                6
Mississippi..................................  Greene.........................            1,303                4
Mississippi..................................  Grenada........................              972                3
Mississippi..................................  Hancock........................            1,901                5

[[Page 65095]]


Mississippi..................................  Harrison.......................            3,082                7
Mississippi..................................  Hinds..........................            1,078                4
Mississippi..................................  Holmes.........................              984                3
Mississippi..................................  Humphreys......................              902                3
Mississippi..................................  Issaquena......................              935                3
Mississippi..................................  Itawamba.......................              899                3
Mississippi..................................  Jackson........................            3,077                7
Mississippi..................................  Jasper.........................            1,108                4
Mississippi..................................  Jefferson......................            1,174                4
Mississippi..................................  Jefferson Davis................            1,060                4
Mississippi..................................  Jones..........................            1,778                5
Mississippi..................................  Kemper.........................              907                3
Mississippi..................................  Lafayette......................            1,115                4
Mississippi..................................  Lamar..........................            1,590                5
Mississippi..................................  Lauderdale.....................            1,114                4
Mississippi..................................  Lawrence.......................            1,249                4
Mississippi..................................  Leake..........................            1,191                4
Mississippi..................................  Lee............................            1,070                4
Mississippi..................................  Leflore........................              888                3
Mississippi..................................  Lincoln........................            1,804                5
Mississippi..................................  Lowndes........................              901                3
Mississippi..................................  Madison........................            1,298                4
Mississippi..................................  Marion.........................            1,085                4
Mississippi..................................  Marshall.......................            1,078                4
Mississippi..................................  Monroe.........................              938                3
Mississippi..................................  Montgomery.....................              727                3
Mississippi..................................  Neshoba........................            1,706                5
Mississippi..................................  Newton.........................            2,458                6
Mississippi..................................  Noxubee........................              851                3
Mississippi..................................  Oktibbeha......................            1,370                4
Mississippi..................................  Panola.........................              885                3
Mississippi..................................  Pearl River....................            2,229                6
Mississippi..................................  Perry..........................            1,714                5
Mississippi..................................  Pike...........................            1,542                5
Mississippi..................................  Pontotoc.......................              941                3
Mississippi..................................  Prentiss.......................              739                3
Mississippi..................................  Quitman........................              787                3
Mississippi..................................  Rankin.........................            1,188                4
Mississippi..................................  Scott..........................            1,289                4
Mississippi..................................  Sharkey........................              851                3
Mississippi..................................  Simpson........................            1,635                5
Mississippi..................................  Smith..........................            1,568                5
Mississippi..................................  Stone..........................            1,461                4
Mississippi..................................  Sunflower......................              850                3
Mississippi..................................  Tallahatchie...................              724                3
Mississippi..................................  Tate...........................            1,359                4
Mississippi..................................  Tippah.........................              990                3
Mississippi..................................  Tishomingo.....................            1,049                4
Mississippi..................................  Tunica.........................              800                3
Mississippi..................................  Union..........................            1,239                4
Mississippi..................................  Walthall.......................            2,319                6
Mississippi..................................  Warren.........................              876                3
Mississippi..................................  Washington.....................            1,008                4
Mississippi..................................  Wayne..........................            1,256                4
Mississippi..................................  Webster........................              654                3
Mississippi..................................  Wilkinson......................            1,103                4
Mississippi..................................  Winston........................            1,336                4
Mississippi..................................  Yalobusha......................              966                3
Mississippi..................................  Yazoo..........................              882                3
Missouri.....................................  Adair..........................              810                3
Missouri.....................................  Andrew.........................            1,470                4
Missouri.....................................  Atchison.......................            1,314                4
Missouri.....................................  Audrain........................            1,281                4
Missouri.....................................  Barry..........................            1,342                4
Missouri.....................................  Barton.........................              800                3
Missouri.....................................  Bates..........................              959                3
Missouri.....................................  Benton.........................              892                3
Missouri.....................................  Bollinger......................            1,034                4
Missouri.....................................  Boone..........................            2,035                6
Missouri.....................................  Buchanan.......................            1,432                4
Missouri.....................................  Butler.........................            1,199                4

[[Page 65096]]


Missouri.....................................  Caldwell.......................            1,095                4
Missouri.....................................  Callaway.......................            1,424                4
Missouri.....................................  Camden.........................            1,003                4
Missouri.....................................  Cape Girardeau.................            1,513                5
Missouri.....................................  Carroll........................            1,036                4
Missouri.....................................  Carter.........................              838                3
Missouri.....................................  Cass...........................            1,475                4
Missouri.....................................  Cedar..........................              917                3
Missouri.....................................  Chariton.......................            1,066                4
Missouri.....................................  Christian......................            1,910                5
Missouri.....................................  Clark..........................              932                3
Missouri.....................................  Clay...........................            2,714                6
Missouri.....................................  Clinton........................            1,233                4
Missouri.....................................  Cole...........................            1,579                5
Missouri.....................................  Cooper.........................            1,066                4
Missouri.....................................  Crawford.......................              998                3
Missouri.....................................  Dade...........................            1,022                4
Missouri.....................................  Dallas.........................            1,117                4
Missouri.....................................  Daviess........................              941                3
Missouri.....................................  DeKalb.........................              911                3
Missouri.....................................  Dent...........................              793                3
Missouri.....................................  Douglas........................              857                3
Missouri.....................................  Dunklin........................            1,549                5
Missouri.....................................  Franklin.......................            1,945                5
Missouri.....................................  Gasconade......................            1,269                4
Missouri.....................................  Gentry.........................              925                3
Missouri.....................................  Greene.........................            2,639                6
Missouri.....................................  Grundy.........................              819                3
Missouri.....................................  Harrison.......................              761                3
Missouri.....................................  Henry..........................              967                3
Missouri.....................................  Hickory........................              866                3
Missouri.....................................  Holt...........................            1,193                4
Missouri.....................................  Howard.........................            1,067                4
Missouri.....................................  Howell.........................            1,098                4
Missouri.....................................  Iron...........................            1,066                4
Missouri.....................................  Jackson........................            2,940                6
Missouri.....................................  Jasper.........................            1,195                4
Missouri.....................................  Jefferson......................            2,108                6
Missouri.....................................  Johnson........................            1,354                4
Missouri.....................................  Knox...........................            1,113                4
Missouri.....................................  Laclede........................            1,102                4
Missouri.....................................  Lafayette......................            1,465                4
Missouri.....................................  Lawrence.......................            1,422                4
Missouri.....................................  Lewis..........................              885                3
Missouri.....................................  Lincoln........................            1,738                5
Missouri.....................................  Linn...........................              804                3
Missouri.....................................  Livingston.....................            1,028                4
Missouri.....................................  Macon..........................              858                3
Missouri.....................................  Madison........................              778                3
Missouri.....................................  Maries.........................              826                3
Missouri.....................................  Marion.........................              981                3
Missouri.....................................  McDonald.......................            1,623                5
Missouri.....................................  Mercer.........................            4,286                7
Missouri.....................................  Miller.........................            1,183                4
Missouri.....................................  Mississippi....................            1,484                4
Missouri.....................................  Moniteau.......................            1,104                4
Missouri.....................................  Monroe.........................              946                3
Missouri.....................................  Montgomery.....................            1,311                4
Missouri.....................................  Morgan.........................            1,242                4
Missouri.....................................  New Madrid.....................            1,470                4
Missouri.....................................  Newton.........................            1,408                4
Missouri.....................................  Nodaway........................              956                3
Missouri.....................................  Oregon.........................              803                3
Missouri.....................................  Osage..........................            1,120                4
Missouri.....................................  Ozark..........................            1,093                4
Missouri.....................................  Pemiscot.......................            1,418                4
Missouri.....................................  Perry..........................            1,190                4
Missouri.....................................  Pettis.........................            1,110                4
Missouri.....................................  Phelps.........................            1,215                4
Missouri.....................................  Pike...........................            1,294                4
Missouri.....................................  Platte.........................            1,845                5

[[Page 65097]]


Missouri.....................................  Polk...........................            1,127                4
Missouri.....................................  Pulaski........................            1,048                4
Missouri.....................................  Putnam.........................              693                3
Missouri.....................................  Ralls..........................            1,150                4
Missouri.....................................  Randolph.......................              939                3
Missouri.....................................  Ray............................            1,192                4
Missouri.....................................  Reynolds.......................              838                3
Missouri.....................................  Ripley.........................              813                3
Missouri.....................................  Saline.........................            1,094                4
Missouri.....................................  Schuyler.......................              649                3
Missouri.....................................  Scotland.......................              898                3
Missouri.....................................  Scott..........................            1,396                4
Missouri.....................................  Shannon........................              842                3
Missouri.....................................  Shelby.........................              950                3
Missouri.....................................  St Louis.......................            2,902                6
Missouri.....................................  St. Charles....................            3,193                7
Missouri.....................................  St. Clair......................              814                3
Missouri.....................................  St. Francois...................            1,626                5
Missouri.....................................  Ste. Genevieve.................            1,157                4
Missouri.....................................  Stoddard.......................            1,638                5
Missouri.....................................  Stone..........................            1,542                5
Missouri.....................................  Sullivan.......................              651                3
Missouri.....................................  Taney..........................            1,382                4
Missouri.....................................  Texas..........................              822                3
Missouri.....................................  Vernon.........................              884                3
Missouri.....................................  Warren.........................            1,850                5
Missouri.....................................  Washington.....................            1,182                4
Missouri.....................................  Wayne..........................              827                3
Missouri.....................................  Webster........................            1,378                4
Missouri.....................................  Worth..........................              733                3
Missouri.....................................  Wright.........................            1,007                4
Montana......................................  Beaverhead.....................              438                2
Montana......................................  Big Horn.......................              197                1
Montana......................................  Blaine.........................              196                1
Montana......................................  Broadwater.....................              371                2
Montana......................................  Carbon.........................              613                3
Montana......................................  Carter.........................              158                1
Montana......................................  Cascade........................              340                2
Montana......................................  Chouteau.......................              336                2
Montana......................................  Custer.........................              155                1
Montana......................................  Daniels........................              234                1
Montana......................................  Dawson.........................              175                1
Montana......................................  Deer Lodge.....................              502                3
Montana......................................  Fallon.........................              210                1
Montana......................................  Fergus.........................              297                2
Montana......................................  Flathead.......................            1,875                5
Montana......................................  Gallatin.......................              873                3
Montana......................................  Garfield.......................              132                1
Montana......................................  Glacier........................              269                2
Montana......................................  Golden Valley..................              194                1
Montana......................................  Granite........................              560                3
Montana......................................  Hill...........................              255                2
Montana......................................  Jefferson......................              482                2
Montana......................................  Judith Basin...................              421                2
Montana......................................  Lake...........................              925                3
Montana......................................  Lewis and Clark................              452                2
Montana......................................  Liberty........................              268                2
Montana......................................  Lincoln........................            2,295                6
Montana......................................  Madison........................              518                3
Montana......................................  McCone.........................              181                1
Montana......................................  Meagher........................              347                2
Montana......................................  Mineral........................            1,550                5
Montana......................................  Missoula.......................            1,150                4
Montana......................................  Musselshell....................              194                1
Montana......................................  Park...........................              570                3
Montana......................................  Petroleum......................              222                1
Montana......................................  Phillips.......................              175                1
Montana......................................  Pondera........................              362                2
Montana......................................  Powder River...................              174                1
Montana......................................  Powell.........................              496                2
Montana......................................  Prairie........................              169                1

[[Page 65098]]


Montana......................................  Ravalli........................            2,141                6
Montana......................................  Richland.......................              232                1
Montana......................................  Roosevelt......................              239                1
Montana......................................  Rosebud........................              144                1
Montana......................................  Sanders........................              877                3
Montana......................................  Sheridan.......................              268                2
Montana......................................  Silver Bow.....................              782                3
Montana......................................  Stillwater.....................              384                2
Montana......................................  Sweet Grass....................              445                2
Montana......................................  Teton..........................              290                2
Montana......................................  Toole..........................              280                2
Montana......................................  Treasure.......................              191                1
Montana......................................  Valley.........................              206                1
Montana......................................  Wheatland......................              228                1
Montana......................................  Wibaux.........................              193                1
Montana......................................  Yellowstone....................              404                2
Nebraska.....................................  Adams..........................            1,246                4
Nebraska.....................................  Antelope.......................              869                3
Nebraska.....................................  Arthur.........................              156                1
Nebraska.....................................  Banner.........................              245                1
Nebraska.....................................  Blaine.........................              193                1
Nebraska.....................................  Boone..........................              922                3
Nebraska.....................................  Box Butte......................              382                2
Nebraska.....................................  Boyd...........................              349                2
Nebraska.....................................  Brown..........................              274                2
Nebraska.....................................  Buffalo........................            1,050                4
Nebraska.....................................  Burt...........................            1,360                4
Nebraska.....................................  Butler.........................            1,522                5
Nebraska.....................................  Cass...........................            1,660                5
Nebraska.....................................  Cedar..........................              960                3
Nebraska.....................................  Chase..........................              534                3
Nebraska.....................................  Cherry.........................              180                1
Nebraska.....................................  Cheyenne.......................              299                2
Nebraska.....................................  Clay...........................            1,202                4
Nebraska.....................................  Colfax.........................            1,303                4
Nebraska.....................................  Cuming.........................            1,257                4
Nebraska.....................................  Custer.........................              428                2
Nebraska.....................................  Dakota.........................            1,078                4
Nebraska.....................................  Dawes..........................              290                2
Nebraska.....................................  Dawson.........................              811                3
Nebraska.....................................  Deuel..........................              344                2
Nebraska.....................................  Dixon..........................              997                3
Nebraska.....................................  Dodge..........................            1,564                5
Nebraska.....................................  Douglas........................            3,120                7
Nebraska.....................................  Dundy..........................              382                2
Nebraska.....................................  Fillmore.......................            1,348                4
Nebraska.....................................  Franklin.......................              614                3
Nebraska.....................................  Frontier.......................              423                2
Nebraska.....................................  Furnas.........................              483                2
Nebraska.....................................  Gage...........................              874                3
Nebraska.....................................  Garden.........................              204                1
Nebraska.....................................  Garfield.......................              281                2
Nebraska.....................................  Gosper.........................              669                3
Nebraska.....................................  Grant..........................              170                1
Nebraska.....................................  Greeley........................              593                3
Nebraska.....................................  Hall...........................            1,329                4
Nebraska.....................................  Hamilton.......................            1,473                4
Nebraska.....................................  Harlan.........................              571                3
Nebraska.....................................  Hayes..........................              332                2
Nebraska.....................................  Hitchcock......................              390                2
Nebraska.....................................  Holt...........................              414                2
Nebraska.....................................  Hooker.........................              162                1
Nebraska.....................................  Howard.........................              799                3
Nebraska.....................................  Jefferson......................              945                3
Nebraska.....................................  Johnson........................              774                3
Nebraska.....................................  Kearney........................            1,158                4
Nebraska.....................................  Keith..........................              407                2
Nebraska.....................................  Keya Paha......................              276                2
Nebraska.....................................  Kimball........................              247                1
Nebraska.....................................  Knox...........................              581                3
Nebraska.....................................  Lancaster......................            1,570                5

[[Page 65099]]


Nebraska.....................................  Lincoln........................              407                2
Nebraska.....................................  Logan..........................              248                1
Nebraska.....................................  Loup...........................              223                1
Nebraska.....................................  Madison........................            1,066                4
Nebraska.....................................  McPherson......................              174                1
Nebraska.....................................  Merrick........................            1,071                4
Nebraska.....................................  Morrill........................              262                2
Nebraska.....................................  Nance..........................              734                3
Nebraska.....................................  Nemaha.........................            1,017                4
Nebraska.....................................  Nuckolls.......................              720                3
Nebraska.....................................  Otoe...........................            1,198                4
Nebraska.....................................  Pawnee.........................              676                3
Nebraska.....................................  Perkins........................              513                3
Nebraska.....................................  Phelps.........................            1,183                4
Nebraska.....................................  Pierce.........................              997                3
Nebraska.....................................  Platte.........................            1,360                4
Nebraska.....................................  Polk...........................            1,481                4
Nebraska.....................................  Red Willow.....................              455                2
Nebraska.....................................  Richardson.....................              778                3
Nebraska.....................................  Rock...........................              255                2
Nebraska.....................................  Saline.........................            1,054                4
Nebraska.....................................  Sarpy..........................            2,854                6
Nebraska.....................................  Saunders.......................            1,618                5
Nebraska.....................................  Scotts Bluff...................              518                3
Nebraska.....................................  Seward.........................            1,429                4
Nebraska.....................................  Sheridan.......................              202                1
Nebraska.....................................  Sherman........................              497                2
Nebraska.....................................  Sioux..........................              222                1
Nebraska.....................................  Stanton........................            1,054                4
Nebraska.....................................  Thayer.........................            1,066                4
Nebraska.....................................  Thomas.........................              164                1
Nebraska.....................................  Thurston.......................            1,068                4
Nebraska.....................................  Valley.........................              539                3
Nebraska.....................................  Washington.....................            1,802                5
Nebraska.....................................  Wayne..........................            1,166                4
Nebraska.....................................  Webster........................              680                3
Nebraska.....................................  Wheeler........................              420                2
Nebraska.....................................  York...........................            1,607                5
Nevada.......................................  Carson City....................            2,588                6
Nevada.......................................  Churchill......................            1,250                4
Nevada.......................................  Clark..........................            2,854                6
Nevada.......................................  Douglas........................              672                3
Nevada.......................................  Elko...........................              131                1
Nevada.......................................  Esmeralda......................              834                3
Nevada.......................................  Eureka.........................              184                1
Nevada.......................................  Humboldt.......................              304                2
Nevada.......................................  Lander.........................              198                1
Nevada.......................................  Lincoln........................              846                3
Nevada.......................................  Lyon...........................            1,124                4
Nevada.......................................  Mineral........................              154                1
Nevada.......................................  Nye............................              835                3
Nevada.......................................  Pershing.......................              544                3
Nevada.......................................  Storey.........................           25,714               10
Nevada.......................................  Washoe.........................              476                2
Nevada.......................................  White Pine.....................              435                2
New Hampshire................................  Belknap........................            2,755                6
New Hampshire................................  Carroll........................            2,266                6
New Hampshire................................  Cheshire.......................            2,541                6
New Hampshire................................  Coos...........................              957                3
New Hampshire................................  Grafton........................            1,718                5
New Hampshire................................  Hillsborough...................            4,495                7
New Hampshire................................  Merrimack......................            2,146                6
New Hampshire................................  Rockingham.....................            5,459                8
New Hampshire................................  Strafford......................            2,328                6
New Hampshire................................  Sullivan.......................            2,047                6
New Jersey...................................  Atlantic.......................            4,637                7
New Jersey...................................  Bergen.........................           38,527               11
New Jersey...................................  Burlington.....................            5,422                8
New Jersey...................................  Camden.........................            9,157                8
New Jersey...................................  Cape May.......................            5,639                8
New Jersey...................................  Cumberland.....................            3,771                7

[[Page 65100]]


New Jersey...................................  Essex..........................           36,694               11
New Jersey...................................  Gloucester.....................            7,588                8
New Jersey...................................  Hudson *.......................            7,396                8
New Jersey...................................  Hunterdon......................            9,595                8
New Jersey...................................  Mercer.........................           15,084                9
New Jersey...................................  Middlesex......................           11,731                9
New Jersey...................................  Monmouth.......................           13,750                9
New Jersey...................................  Morris.........................           21,135               10
New Jersey...................................  Ocean..........................           11,618                9
New Jersey...................................  Passaic........................           25,729               10
New Jersey...................................  Salem..........................            3,658                7
New Jersey...................................  Somerset.......................           11,552                9
New Jersey...................................  Sussex.........................            5,709                8
New Jersey...................................  Union..........................           74,526               12
New Jersey...................................  Warren.........................            5,942                8
New Mexico...................................  Bernalillo.....................              382                2
New Mexico...................................  Catron.........................              109                1
New Mexico...................................  Chaves.........................              170                1
New Mexico...................................  Cibola.........................              122                1
New Mexico...................................  Colfax.........................              179                1
New Mexico...................................  Curry..........................              421                2
New Mexico...................................  De Baca........................              103                1
New Mexico...................................  Dona Ana.......................            1,252                4
New Mexico...................................  Eddy...........................              204                1
New Mexico...................................  Grant..........................              149                1
New Mexico...................................  Guadalupe......................               83                1
New Mexico...................................  Harding *......................              187                1
New Mexico...................................  Hidalgo........................              111                1
New Mexico...................................  Lea............................              125                1
New Mexico...................................  Lincoln........................              147                1
New Mexico...................................  Los Alamos *...................              187                1
New Mexico...................................  Luna...........................              182                1
New Mexico...................................  McKinley.......................               60                1
New Mexico...................................  Mora...........................              247                1
New Mexico...................................  Otero..........................              193                1
New Mexico...................................  Quay...........................              144                1
New Mexico...................................  Rio Arriba.....................              262                2
New Mexico...................................  Roosevelt......................              212                1
New Mexico...................................  San Juan.......................              259                2
New Mexico...................................  San Miguel.....................              200                1
New Mexico...................................  Sandoval.......................              157                1
New Mexico...................................  Santa Fe.......................              388                2
New Mexico...................................  Sierra.........................              140                1
New Mexico...................................  Socorro........................              166                1
New Mexico...................................  Taos...........................              470                2
New Mexico...................................  Torrance.......................              154                1
New Mexico...................................  Union..........................              160                1
New Mexico...................................  Valencia.......................              534                3
New York.....................................  Albany.........................            2,548                6
New York.....................................  Allegany.......................              845                3
New York.....................................  Bronx *........................            1,366                4
New York.....................................  Broome.........................            2,362                6
New York.....................................  Cattaraugus....................            1,034                4
New York.....................................  Cayuga.........................            1,218                4
New York.....................................  Chautauqua.....................            1,121                4
New York.....................................  Chemung........................            1,104                4
New York.....................................  Chenango.......................              886                3
New York.....................................  Clinton........................              865                3
New York.....................................  Columbia.......................            2,532                6
New York.....................................  Cortland.......................              859                3
New York.....................................  Delaware.......................            1,366                4
New York.....................................  Dutchess.......................            5,033                8
New York.....................................  Erie...........................            1,478                4
New York.....................................  Essex..........................            1,148                4
New York.....................................  Franklin.......................              777                3
New York.....................................  Fulton.........................            1,298                4
New York.....................................  Genesee........................            1,116                4
New York.....................................  Greene.........................            1,704                5
New York.....................................  Hamilton *.....................            1,366                4
New York.....................................  Herkimer.......................              937                3
New York.....................................  Jefferson......................              698                3

[[Page 65101]]


New York.....................................  Kings *........................            1,366                4
New York.....................................  Lewis..........................              656                3
New York.....................................  Livingston.....................            1,169                4
New York.....................................  Madison........................            1,014                4
New York.....................................  Monroe.........................            1,575                5
New York.....................................  Montgomery.....................            1,194                4
New York.....................................  Nassau.........................           24,317               10
New York.....................................  New York.......................            6,000                8
New York.....................................  Niagara........................            1,353                4
New York.....................................  Oneida.........................              945                3
New York.....................................  Onondaga.......................            1,187                4
New York.....................................  Ontario........................            1,343                4
New York.....................................  Orange.........................            3,471                7
New York.....................................  Orleans........................              993                3
New York.....................................  Oswego.........................            1,820                5
New York.....................................  Otsego.........................            1,346                4
New York.....................................  Putnam.........................            7,612                8
New York.....................................  Queens.........................            1,366                4
New York.....................................  Rensselaer.....................            2,076                6
New York.....................................  Richmond.......................           79,163               12
New York.....................................  Rockland.......................           20,123               10
New York.....................................  Saratoga.......................            2,254                6
New York.....................................  Schenectady....................            1,706                5
New York.....................................  Schoharie......................            1,374                4
New York.....................................  Schuyler.......................            1,244                4
New York.....................................  Seneca.........................            1,204                4
New York.....................................  St. Lawrence...................              597                3
New York.....................................  Steuben........................              882                3
New York.....................................  Suffolk........................           14,506                9
New York.....................................  Sullivan.......................            2,238                6
New York.....................................  Tioga..........................            1,108                4
New York.....................................  Tompkins.......................            1,349                4
New York.....................................  Ulster.........................            2,831                6
New York.....................................  Warren.........................            2,509                6
New York.....................................  Washington.....................            1,085                4
New York.....................................  Wayne..........................            1,990                5
New York.....................................  Westchester....................           12,075                9
New York.....................................  Wyoming........................            1,073                4
New York.....................................  Yates..........................            1,490                4
North Carolina...............................  Alamance.......................            3,094                7
North Carolina...............................  Alexander......................            3,703                7
North Carolina...............................  Alleghany......................            2,761                6
North Carolina...............................  Anson..........................            2,219                6
North Carolina...............................  Ashe...........................            3,330                7
North Carolina...............................  Avery..........................            3,490                7
North Carolina...............................  Beaufort.......................            1,538                5
North Carolina...............................  Bertie.........................            1,611                5
North Carolina...............................  Bladen.........................            2,363                6
North Carolina...............................  Brunswick......................            2,546                6
North Carolina...............................  Buncombe.......................            3,589                7
North Carolina...............................  Burke..........................            3,224                7
North Carolina...............................  Cabarrus.......................            3,922                7
North Carolina...............................  Caldwell.......................            3,879                7
North Carolina...............................  Camden.........................            1,507                5
North Carolina...............................  Carteret.......................            1,680                5
North Carolina...............................  Caswell........................            2,075                6
North Carolina...............................  Catawba........................            2,882                6
North Carolina...............................  Chatham........................            2,710                6
North Carolina...............................  Cherokee.......................            3,951                7
North Carolina...............................  Chowan.........................            1,906                5
North Carolina...............................  Clay...........................            4,134                7
North Carolina...............................  Cleveland......................            2,442                6
North Carolina...............................  Columbus.......................            1,768                5
North Carolina...............................  Craven.........................            1,922                5
North Carolina...............................  Cumberland.....................            2,024                6
North Carolina...............................  Currituck......................            2,408                6
North Carolina...............................  Dare...........................            1,014                4
North Carolina...............................  Davidson.......................            3,185                7
North Carolina...............................  Davie..........................            3,317                7
North Carolina...............................  Duplin.........................            2,367                6
North Carolina...............................  Durham.........................            4,333                7

[[Page 65102]]


North Carolina...............................  Edgecombe......................            1,659                5
North Carolina...............................  Forsyth........................            3,647                7
North Carolina...............................  Franklin.......................            2,314                6
North Carolina...............................  Gaston.........................            3,374                7
North Carolina...............................  Gates..........................            1,471                4
North Carolina...............................  Graham.........................            2,985                6
North Carolina...............................  Granville......................            2,161                6
North Carolina...............................  Greene.........................            2,396                6
North Carolina...............................  Guilford.......................            4,057                7
North Carolina...............................  Halifax........................            1,448                4
North Carolina...............................  Harnett........................            2,837                6
North Carolina...............................  Haywood........................            3,717                7
North Carolina...............................  Henderson......................            4,194                7
North Carolina...............................  Hertford.......................            1,547                5
North Carolina...............................  Hoke...........................            2,152                6
North Carolina...............................  Hyde...........................            1,455                4
North Carolina...............................  Iredell........................            3,653                7
North Carolina...............................  Jackson........................            4,878                7
North Carolina...............................  Johnston.......................            2,866                6
North Carolina...............................  Jones..........................            1,847                5
North Carolina...............................  Lee............................            2,574                6
North Carolina...............................  Lenoir.........................            2,661                6
North Carolina...............................  Lincoln........................            3,176                7
North Carolina...............................  Macon..........................            4,831                7
North Carolina...............................  Madison........................            3,154                7
North Carolina...............................  Martin.........................            1,702                5
North Carolina...............................  McDowell.......................            2,684                6
North Carolina...............................  Mecklenburg....................            7,693                8
North Carolina...............................  Mitchell.......................            3,465                7
North Carolina...............................  Montgomery.....................            2,670                6
North Carolina...............................  Moore..........................            2,422                6
North Carolina...............................  Nash...........................            2,002                6
North Carolina...............................  New Hanover....................            7,981                8
North Carolina...............................  Northampton....................            1,609                5
North Carolina...............................  Onslow.........................            2,359                6
North Carolina...............................  Orange.........................            3,899                7
North Carolina...............................  Pamlico........................            1,565                5
North Carolina...............................  Pasquotank.....................            1,552                5
North Carolina...............................  Pender.........................            2,494                6
North Carolina...............................  Perquimans.....................            1,828                5
North Carolina...............................  Person.........................            1,970                5
North Carolina...............................  Pitt...........................            1,911                5
North Carolina...............................  Polk...........................            3,746                7
North Carolina...............................  Randolph.......................            3,051                7
North Carolina...............................  Richmond.......................            1,986                5
North Carolina...............................  Robeson........................            1,595                5
North Carolina...............................  Rockingham.....................            2,132                6
North Carolina...............................  Rowan..........................            2,876                6
North Carolina...............................  Rutherford.....................            2,428                6
North Carolina...............................  Sampson........................            2,467                6
North Carolina...............................  Scotland.......................            1,775                5
North Carolina...............................  Stanly.........................            2,920                6
North Carolina...............................  Stokes.........................            2,325                6
North Carolina...............................  Surry..........................            2,917                6
North Carolina...............................  Swain..........................            3,569                7
North Carolina...............................  Transylvania...................            5,134                8
North Carolina...............................  Tyrrell........................            1,447                4
North Carolina...............................  Union..........................            2,950                6
North Carolina...............................  Vance..........................            1,714                5
North Carolina...............................  Wake...........................            5,110                8
North Carolina...............................  Warren.........................            1,717                5
North Carolina...............................  Washington.....................            1,563                5
North Carolina...............................  Watauga........................            3,221                7
North Carolina...............................  Wayne..........................            2,530                6
North Carolina...............................  Wilkes.........................            2,398                6
North Carolina...............................  Wilson.........................            1,977                5
North Carolina...............................  Yadkin.........................            2,606                6
North Carolina...............................  Yancey.........................            3,702                7
North Dakota.................................  Adams..........................              200                1
North Dakota.................................  Barnes.........................              358                2
North Dakota.................................  Benson.........................              284                2

[[Page 65103]]


North Dakota.................................  Billings.......................              200                1
North Dakota.................................  Bottineau......................              327                2
North Dakota.................................  Bowman.........................              199                1
North Dakota.................................  Burke..........................              236                1
North Dakota.................................  Burleigh.......................              271                2
North Dakota.................................  Cass...........................              701                3
North Dakota.................................  Cavalier.......................              434                2
North Dakota.................................  Dickey.........................              402                2
North Dakota.................................  Divide.........................              228                1
North Dakota.................................  Dunn...........................              202                1
North Dakota.................................  Eddy...........................              252                2
North Dakota.................................  Emmons.........................              224                1
North Dakota.................................  Foster.........................              319                2
North Dakota.................................  Golden Valley..................              197                1
North Dakota.................................  Grand Forks....................              634                3
North Dakota.................................  Grant..........................              247                1
North Dakota.................................  Griggs.........................              283                2
North Dakota.................................  Hettinger......................              269                2
North Dakota.................................  Kidder.........................              225                1
North Dakota.................................  LaMoure........................              446                2
North Dakota.................................  Logan..........................              196                1
North Dakota.................................  McHenry........................              263                2
North Dakota.................................  McIntosh.......................              230                1
North Dakota.................................  McKenzie.......................              243                1
North Dakota.................................  McLean.........................              342                2
North Dakota.................................  Mercer.........................              214                1
North Dakota.................................  Morton.........................              242                1
North Dakota.................................  Mountrail......................              245                1
North Dakota.................................  Nelson.........................              276                2
North Dakota.................................  Oliver.........................              194                1
North Dakota.................................  Pembina........................              612                3
North Dakota.................................  Pierce.........................              277                2
North Dakota.................................  Ramsey.........................              294                2
North Dakota.................................  Ransom.........................              416                2
North Dakota.................................  Renville.......................              429                2
North Dakota.................................  Richland.......................              756                3
North Dakota.................................  Rolette........................              263                2
North Dakota.................................  Sargent........................              434                2
North Dakota.................................  Sheridan.......................              225                1
North Dakota.................................  Sioux..........................              161                1
North Dakota.................................  Slope..........................              195                1
North Dakota.................................  Stark..........................              259                2
North Dakota.................................  Steele.........................              462                2
North Dakota.................................  Stutsman.......................              326                2
North Dakota.................................  Towner.........................              287                2
North Dakota.................................  Traill.........................              674                3
North Dakota.................................  Walsh..........................              575                3
North Dakota.................................  Ward...........................              335                2
North Dakota.................................  Wells..........................              300                2
North Dakota.................................  Williams.......................              258                2
Ohio.........................................  Adams..........................            1,512                5
Ohio.........................................  Allen..........................            2,425                6
Ohio.........................................  Ashland........................            2,312                6
Ohio.........................................  Ashtabula......................            1,919                5
Ohio.........................................  Athens.........................            1,424                4
Ohio.........................................  Auglaize.......................            2,346                6
Ohio.........................................  Belmont........................            1,315                4
Ohio.........................................  Brown..........................            1,894                5
Ohio.........................................  Butler.........................            3,289                7
Ohio.........................................  Carroll........................            1,673                5
Ohio.........................................  Champaign......................            2,274                6
Ohio.........................................  Clark..........................            2,831                6
Ohio.........................................  Clermont.......................            2,889                6
Ohio.........................................  Clinton........................            2,320                6
Ohio.........................................  Columbiana.....................            2,317                6
Ohio.........................................  Coshocton......................            1,822                5
Ohio.........................................  Crawford.......................            1,950                5
Ohio.........................................  Cuyahoga.......................           17,394                9
Ohio.........................................  Darke..........................            2,536                6
Ohio.........................................  Defiance.......................            1,655                5
Ohio.........................................  Delaware.......................            3,034                7

[[Page 65104]]


Ohio.........................................  Erie...........................            2,494                6
Ohio.........................................  Fairfield......................            2,659                6
Ohio.........................................  Fayette........................            1,938                5
Ohio.........................................  Franklin.......................            3,747                7
Ohio.........................................  Fulton.........................            2,123                6
Ohio.........................................  Gallia.........................            1,439                4
Ohio.........................................  Geauga.........................            4,966                7
Ohio.........................................  Greene.........................            2,466                6
Ohio.........................................  Guernsey.......................            1,532                5
Ohio.........................................  Hamilton.......................            4,110                7
Ohio.........................................  Hancock........................            1,939                5
Ohio.........................................  Hardin.........................            1,755                5
Ohio.........................................  Harrison.......................              926                3
Ohio.........................................  Henry..........................            2,018                6
Ohio.........................................  Highland.......................            1,962                5
Ohio.........................................  Hocking........................            2,013                6
Ohio.........................................  Holmes.........................            2,787                6
Ohio.........................................  Huron..........................            2,217                6
Ohio.........................................  Jackson........................            1,094                4
Ohio.........................................  Jefferson......................            1,493                4
Ohio.........................................  Knox...........................            2,302                6
Ohio.........................................  Lake...........................            6,431                8
Ohio.........................................  Lawrence.......................            1,428                4
Ohio.........................................  Licking........................            2,814                6
Ohio.........................................  Logan..........................            1,718                5
Ohio.........................................  Lorain.........................            2,531                6
Ohio.........................................  Lucas..........................            2,692                6
Ohio.........................................  Madison........................            2,479                6
Ohio.........................................  Mahoning.......................            2,488                6
Ohio.........................................  Marion.........................            1,783                5
Ohio.........................................  Medina.........................            3,881                7
Ohio.........................................  Meigs..........................            1,385                4
Ohio.........................................  Mercer.........................            2,606                6
Ohio.........................................  Miami..........................            2,620                6
Ohio.........................................  Monroe.........................            1,126                4
Ohio.........................................  Montgomery.....................            3,101                7
Ohio.........................................  Morgan.........................            1,174                4
Ohio.........................................  Morrow.........................            1,971                5
Ohio.........................................  Muskingum......................            1,539                5
Ohio.........................................  Noble..........................            1,289                4
Ohio.........................................  Ottawa.........................            1,742                5
Ohio.........................................  Paulding.......................            1,672                5
Ohio.........................................  Perry..........................            1,809                5
Ohio.........................................  Pickaway.......................            2,386                6
Ohio.........................................  Pike...........................            1,322                4
Ohio.........................................  Portage........................            3,396                7
Ohio.........................................  Preble.........................            2,008                6
Ohio.........................................  Putnam.........................            1,909                5
Ohio.........................................  Richland.......................            2,187                6
Ohio.........................................  Ross...........................            1,652                5
Ohio.........................................  Sandusky.......................            1,840                5
Ohio.........................................  Scioto.........................            1,295                4
Ohio.........................................  Seneca.........................            1,877                5
Ohio.........................................  Shelby.........................            2,194                6
Ohio.........................................  Stark..........................            3,231                7
Ohio.........................................  Summit.........................            4,578                7
Ohio.........................................  Trumbull.......................            2,414                6
Ohio.........................................  Tuscarawas.....................            2,285                6
Ohio.........................................  Union..........................            2,050                6
Ohio.........................................  Van Wert.......................            2,079                6
Ohio.........................................  Vinton.........................            1,651                5
Ohio.........................................  Warren.........................            3,881                7
Ohio.........................................  Washington.....................            1,576                5
Ohio.........................................  Wayne..........................            3,568                7
Ohio.........................................  Williams.......................            1,799                5
Ohio.........................................  Wood...........................            2,211                6
Ohio.........................................  Wyandot........................            2,227                6
Oklahoma.....................................  Adair..........................              943                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Alfalfa........................              565                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Atoka..........................              502                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Beaver.........................              292                2

[[Page 65105]]


Oklahoma.....................................  Beckham........................              460                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Blaine.........................              490                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Bryan..........................              694                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Caddo..........................              495                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Canadian.......................              800                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Carter.........................              610                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Cherokee.......................              925                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Choctaw........................              486                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Cimarron.......................              241                1
Oklahoma.....................................  Cleveland......................            1,490                4
Oklahoma.....................................  Coal...........................              507                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Comanche.......................              614                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Cotton.........................              418                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Craig..........................              616                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Creek..........................              725                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Custer.........................              463                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Delaware.......................            1,206                4
Oklahoma.....................................  Dewey..........................              417                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Ellis..........................              262                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Garfield.......................              547                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Garvin.........................              658                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Grady..........................              631                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Grant..........................              466                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Greer..........................              317                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Harmon.........................              292                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Harper.........................              264                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Haskell........................              704                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Hughes.........................              485                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Jackson........................              418                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Jefferson......................              401                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Johnston.......................              601                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Kay............................              590                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Kingfisher.....................              603                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Kiowa..........................              402                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Latimer........................              512                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Le Flore.......................              976                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Lincoln........................              698                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Logan..........................              780                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Love...........................              635                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Major..........................              446                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Marshall.......................              539                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Mayes..........................              994                3
Oklahoma.....................................  McClain........................              919                3
Oklahoma.....................................  McCurtain......................              763                3
Oklahoma.....................................  McIntosh.......................              618                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Murray.........................              554                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Muskogee.......................              724                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Noble..........................              574                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Nowata.........................              609                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Okfuskee.......................              617                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Oklahoma.......................            1,542                5
Oklahoma.....................................  Okmulgee.......................              725                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Osage..........................              434                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Ottawa.........................            1,014                4
Oklahoma.....................................  Pawnee.........................              476                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Payne..........................              804                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Pittsburg......................              605                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Pontotoc.......................              646                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Pottawatomie...................              793                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Pushmataha.....................              444                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Roger Mills....................              312                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Rogers.........................            1,124                4
Oklahoma.....................................  Seminole.......................              594                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Sequoyah.......................            1,029                4
Oklahoma.....................................  Stephens.......................              541                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Texas..........................              415                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Tillman........................              438                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Tulsa..........................            1,698                5
Oklahoma.....................................  Wagoner........................            1,075                4
Oklahoma.....................................  Washington.....................              824                3
Oklahoma.....................................  Washita........................              472                2

[[Page 65106]]


Oklahoma.....................................  Woods..........................              389                2
Oklahoma.....................................  Woodward.......................              364                2
Oregon.......................................  Baker..........................              437                2
Oregon.......................................  Benton.........................            3,083                7
Oregon.......................................  Clackamas......................            7,680                8
Oregon.......................................  Clatsop........................            2,221                6
Oregon.......................................  Columbia.......................            3,050                7
Oregon.......................................  Coos...........................            2,691                6
Oregon.......................................  Crook..........................              425                2
Oregon.......................................  Curry..........................            1,559                5
Oregon.......................................  Deschutes......................            4,138                7
Oregon.......................................  Douglas........................            1,648                5
Oregon.......................................  Gilliam........................              244                1
Oregon.......................................  Grant..........................              245                1
Oregon.......................................  Harney.........................              231                1
Oregon.......................................  Hood River.....................            7,491                8
Oregon.......................................  Jackson........................            2,259                6
Oregon.......................................  Jefferson......................              449                2
Oregon.......................................  Josephine......................            3,322                7
Oregon.......................................  Klamath........................              810                3
Oregon.......................................  Lake...........................              390                2
Oregon.......................................  Lane...........................            3,658                7
Oregon.......................................  Lincoln........................            2,086                6
Oregon.......................................  Linn...........................            2,279                6
Oregon.......................................  Malheur........................              430                2
Oregon.......................................  Marion.........................            4,086                7
Oregon.......................................  Morrow.........................              292                2
Oregon.......................................  Multnomah......................            8,701                8
Oregon.......................................  Polk...........................            3,958                7
Oregon.......................................  Sherman........................              294                2
Oregon.......................................  Tillamook......................            4,207                7
Oregon.......................................  Umatilla.......................              612                3
Oregon.......................................  Union..........................              835                3
Oregon.......................................  Wallowa........................              491                2
Oregon.......................................  Wasco..........................              315                2
Oregon.......................................  Washington.....................            5,835                8
Oregon.......................................  Wheeler........................              219                1
Oregon.......................................  Yamhill........................            5,508                8
Pennsylvania.................................  Adams..........................            3,025                7
Pennsylvania.................................  Allegheny......................            3,810                7
Pennsylvania.................................  Armstrong......................            1,866                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Beaver.........................            2,381                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Bedford........................            1,584                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Berks..........................            4,422                7
Pennsylvania.................................  Blair..........................            2,501                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Bradford.......................            1,432                4
Pennsylvania.................................  Bucks..........................            7,534                8
Pennsylvania.................................  Butler.........................            3,160                7
Pennsylvania.................................  Cambria........................            2,150                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Cameron........................            1,502                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Carbon.........................            3,549                7
Pennsylvania.................................  Centre.........................            2,720                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Chester........................            8,286                8
Pennsylvania.................................  Clarion........................            1,470                4
Pennsylvania.................................  Clearfield.....................            1,320                4
Pennsylvania.................................  Clinton........................            2,243                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Columbia.......................            2,510                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Crawford.......................            1,390                4
Pennsylvania.................................  Cumberland.....................            3,061                7
Pennsylvania.................................  Dauphin........................            4,233                7
Pennsylvania.................................  Delaware.......................           18,282                9
Pennsylvania.................................  Elk............................            2,483                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Erie...........................            1,856                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Fayette........................            1,475                4
Pennsylvania.................................  Forest.........................            1,606                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Franklin.......................            3,103                7
Pennsylvania.................................  Fulton.........................            1,854                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Greene.........................              947                3
Pennsylvania.................................  Huntingdon.....................            1,949                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Indiana........................            1,503                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Jefferson......................            1,485                4

[[Page 65107]]


Pennsylvania.................................  Juniata........................            2,447                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Lackawanna.....................            2,564                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Lancaster......................            6,364                8
Pennsylvania.................................  Lawrence.......................            1,953                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Lebanon........................            4,279                7
Pennsylvania.................................  Lehigh.........................            3,603                7
Pennsylvania.................................  Luzerne........................            2,833                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Lycoming.......................            1,854                5
Pennsylvania.................................  McKean.........................              943                3
Pennsylvania.................................  Mercer.........................            1,656                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Mifflin........................            2,551                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Monroe.........................            4,153                7
Pennsylvania.................................  Montgomery.....................           10,198                9
Pennsylvania.................................  Montour........................            2,397                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Northampton....................            3,890                7
Pennsylvania.................................  Northumberland.................            2,479                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Perry..........................            2,562                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Philadelphia...................           20,872               10
Pennsylvania.................................  Pike...........................            2,302                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Potter.........................            1,342                4
Pennsylvania.................................  Schuylkill.....................            2,706                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Snyder.........................            2,846                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Somerset.......................            1,516                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Sullivan.......................            1,502                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Susquehanna....................            1,730                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Tioga..........................            1,862                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Union..........................            3,325                7
Pennsylvania.................................  Venango........................            1,191                4
Pennsylvania.................................  Warren.........................            1,030                4
Pennsylvania.................................  Washington.....................            1,676                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Wayne..........................            1,689                5
Pennsylvania.................................  Westmoreland...................            2,251                6
Pennsylvania.................................  Wyoming........................            1,821                5
Pennsylvania.................................  York...........................            3,844                7
Puerto Rico..................................  All Areas......................            4,693                7
Rhode Island.................................  Bristol........................           17,945                9
Rhode Island.................................  Kent...........................            5,242                8
Rhode Island.................................  Newport........................           10,690                9
Rhode Island.................................  Providence.....................            7,186                8
Rhode Island.................................  Washington.....................            6,194                8
South Carolina...............................  Abbeville......................            1,623                5
South Carolina...............................  Aiken..........................            1,775                5
South Carolina...............................  Allendale......................            1,002                4
South Carolina...............................  Anderson.......................            2,651                6
South Carolina...............................  Bamberg........................            1,051                4
South Carolina...............................  Barnwell.......................            1,045                4
South Carolina...............................  Beaufort.......................            1,978                5
South Carolina...............................  Berkeley.......................            2,196                6
South Carolina...............................  Calhoun........................            1,182                4
South Carolina...............................  Charleston.....................            3,974                7
South Carolina...............................  Cherokee.......................            1,624                5
South Carolina...............................  Chester........................            1,598                5
South Carolina...............................  Chesterfield...................            1,126                4
South Carolina...............................  Clarendon......................            1,132                4
South Carolina...............................  Colleton.......................            1,400                4
South Carolina...............................  Darlington.....................              797                3
South Carolina...............................  Dillon.........................            1,113                4
South Carolina...............................  Dorchester.....................            1,588                5
South Carolina...............................  Edgefield......................            1,626                5
South Carolina...............................  Fairfield......................            1,194                4
South Carolina...............................  Florence.......................            1,256                4
South Carolina...............................  Georgetown.....................            1,698                5
South Carolina...............................  Greenville.....................            2,722                6
South Carolina...............................  Greenwood......................            1,486                4
South Carolina...............................  Hampton........................            1,198                4
South Carolina...............................  Horry..........................            1,737                5
South Carolina...............................  Jasper.........................            1,163                4
South Carolina...............................  Kershaw........................            1,693                5
South Carolina...............................  Lancaster......................            1,763                5
South Carolina...............................  Laurens........................            1,789                5
South Carolina...............................  Lee............................            1,105                4

[[Page 65108]]


South Carolina...............................  Lexington......................            2,224                6
South Carolina...............................  Marion.........................            1,202                4
South Carolina...............................  Marlboro.......................              963                3
South Carolina...............................  McCormick......................            2,101                6
South Carolina...............................  Newberry.......................            1,642                5
South Carolina...............................  Oconee.........................            3,834                7
South Carolina...............................  Orangeburg.....................            1,097                4
South Carolina...............................  Pickens........................            3,722                7
South Carolina...............................  Richland.......................            2,637                6
South Carolina...............................  Saluda.........................            1,613                5
South Carolina...............................  Spartanburg....................            3,223                7
South Carolina...............................  Sumter.........................            1,566                5
South Carolina...............................  Union..........................            1,398                4
South Carolina...............................  Williamsburg...................            1,324                4
South Carolina...............................  York...........................            3,254                7
South Dakota.................................  Aurora.........................              474                2
South Dakota.................................  Beadle.........................              430                2
South Dakota.................................  Bennett........................              193                1
South Dakota.................................  Bon Homme......................              630                3
South Dakota.................................  Brookings......................              697                3
South Dakota.................................  Brown..........................              590                3
South Dakota.................................  Brule..........................              394                2
South Dakota.................................  Buffalo........................              218                1
South Dakota.................................  Butte..........................              210                1
South Dakota.................................  Campbell.......................              251                2
South Dakota.................................  Charles Mix....................              477                2
South Dakota.................................  Clark..........................              506                3
South Dakota.................................  Clay...........................            1,021                4
South Dakota.................................  Codington......................              590                3
South Dakota.................................  Corson.........................              138                1
South Dakota.................................  Custer.........................              310                2
South Dakota.................................  Davison........................              567                3
South Dakota.................................  Day............................              481                2
South Dakota.................................  Deuel..........................              566                3
South Dakota.................................  Dewey..........................              170                1
South Dakota.................................  Douglas........................              525                3
South Dakota.................................  Edmunds........................              372                2
South Dakota.................................  Fall River.....................              203                1
South Dakota.................................  Faulk..........................              313                2
South Dakota.................................  Grant..........................              582                3
South Dakota.................................  Gregory........................              317                2
South Dakota.................................  Haakon.........................              174                1
South Dakota.................................  Hamlin.........................              634                3
South Dakota.................................  Hand...........................              278                2
South Dakota.................................  Hanson.........................              616                3
South Dakota.................................  Harding........................              119                1
South Dakota.................................  Hughes.........................              353                2
South Dakota.................................  Hutchinson.....................              640                3
South Dakota.................................  Hyde...........................              242                1
South Dakota.................................  Jackson........................              160                1
South Dakota.................................  Jerauld........................              321                2
South Dakota.................................  Jones..........................              214                1
South Dakota.................................  Kingsbury......................              594                3
South Dakota.................................  Lake...........................              786                3
South Dakota.................................  Lawrence.......................              579                3
South Dakota.................................  Lincoln........................            1,338                4
South Dakota.................................  Lyman..........................              275                2
South Dakota.................................  Marshall.......................              482                2
South Dakota.................................  McCook.........................              688                3
South Dakota.................................  McPherson......................              277                2
South Dakota.................................  Meade..........................              214                1
South Dakota.................................  Mellette.......................              166                1
South Dakota.................................  Miner..........................              556                3
South Dakota.................................  Minnehaha......................            1,169                4
South Dakota.................................  Moody..........................              964                3
South Dakota.................................  Pennington.....................              281                2
South Dakota.................................  Perkins........................              151                1
South Dakota.................................  Potter.........................              354                2
South Dakota.................................  Roberts........................              560                3
South Dakota.................................  Sanborn........................              390                2
South Dakota.................................  Shannon........................              134                1

[[Page 65109]]


South Dakota.................................  Spink..........................              451                2
South Dakota.................................  Stanley........................              166                1
South Dakota.................................  Sully..........................              386                2
South Dakota.................................  Todd...........................              166                1
South Dakota.................................  Tripp..........................              270                2
South Dakota.................................  Turner.........................            1,033                4
South Dakota.................................  Union..........................            1,538                5
South Dakota.................................  Walworth.......................              272                2
South Dakota.................................  Yankton........................              839                3
South Dakota.................................  Ziebach........................              138                1
Tennessee....................................  Anderson.......................            3,226                7
Tennessee....................................  Bedford........................            1,995                5
Tennessee....................................  Benton.........................            1,264                4
Tennessee....................................  Bledsoe........................            1,739                5
Tennessee....................................  Blount.........................            4,243                7
Tennessee....................................  Bradley........................            3,043                7
Tennessee....................................  Campbell.......................            1,576                5
Tennessee....................................  Cannon.........................            2,214                6
Tennessee....................................  Carroll........................            1,340                4
Tennessee....................................  Carter.........................            2,426                6
Tennessee....................................  Cheatham.......................            2,487                6
Tennessee....................................  Chester........................            1,315                4
Tennessee....................................  Claiborne......................            1,472                4
Tennessee....................................  Clay...........................            1,212                4
Tennessee....................................  Cocke..........................            2,247                6
Tennessee....................................  Coffee.........................            2,065                6
Tennessee....................................  Crockett.......................            1,638                5
Tennessee....................................  Cumberland.....................            2,056                6
Tennessee....................................  Davidson.......................            5,247                8
Tennessee....................................  Decatur........................            1,061                4
Tennessee....................................  DeKalb.........................            2,035                6
Tennessee....................................  Dickson........................            2,090                6
Tennessee....................................  Dyer...........................            1,517                5
Tennessee....................................  Fayette........................            1,625                5
Tennessee....................................  Fentress.......................            1,802                5
Tennessee....................................  Franklin.......................            2,145                6
Tennessee....................................  Gibson.........................            1,275                4
Tennessee....................................  Giles..........................            1,674                5
Tennessee....................................  Grainger.......................            1,651                5
Tennessee....................................  Greene.........................            2,353                6
Tennessee....................................  Grundy.........................            1,709                5
Tennessee....................................  Hamblen........................            3,082                7
Tennessee....................................  Hamilton.......................            2,459                6
Tennessee....................................  Hancock........................            1,563                5
Tennessee....................................  Hardeman.......................              989                3
Tennessee....................................  Hardin.........................            1,181                4
Tennessee....................................  Hawkins........................            2,173                6
Tennessee....................................  Haywood........................            1,297                4
Tennessee....................................  Henderson......................            1,115                4
Tennessee....................................  Henry..........................            1,229                4
Tennessee....................................  Hickman........................            1,215                4
Tennessee....................................  Houston........................            1,166                4
Tennessee....................................  Humphreys......................            1,279                4
Tennessee....................................  Jackson........................            1,385                4
Tennessee....................................  Jefferson......................            3,082                7
Tennessee....................................  Johnson........................            2,995                6
Tennessee....................................  Knox...........................            4,136                7
Tennessee....................................  Lake...........................            1,207                4
Tennessee....................................  Lauderdale.....................            1,136                4
Tennessee....................................  Lawrence.......................            1,446                4
Tennessee....................................  Lewis..........................            1,525                5
Tennessee....................................  Lincoln........................            1,619                5
Tennessee....................................  Loudon.........................            3,150                7
Tennessee....................................  Macon..........................            2,118                6
Tennessee....................................  Madison........................            2,024                6
Tennessee....................................  Marion.........................            1,607                5
Tennessee....................................  Marshall.......................            1,804                5
Tennessee....................................  Maury..........................            2,063                6
Tennessee....................................  McMinn.........................            2,251                6
Tennessee....................................  McNairy........................              849                3
Tennessee....................................  Meigs..........................            2,250                6

[[Page 65110]]


Tennessee....................................  Monroe.........................            2,341                6
Tennessee....................................  Montgomery.....................            1,930                5
Tennessee....................................  Moore..........................            1,673                5
Tennessee....................................  Morgan.........................            1,858                5
Tennessee....................................  Obion..........................            1,333                4
Tennessee....................................  Overton........................            1,984                5
Tennessee....................................  Perry..........................            1,187                4
Tennessee....................................  Pickett........................            1,891                5
Tennessee....................................  Polk...........................            3,309                7
Tennessee....................................  Putnam.........................            2,383                6
Tennessee....................................  Rhea...........................            2,164                6
Tennessee....................................  Roane..........................            2,854                6
Tennessee....................................  Robertson......................            2,038                6
Tennessee....................................  Rutherford.....................            2,367                6
Tennessee....................................  Scott..........................            1,619                5
Tennessee....................................  Sequatchie.....................            1,810                5
Tennessee....................................  Sevier.........................            3,016                7
Tennessee....................................  Shelby.........................            3,057                7
Tennessee....................................  Smith..........................            1,668                5
Tennessee....................................  Stewart........................            1,655                5
Tennessee....................................  Sullivan.......................            2,788                6
Tennessee....................................  Sumner.........................            2,637                6
Tennessee....................................  Tipton.........................            1,558                5
Tennessee....................................  Trousdale......................            2,103                6
Tennessee....................................  Unicoi.........................            5,030                8
Tennessee....................................  Union..........................            2,150                6
Tennessee....................................  Van Buren......................            1,586                5
Tennessee....................................  Warren.........................            1,958                5
Tennessee....................................  Washington.....................            3,245                7
Tennessee....................................  Wayne..........................            1,030                4
Tennessee....................................  Weakley........................            1,219                4
Tennessee....................................  White..........................            2,006                6
Tennessee....................................  Williamson.....................            4,133                7
Tennessee....................................  Wilson.........................            2,646                6
Texas........................................  Anderson.......................              830                3
Texas........................................  Andrews........................              131                1
Texas........................................  Angelina.......................            1,856                5
Texas........................................  Aransas........................              806                3
Texas........................................  Archer.........................              423                2
Texas........................................  Armstrong......................              299                2
Texas........................................  Atascosa.......................              760                3
Texas........................................  Austin.........................            1,741                5
Texas........................................  Bailey.........................              352                2
Texas........................................  Bandera........................            1,390                4
Texas........................................  Bastrop........................            1,487                4
Texas........................................  Baylor.........................              414                2
Texas........................................  Bee............................              661                3
Texas........................................  Bell...........................            1,034                4
Texas........................................  Bexar..........................            1,600                5
Texas........................................  Blanco.........................            1,953                5
Texas........................................  Borden.........................              278                2
Texas........................................  Bosque.........................            1,182                4
Texas........................................  Bowie..........................            1,301                4
Texas........................................  Brazoria.......................            1,213                4
Texas........................................  Brazos.........................            1,370                4
Texas........................................  Brewster.......................               92                1
Texas........................................  Briscoe........................              219                1
Texas........................................  Brooks.........................              461                2
Texas........................................  Brown..........................              718                3
Texas........................................  Burleson.......................            1,122                4
Texas........................................  Burnet.........................            1,452                4
Texas........................................  Caldwell.......................            1,341                4
Texas........................................  Calhoun........................              694                3
Texas........................................  Callahan.......................              474                2
Texas........................................  Cameron........................            1,239                4
Texas........................................  Camp...........................            1,512                5
Texas........................................  Carson.........................              355                2
Texas........................................  Cass...........................            1,003                4
Texas........................................  Castro.........................              532                3
Texas........................................  Chambers.......................              725                3
Texas........................................  Cherokee.......................            1,086                4

[[Page 65111]]


Texas........................................  Childress......................              258                2
Texas........................................  Clay...........................              509                3
Texas........................................  Cochran........................              295                2
Texas........................................  Coke...........................              418                2
Texas........................................  Coleman........................              490                2
Texas........................................  Collin.........................            2,027                6
Texas........................................  Collingsworth..................              365                2
Texas........................................  Colorado.......................            1,210                4
Texas........................................  Comal..........................            1,682                5
Texas........................................  Comanche.......................              782                3
Texas........................................  Concho.........................              411                2
Texas........................................  Cooke..........................            1,130                4
Texas........................................  Coryell........................              850                3
Texas........................................  Cottle.........................              187                1
Texas........................................  Crane..........................               90                1
Texas........................................  Crockett.......................              162                1
Texas........................................  Crosby.........................              373                2
Texas........................................  Culberson......................               66                1
Texas........................................  Dallam.........................              481                2
Texas........................................  Dallas.........................            2,375                6
Texas........................................  Dawson.........................              425                2
Texas........................................  Deaf Smith.....................              352                2
Texas........................................  Delta..........................              754                3
Texas........................................  Denton.........................            2,318                6
Texas........................................  DeWitt.........................              959                3
Texas........................................  Dickens........................              229                1
Texas........................................  Dimmit.........................              394                2
Texas........................................  Donley.........................              288                2
Texas........................................  Duval..........................              580                3
Texas........................................  Eastland.......................              583                3
Texas........................................  Ector..........................              113                1
Texas........................................  Edwards........................              334                2
Texas........................................  El Paso........................            1,750                5
Texas........................................  Ellis..........................            1,270                4
Texas........................................  Erath..........................            1,066                4
Texas........................................  Falls..........................              694                3
Texas........................................  Fannin.........................              920                3
Texas........................................  Fayette........................            1,503                5
Texas........................................  Fisher.........................              342                2
Texas........................................  Floyd..........................              387                2
Texas........................................  Foard..........................              274                2
Texas........................................  Fort Bend......................            1,541                5
Texas........................................  Franklin.......................              982                3
Texas........................................  Freestone......................              720                3
Texas........................................  Frio...........................              626                3
Texas........................................  Gaines.........................              482                2
Texas........................................  Galveston......................            1,261                4
Texas........................................  Garza..........................              213                1
Texas........................................  Gillespie......................            1,595                5
Texas........................................  Glasscock......................              282                2
Texas........................................  Goliad.........................              726                3
Texas........................................  Gonzales.......................              939                3
Texas........................................  Gray...........................              342                2
Texas........................................  Grayson........................            1,537                5
Texas........................................  Gregg..........................            1,163                4
Texas........................................  Grimes.........................            1,438                4
Texas........................................  Guadalupe......................            1,617                5
Texas........................................  Hale...........................              473                2
Texas........................................  Hall...........................              231                1
Texas........................................  Hamilton.......................              720                3
Texas........................................  Hansford.......................              295                2
Texas........................................  Hardeman.......................              279                2
Texas........................................  Hardin.........................            1,008                4
Texas........................................  Harris.........................            2,098                6
Texas........................................  Harrison.......................              959                3
Texas........................................  Hartley........................              301                2
Texas........................................  Haskell........................              338                2
Texas........................................  Hays...........................            2,302                6
Texas........................................  Hemphill.......................              213                1
Texas........................................  Henderson......................            1,309                4
Texas........................................  Hidalgo........................            1,612                5

[[Page 65112]]


Texas........................................  Hill...........................              958                3
Texas........................................  Hockley........................              390                2
Texas........................................  Hood...........................            1,857                5
Texas........................................  Hopkins........................            1,124                4
Texas........................................  Houston........................              864                3
Texas........................................  Howard.........................              355                2
Texas........................................  Hudspeth.......................              121                1
Texas........................................  Hunt...........................            1,268                4
Texas........................................  Hutchinson.....................              202                1
Texas........................................  Irion..........................              187                1
Texas........................................  Jack...........................              570                3
Texas........................................  Jackson........................              871                3
Texas........................................  Jasper.........................            1,229                4
Texas........................................  Jeff Davis.....................              105                1
Texas........................................  Jefferson......................              688                3
Texas........................................  Jim Hogg.......................              358                2
Texas........................................  Jim Wells......................              500                2
Texas........................................  Johnson........................            1,748                5
Texas........................................  Jones..........................              416                2
Texas........................................  Karnes.........................              654                3
Texas........................................  Kaufman........................            1,245                4
Texas........................................  Kendall........................            1,734                5
Texas........................................  Kenedy.........................              282                2
Texas........................................  Kent...........................              166                1
Texas........................................  Kerr...........................              907                3
Texas........................................  Kimble.........................              521                3
Texas........................................  King...........................              170                1
Texas........................................  Kinney.........................              318                2
Texas........................................  Kleberg........................              478                2
Texas........................................  Knox...........................              238                1
Texas........................................  La Salle.......................              474                2
Texas........................................  Lamar..........................              704                3
Texas........................................  Lamb...........................              418                2
Texas........................................  Lampasas.......................              972                3
Texas........................................  Lavaca.........................            1,024                4
Texas........................................  Lee............................            1,156                4
Texas........................................  Leon...........................              854                3
Texas........................................  Liberty........................            1,205                4
Texas........................................  Limestone......................              594                3
Texas........................................  Lipscomb.......................              294                2
Texas........................................  Live Oak.......................              568                3
Texas........................................  Llano..........................            1,141                4
Texas........................................  Loving.........................               64                1
Texas........................................  Lubbock........................              649                3
Texas........................................  Lynn...........................              377                2
Texas........................................  Madison........................              910                3
Texas........................................  Marion.........................              781                3
Texas........................................  Martin.........................              347                2
Texas........................................  Mason..........................              777                3
Texas........................................  Matagorda......................              811                3
Texas........................................  Maverick.......................              234                1
Texas........................................  McCulloch......................              579                3
Texas........................................  McLennan.......................              998                3
Texas........................................  McMullen.......................              566                3
Texas........................................  Medina.........................              902                3
Texas........................................  Menard.........................              395                2
Texas........................................  Midland........................              307                2
Texas........................................  Milam..........................              949                3
Texas........................................  Mills..........................              778                3
Texas........................................  Mitchell.......................              273                2
Texas........................................  Montague.......................            1,008                4
Texas........................................  Montgomery.....................            2,247                6
Texas........................................  Moore..........................              459                2
Texas........................................  Morris.........................              666                3
Texas........................................  Motley.........................              214                1
Texas........................................  Nacogdoches....................            1,094                4
Texas........................................  Navarro........................              694                3
Texas........................................  Newton.........................              766                3
Texas........................................  Nolan..........................              380                2
Texas........................................  Nueces.........................              757                3
Texas........................................  Ochiltree......................              346                2

[[Page 65113]]


Texas........................................  Oldham.........................              170                1
Texas........................................  Orange.........................            1,363                4
Texas........................................  Palo Pinto.....................              640                3
Texas........................................  Panola.........................              806                3
Texas........................................  Parker.........................            1,830                5
Texas........................................  Parmer.........................              479                2
Texas........................................  Pecos..........................              111                1
Texas........................................  Polk...........................            1,087                4
Texas........................................  Potter.........................              297                2
Texas........................................  Presidio.......................              259                2
Texas........................................  Rains..........................            1,252                4
Texas........................................  Randall........................              444                2
Texas........................................  Reagan.........................              163                1
Texas........................................  Real...........................              492                2
Texas........................................  Red River......................              703                3
Texas........................................  Reeves.........................              111                1
Texas........................................  Refugio........................              344                2
Texas........................................  Roberts........................              174                1
Texas........................................  Robertson......................              851                3
Texas........................................  Rockwall.......................            2,503                6
Texas........................................  Runnels........................              478                2
Texas........................................  Rusk...........................            1,030                4
Texas........................................  Sabine.........................            1,525                5
Texas........................................  San Augustine..................            1,061                4
Texas........................................  San Jacinto....................            1,694                5
Texas........................................  San Patricio...................              710                3
Texas........................................  San Saba.......................              614                3
Texas........................................  Schleicher.....................              271                2
Texas........................................  Scurry.........................              304                2
Texas........................................  Shackelford....................              350                2
Texas........................................  Shelby.........................            1,484                4
Texas........................................  Sherman........................              448                2
Texas........................................  Smith..........................            1,253                4
Texas........................................  Somervell......................            1,385                4
Texas........................................  Starr..........................              530                3
Texas........................................  Stephens.......................              384                2
Texas........................................  Sterling.......................              160                1
Texas........................................  Stonewall......................              234                1
Texas........................................  Sutton.........................              290                2
Texas........................................  Swisher........................              368                2
Texas........................................  Tarrant........................            2,409                6
Texas........................................  Taylor.........................              529                3
Texas........................................  Terrell........................               86                1
Texas........................................  Terry..........................              488                2
Texas........................................  Throckmorton...................              291                2
Texas........................................  Titus..........................            1,269                4
Texas........................................  Tom Green......................              502                3
Texas........................................  Travis.........................            1,441                4
Texas........................................  Trinity........................              998                3
Texas........................................  Tyler..........................            1,561                5
Texas........................................  Upshur.........................            1,245                4
Texas........................................  Upton..........................              110                1
Texas........................................  Uvalde.........................              516                3
Texas........................................  Val Verde......................              169                1
Texas........................................  Van Zandt......................            1,292                4
Texas........................................  Victoria.......................              718                3
Texas........................................  Walker.........................            1,962                5
Texas........................................  Waller.........................            2,244                6
Texas........................................  Ward...........................              110                1
Texas........................................  Washington.....................            1,967                5
Texas........................................  Webb...........................              357                2
Texas........................................  Wharton........................              931                3
Texas........................................  Wheeler........................              312                2
Texas........................................  Wichita........................              522                3
Texas........................................  Wilbarger......................              274                2
Texas........................................  Willacy........................              853                3
Texas........................................  Williamson.....................            1,876                5
Texas........................................  Wilson.........................            1,052                4
Texas........................................  Winkler........................               82                1
Texas........................................  Wise...........................            1,508                5
Texas........................................  Wood...........................            1,198                4

[[Page 65114]]


Texas........................................  Yoakum.........................              463                2
Texas........................................  Young..........................              455                2
Texas........................................  Zapata.........................              532                3
Texas........................................  Zavala.........................              522                3
Utah.........................................  Beaver.........................            1,595                5
Utah.........................................  Box Elder......................              422                2
Utah.........................................  Cache..........................            1,502                5
Utah.........................................  Carbon.........................              351                2
Utah.........................................  Daggett........................              560                3
Utah.........................................  Davis..........................            3,042                7
Utah.........................................  Duchesne.......................              295                2
Utah.........................................  Emery..........................              689                3
Utah.........................................  Garfield.......................            1,073                4
Utah.........................................  Grand..........................              846                3
Utah.........................................  Iron...........................              646                3
Utah.........................................  Juab...........................              455                2
Utah.........................................  Kane...........................              465                2
Utah.........................................  Millard........................              651                3
Utah.........................................  Morgan.........................              848                3
Utah.........................................  Piute..........................            1,065                4
Utah.........................................  Rich...........................              252                2
Utah.........................................  Salt Lake......................            3,794                7
Utah.........................................  San Juan.......................              217                1
Utah.........................................  Sanpete........................              976                3
Utah.........................................  Sevier.........................            1,064                4
Utah.........................................  Summit.........................            1,000                3
Utah.........................................  Tooele.........................              382                2
Utah.........................................  Uintah.........................              186                1
Utah.........................................  Utah...........................            2,228                6
Utah.........................................  Wasatch........................            2,349                6
Utah.........................................  Washington.....................            1,327                4
Utah.........................................  Wayne..........................            1,342                4
Utah.........................................  Weber..........................            4,618                7
Vermont......................................  Addison........................            1,436                4
Vermont......................................  Bennington.....................            1,374                4
Vermont......................................  Caledonia......................            1,610                5
Vermont......................................  Chittenden.....................            1,973                5
Vermont......................................  Essex..........................            1,134                4
Vermont......................................  Franklin.......................            1,217                4
Vermont......................................  Grand Isle.....................            2,546                6
Vermont......................................  Lamoille.......................            1,636                5
Vermont......................................  Orange.........................            1,470                4
Vermont......................................  Orleans........................            1,229                4
Vermont......................................  Rutland........................            2,106                6
Vermont......................................  Washington.....................            1,907                5
Vermont......................................  Windham........................            1,954                5
Vermont......................................  Windsor........................            2,835                6
Virginia.....................................  Accomack.......................            1,570                5
Virginia.....................................  Albemarle......................            3,557                7
Virginia.....................................  Alleghany......................            1,758                5
Virginia.....................................  Amelia.........................            1,796                5
Virginia.....................................  Amherst........................            1,922                5
Virginia.....................................  Appomattox.....................            1,226                4
Virginia.....................................  Arlington......................            2,140                6
Virginia.....................................  Augusta........................            2,367                6
Virginia.....................................  Bath...........................            1,692                5
Virginia.....................................  Bedford........................            2,336                6
Virginia.....................................  Bland..........................            1,162                4
Virginia.....................................  Botetourt......................            2,186                6
Virginia.....................................  Brunswick......................            1,097                4
Virginia.....................................  Buchanan.......................            2,140                6
Virginia.....................................  Buckingham.....................            1,524                5
Virginia.....................................  Campbell.......................            1,499                4
Virginia.....................................  Caroline.......................            1,829                5
Virginia.....................................  Carroll........................            2,070                6
Virginia.....................................  Charles City...................            2,151                6
Virginia.....................................  Charlotte......................            1,058                4
Virginia.....................................  Chesapeake City................            2,800                6
Virginia.....................................  Chesterfield...................            4,206                7
Virginia.....................................  Clarke.........................            3,825                7
Virginia.....................................  Craig..........................            1,522                5

[[Page 65115]]


Virginia.....................................  Culpeper.......................            3,330                7
Virginia.....................................  Cumberland.....................            1,774                5
Virginia.....................................  Dickenson......................            1,245                4
Virginia.....................................  Dinwiddie......................            1,308                4
Virginia.....................................  Essex..........................            1,529                5
Virginia.....................................  Fairfax........................            6,689                8
Virginia.....................................  Fauquier.......................            4,800                7
Virginia.....................................  Floyd..........................            1,690                5
Virginia.....................................  Fluvanna.......................            1,859                5
Virginia.....................................  Franklin.......................            1,746                5
Virginia.....................................  Frederick......................            2,941                6
Virginia.....................................  Giles..........................            1,670                5
Virginia.....................................  Gloucester.....................            2,637                6
Virginia.....................................  Goochland......................            2,401                6
Virginia.....................................  Grayson........................            2,094                6
Virginia.....................................  Greene.........................            3,100                7
Virginia.....................................  Greensville....................            1,119                4
Virginia.....................................  Halifax........................            1,270                4
Virginia.....................................  Hanover........................            3,050                7
Virginia.....................................  Henrico........................            3,217                7
Virginia.....................................  Henry..........................            1,266                4
Virginia.....................................  Highland.......................            1,838                5
Virginia.....................................  Isle of Wight..................            1,510                5
Virginia.....................................  James City.....................            4,134                7
Virginia.....................................  King and Queen.................            1,586                5
Virginia.....................................  King George....................            2,294                6
Virginia.....................................  King William...................            1,614                5
Virginia.....................................  Lancaster......................            1,994                5
Virginia.....................................  Lee............................            1,381                4
Virginia.....................................  Loudoun........................            8,646                8
Virginia.....................................  Louisa.........................            1,898                5
Virginia.....................................  Lunenburg......................            1,066                4
Virginia.....................................  Madison........................            2,478                6
Virginia.....................................  Mathews........................            2,153                6
Virginia.....................................  Mecklenburg....................            1,266                4
Virginia.....................................  Middlesex......................            2,181                6
Virginia.....................................  Montgomery.....................            2,505                6
Virginia.....................................  Nelson.........................            1,682                5
Virginia.....................................  New Kent.......................            2,262                6
Virginia.....................................  Northampton....................            1,915                5
Virginia.....................................  Northumberland.................            1,538                5
Virginia.....................................  Nottoway.......................            1,688                5
Virginia.....................................  Orange.........................            2,510                6
Virginia.....................................  Page...........................            3,132                7
Virginia.....................................  Patrick........................            1,316                4
Virginia.....................................  Pittsylvania...................            1,266                4
Virginia.....................................  Powhatan.......................            2,422                6
Virginia.....................................  Prince Edward..................            1,374                4
Virginia.....................................  Prince George..................            1,571                5
Virginia.....................................  Prince William.................            5,283                8
Virginia.....................................  Pulaski........................            1,795                5
Virginia.....................................  Rappahannock...................            2,952                6
Virginia.....................................  Richmond.......................            1,390                4
Virginia.....................................  Roanoke........................            2,669                6
Virginia.....................................  Rockbridge.....................            2,299                6
Virginia.....................................  Rockingham.....................            3,234                7
Virginia.....................................  Russell........................            1,282                4
Virginia.....................................  Scott..........................            1,250                4
Virginia.....................................  Shenandoah.....................            2,624                6
Virginia.....................................  Smyth..........................            1,252                4
Virginia.....................................  Southampton....................            1,575                5
Virginia.....................................  Spotsylvania...................            3,430                7
Virginia.....................................  Stafford.......................            3,904                7
Virginia.....................................  Suffolk........................            1,871                5
Virginia.....................................  Surry..........................            1,524                5
Virginia.....................................  Sussex.........................            1,243                4
Virginia.....................................  Tazewell.......................            1,249                4
Virginia.....................................  Virginia Beach City............            2,916                6
Virginia.....................................  Warren.........................            3,062                7
Virginia.....................................  Washington.....................            1,942                5
Virginia.....................................  Westmoreland...................            1,613                5

[[Page 65116]]


Virginia.....................................  Wise...........................            1,893                5
Virginia.....................................  Wythe..........................            1,726                5
Virginia.....................................  York...........................           39,100               11
Washington...................................  Adams..........................              596                3
Washington...................................  Asotin.........................              408                2
Washington...................................  Benton.........................            1,361                4
Washington...................................  Chelan.........................            5,250                8
Washington...................................  Clallam........................            8,840                8
Washington...................................  Clark..........................            8,009                8
Washington...................................  Columbia.......................              566                3
Washington...................................  Cowlitz........................            4,094                7
Washington...................................  Douglas........................              644                3
Washington...................................  Ferry..........................              314                2
Washington...................................  Franklin.......................            1,158                4
Washington...................................  Garfield.......................              423                2
Washington...................................  Grant..........................            1,538                5
Washington...................................  Grays Harbor...................            1,854                5
Washington...................................  Island.........................            7,574                8
Washington...................................  Jefferson......................            4,353                7
Washington...................................  King...........................           17,070                9
Washington...................................  Kitsap.........................           10,295                9
Washington...................................  Kittitas.......................            2,162                6
Washington...................................  Klickitat......................              726                3
Washington...................................  Lewis..........................            2,418                6
Washington...................................  Lincoln........................              485                2
Washington...................................  Mason..........................            3,966                7
Washington...................................  Okanogan.......................              674                3
Washington...................................  Pacific........................            1,661                5
Washington...................................  Pend Oreille...................            1,467                4
Washington...................................  Pierce.........................            7,724                8
Washington...................................  San Juan.......................            5,046                8
Washington...................................  Skagit.........................            4,090                7
Washington...................................  Skamania.......................            3,653                7
Washington...................................  Snohomish......................            7,723                8
Washington...................................  Spokane........................            1,691                5
Washington...................................  Stevens........................              936                3
Washington...................................  Thurston.......................            6,766                8
Washington...................................  Wahkiakum......................            2,152                6
Washington...................................  Walla Walla....................            1,064                4
Washington...................................  Whatcom........................            4,767                7
Washington...................................  Whitman........................              687                3
Washington...................................  Yakima.........................            1,017                4
West Virginia................................  Barbour........................              818                3
West Virginia................................  Berkeley.......................            2,578                6
West Virginia................................  Boone..........................              866                3
West Virginia................................  Braxton........................              677                3
West Virginia................................  Brooke.........................              965                3
West Virginia................................  Cabell.........................            1,056                4
West Virginia................................  Calhoun........................              582                3
West Virginia................................  Clay...........................              883                3
West Virginia................................  Doddridge......................              664                3
West Virginia................................  Fayette........................            1,054                4
West Virginia................................  Gilmer.........................              634                3
West Virginia................................  Grant..........................            1,310                4
West Virginia................................  Greenbrier.....................            1,192                4
West Virginia................................  Hampshire......................            1,299                4
West Virginia................................  Hancock........................            1,898                5
West Virginia................................  Hardy..........................            1,379                4
West Virginia................................  Harrison.......................              998                3
West Virginia................................  Jackson........................            1,011                4
West Virginia................................  Jefferson......................            2,370                6
West Virginia................................  Kanawha........................            1,129                4
West Virginia................................  Lewis..........................              855                3
West Virginia................................  Lincoln........................              878                3
West Virginia................................  Logan..........................            1,533                5
West Virginia................................  Marion.........................            1,170                4
West Virginia................................  Marshall.......................              760                3
West Virginia................................  Mason..........................            1,021                4
West Virginia................................  McDowell.......................              721                3
West Virginia................................  Mercer.........................            1,131                4
West Virginia................................  Mineral........................            1,042                4

[[Page 65117]]


West Virginia................................  Mingo..........................              662                3
West Virginia................................  Monongalia.....................            1,101                4
West Virginia................................  Monroe.........................            1,086                4
West Virginia................................  Morgan.........................            1,859                5
West Virginia................................  Nicholas.......................            1,157                4
West Virginia................................  Ohio...........................              978                3
West Virginia................................  Pendleton......................              934                3
West Virginia................................  Pleasants......................              846                3
West Virginia................................  Pocahontas.....................              895                3
West Virginia................................  Preston........................            1,132                4
West Virginia................................  Putnam.........................            1,411                4
West Virginia................................  Raleigh........................            1,097                4
West Virginia................................  Randolph.......................              826                3
West Virginia................................  Ritchie........................              725                3
West Virginia................................  Roane..........................              677                3
West Virginia................................  Summers........................              950                3
West Virginia................................  Taylor.........................            1,094                4
West Virginia................................  Tucker.........................              791                3
West Virginia................................  Tyler..........................              744                3
West Virginia................................  Upshur.........................              838                3
West Virginia................................  Wayne..........................              838                3
West Virginia................................  Webster........................              879                3
West Virginia................................  Wetzel.........................              646                3
West Virginia................................  Wirt...........................              931                3
West Virginia................................  Wood...........................            1,008                4
West Virginia................................  Wyoming........................              955                3
Wisconsin....................................  Adams..........................            1,704                5
Wisconsin....................................  Ashland........................              903                3
Wisconsin....................................  Barron.........................            1,303                4
Wisconsin....................................  Bayfield.......................              849                3
Wisconsin....................................  Brown..........................            2,354                6
Wisconsin....................................  Buffalo........................            1,201                4
Wisconsin....................................  Burnett........................            1,478                4
Wisconsin....................................  Calumet........................            2,199                6
Wisconsin....................................  Chippewa.......................            1,222                4
Wisconsin....................................  Clark..........................            1,194                4
Wisconsin....................................  Columbia.......................            2,020                6
Wisconsin....................................  Crawford.......................            1,390                4
Wisconsin....................................  Dane...........................            2,611                6
Wisconsin....................................  Dodge..........................            1,968                5
Wisconsin....................................  Door...........................            1,706                5
Wisconsin....................................  Douglas........................            1,001                3
Wisconsin....................................  Dunn...........................            1,470                4
Wisconsin....................................  Eau Claire.....................            1,426                4
Wisconsin....................................  Florence.......................            1,012                4
Wisconsin....................................  Fond du Lac....................            1,881                5
Wisconsin....................................  Forest.........................            1,136                4
Wisconsin....................................  Grant..........................            1,540                5
Wisconsin....................................  Green..........................            1,817                5
Wisconsin....................................  Green Lake.....................            1,585                5
Wisconsin....................................  Iowa...........................            1,794                5
Wisconsin....................................  Iron...........................              870                3
Wisconsin....................................  Jackson........................            1,282                4
Wisconsin....................................  Jefferson......................            2,470                6
Wisconsin....................................  Juneau.........................            1,496                4
Wisconsin....................................  Kenosha........................            3,610                7
Wisconsin....................................  Kewaunee.......................            2,018                6
Wisconsin....................................  La Crosse......................            1,550                5
Wisconsin....................................  Lafayette......................            1,690                5
Wisconsin....................................  Langlade.......................            1,374                4
Wisconsin....................................  Lincoln........................            1,253                4
Wisconsin....................................  Manitowoc......................            2,246                6
Wisconsin....................................  Marathon.......................            1,477                4
Wisconsin....................................  Marinette......................            1,364                4
Wisconsin....................................  Marquette......................            1,711                5
Wisconsin....................................  Menominee......................              572                3
Wisconsin....................................  Milwaukee......................            5,134                8
Wisconsin....................................  Monroe.........................            1,528                5
Wisconsin....................................  Oconto.........................            1,609                5
Wisconsin....................................  Oneida.........................            1,654                5
Wisconsin....................................  Outagamie......................            2,533                6

[[Page 65118]]


Wisconsin....................................  Ozaukee........................            3,234                7
Wisconsin....................................  Pepin..........................            1,478                4
Wisconsin....................................  Pierce.........................            1,856                5
Wisconsin....................................  Polk...........................            1,720                5
Wisconsin....................................  Portage........................            2,408                6
Wisconsin....................................  Price..........................            1,134                4
Wisconsin....................................  Racine.........................            3,420                7
Wisconsin....................................  Richland.......................            1,746                5
Wisconsin....................................  Rock...........................            2,762                6
Wisconsin....................................  Rusk...........................            1,534                5
Wisconsin....................................  Sauk...........................            2,170                6
Wisconsin....................................  Sawyer.........................            1,589                5
Wisconsin....................................  Shawano........................            2,010                6
Wisconsin....................................  Sheboygan......................            2,362                6
Wisconsin....................................  St. Croix......................            2,583                6
Wisconsin....................................  Taylor.........................            1,072                4
Wisconsin....................................  Trempealeau....................            1,435                4
Wisconsin....................................  Vernon.........................            1,414                4
Wisconsin....................................  Vilas..........................            2,525                6
Wisconsin....................................  Walworth.......................            3,127                7
Wisconsin....................................  Washburn.......................            1,393                4
Wisconsin....................................  Washington.....................            3,241                7
Wisconsin....................................  Waukesha.......................            3,788                7
Wisconsin....................................  Waupaca........................            1,721                5
Wisconsin....................................  Waushara.......................            2,071                6
Wisconsin....................................  Winnebago......................            2,015                6
Wisconsin....................................  Wood...........................            1,460                4
Wyoming......................................  Albany.........................              182                1
Wyoming......................................  Big Horn.......................              574                3
Wyoming......................................  Campbell.......................              142                1
Wyoming......................................  Carbon.........................              171                1
Wyoming......................................  Converse.......................              123                1
Wyoming......................................  Crook..........................              288                2
Wyoming......................................  Fremont........................              249                1
Wyoming......................................  Goshen.........................              330                2
Wyoming......................................  Hot Springs....................              130                1
Wyoming......................................  Johnson........................              216                1
Wyoming......................................  Laramie........................              244                1
Wyoming......................................  Lincoln........................              725                3
Wyoming......................................  Natrona........................              150                1
Wyoming......................................  Niobrara.......................              210                1
Wyoming......................................  Park...........................              541                3
Wyoming......................................  Platte.........................              268                2
Wyoming......................................  Sheridan.......................              365                2
Wyoming......................................  Sublette.......................              586                3
Wyoming......................................  Sweetwater.....................               78                1
Wyoming......................................  Teton..........................            2,446                6
Wyoming......................................  Uinta..........................              298                2
Wyoming......................................  Washakie.......................              311                2
Wyoming......................................  Weston.........................              174                1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* State-average Land and Building value used where no county-specific value is available.

[FR Doc. E8-25159 Filed 10-30-08; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4310-84-P