What is " The Northern & Eastern Mojave Plan (NEMO)"?
The NEMO planning area is one of three major planning areas
(others being WEMO & NECO)
within the 12-million acre, 1976 congressionally-designated, California Desert Conservation
Area (CDCA). The CDCA Plan is based on land-use management by geographic zones, i.e. the types
of uses that are appropriate in light of existing resource values. Since 1976, the listing of
federal and state endangered species within the CDCA, and the passage of the 1994 California Desert
Protection Act (CDPA), has affected the land management of millions of acres of public lands in the
The purpose of the NEMO Plan is to:
What is "NEMO"?
The NEMO planning area encompasses 3.3 million acres of land of which 2.7 million acres are
public lands within the CDCA. This spectacularly diverse area is located in the Mojave Desert in southeastern California adjacent
to Nevada. It is characterized by several north-south trending, parallel mountain ranges separated by narrow
valleys in the north and by wide valleys in the south. The planning area is considered to contain parts
of both the Great Basin and Mojave Deserts. BLM-managed public lands in the planning area exist in
three distinct and geographically separated regions.
The public lands in the NEMO planning area are intermingled with private and state holdings, but
exist generally in three large blocks split by two large National Park Service Units: Death Valley
National Park and the Mojave National Preserve. The NEMO borders Nevada on the east, Fort Irwin
and the West Mojave planning area on the west, and I-40 and the Northern and Eastern Colorado
planning area on the south. The northern planning area boundary is the CDCA boundary, formed along the northern end of the Inyo Mountains and its
adjacent valleys. The Bureau of Land Management, under the jurisdiction of the Las Vegas Field
Office, also manages most of the adjacent land in Nevada.
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The NEMO planning effort has been developed in
response to U.S Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) recovery plans for the federally and state
listed desert tortoise and Amargosa vole, and taking into account changes made to the CDCA
Plan in light of the legislative provisions of the 1994 CDPA.
1. Adopt standards for public land health and guidelines for grazing management;
2. Recover one federally threatened species, the desert tortoise;
3. Conserve one federally endangered, endemic species, the Amargosa vole;
4. Conserve two plants, the federally endangered Amargosa niterwort and the federally
threatened Ash Meadows gumplant;
5. Conserve approximately 15 special status plants and animals and natural communities;
6. Incorporate designations and address unresolved issues from the 1994 California Desert
Protection Act, including Multiple Use Class (MUC) zoning of released lands and a strategy
for the Barstow-to-Vegas (B to V) race course;
7. Designate routes of travel;
8. Adopt zoning adjustments for landfills on public lands;
9. Identify eligible rivers for the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System
BENEFITS OF THE NEMO PLAN
- Adopt public land health standards for all resources and uses on the public lands in
the Northern and Eastern Mojave planning area and grazing guidelines to be
consistent with Departmental guidance and provide a landscape basis for resource
- Achieve recovery of the desert tortoise in the Eastern Mojave Recovery Unit 6 and
comply with the Endangered Species Act (ESA).
- Recover the locally endemic Amargosa vole, preserve its remaining habitat, and
comply with the ESA.
- Protect listed and other sensitive plant species and comply with the ESA.
- Protect sensitive bat species and habitat in the Silurian Hills area, particularly
during times when roosting and reproduction is occurring.
- Provide multiple-use zoning of the public lands that have previously been under
interim management for wilderness review, and have now been released from
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